Abstract

We develop a framework for rendering photographic images by directly optimizing their perceptual similarity to the original visual scene. Specifically, over the set of all images that can be rendered on a given display, we minimize the normalized Laplacian pyramid distance (NLPD), a measure of perceptual dissimilarity that is derived from a simple model of the early stages of the human visual system. When rendering images acquired with a higher dynamic range than that of the display, we find that the optimization boosts the contrast of low-contrast features without introducing significant artifacts, yielding results of comparable visual quality to current state-of-the-art methods, but without manual intervention or parameter adjustment. We also demonstrate the effectiveness of the framework for a variety of other display constraints, including limitations on minimum luminance (black point), mean luminance (as a proxy for energy consumption), and quantized luminance levels (halftoning). We show that the method may generally be used to enhance details and contrast, and, in particular, can be used on images degraded by optical scattering (e.g., fog). Finally, we demonstrate the necessity of each of the NLPD components—an initial power function, a multiscale transform, and local contrast gain control—in achieving these results and we show that NLPD is competitive with the current state-of-the-art image quality metrics.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
High dynamic range head mounted display based on dual-layer spatial modulation

Miaomiao Xu and Hong Hua
Opt. Express 25(19) 23320-23333 (2017)

Naturalness index for a tone-mapped high dynamic range image

Yang Song, Gangyi Jiang, Mei Yu, Yun Zhang, Feng Shao, and Zongju Peng
Appl. Opt. 55(35) 10084-10091 (2016)

Fast image enhancement method for display images in ambient light

Cheng Yang, Jianqi Zhang, and Wenjing Chang
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 33(2) 228-236 (2016)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (13)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (24)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription