Abstract

The root-mean-square (RMS) bandwidth of temporal light-flux fluctuations is formulated for both plane and spherical waves propagating in the turbulent atmosphere with location-dependent transverse wind. Two path weighting functions characterizing the joint contributions of turbulent eddies and transverse winds at various locations toward the RMS bandwidth are derived. Based on the developed formulations, the roles of variations in both the direction and magnitude of transverse wind velocity with locations over a path on the RMS bandwidth are elucidated. For propagation paths between ground and space, comparisons of the RMS bandwidth computed based on the Bufton wind profile with that calculated by assuming a nominal constant transverse wind velocity are made to exemplify the effect that location dependence of transverse wind velocity has on the RMS bandwidth. Moreover, an expression for the weighted RMS transverse wind velocity has been derived, which can be used as a nominal constant transverse wind velocity over a path for accurately determining the RMS bandwidth.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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