Abstract

We obtain vibro-acoustic (VA) spectral signatures of a remotely palpated region in tissue or tissue-like objects through diffusing-wave spectroscopy (DWS) measurements. Remote application of force is through focused ultrasound, and the spectral signatures correspond to vibrational modes of the focal volume (also called the ROI) excited through ultrasound forcing. In DWS, one recovers the time evolution of mean-square displacement (MSD) of Brownian particles from the measured decay of intensity autocorrelation of light, adapted also to local particles pertaining only to the ROI. We observe that the plateau of the MSD-versus-time curve has noisy fluctuations when ultrasound is applied, which disappear when forcing is removed. It is shown that the spectrum of fluctuations contains peaks corresponding to some of the modes of vibration of the ROI. This enables us to measure the vibrational modes carried by VA waves. We also show recovery of components of the orthotropic elastic tensor pertaining to the material of the ROI from the measured vibrational modes. We first recover the elastic constants for agar slabs, which are verified to be isotropic. Thereafter, we repeat the exercise on fat recovered from pork back tissue, which, from these measurements, is seen to be orthotropic. We validate some of our present measurements through independent runs in a rheometer. The present work is the first step taken, to the best of our knowledge, to characterize biological tissue on the basis of the anisotropic elasticity property, which may potentially aid in the diagnosis and tracking of the progress of cancer in soft-tissue organs.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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