A single-order transmission diffraction grating based on dispersion engineered all-dielectric metasurfaces is proposed, and its wavelength discriminating properties have been theoretically described and confirmed using numerical simulations. The metasurface is designed using a 2D array of all-dielectric resonators, which emulates a Huygens’ source configuration to achieve a perfect match to free space in broad bandwidth. Using a holey dielectric nanodisk structure as the unit cell, the resonant wavelength is tapered across the metasurface to engineer the wavelength-dependent spatial phase gradient, to emulate a dispersive prism. Consequently, different wavelengths are steered toward different directions and thus are discriminated on the output image plane. Due to the subwavelength periodicities involved, wavelength discrimination is achieved directly in the zeroth diffraction order of the device, unlike conventional diffraction gratings, thereby providing a high-efficiency wavelength discriminating device.
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