Abstract

The visual system needs to discount the influence of an illuminant to achieve color constancy. Uchikawa et al. [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, A133 (2012) [CrossRef]  ] showed that the luminance-balance change of surfaces in a scene contributes to illuminant estimation; however, its effect was substantially less than the chromaticity change. We conduct three experiments to reinforce the previous findings and investigate possible factors that can influence the effect of luminance balance. Experimental results replicate the previous finding; i.e., luminance balance makes a small, but significant, contribution to illuminant estimation. We find that stimulus dimensionality affects neither the degree of color constancy nor the effect of luminance balance. Unlike chromaticity-based color constancy, chromatic variation does not influence the effect of luminance balance. It is shown that luminance-balance-based estimation of an illuminant performs better for scenes with reddish or bluish surfaces. This suggests that the visual system exploits the optimal color distribution for illuminant estimation [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, A133 (2012) [CrossRef]  ].

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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