Abstract

We investigate electromagnetic scattering and absorption by dielectric cylinders coated with a concentric plasmonic shell at arbitrary incidence angles. Exploiting bulk and surface plasmon resonances in the long wavelength regime, we obtain an analytical condition to achieve wide-angle enhanced absorption for both TE and TM polarizations. By using the Lorenz–Mie theory, we apply this result to investigate electromagnetic absorption in a silicon cylinder coated with a graphene monolayer epitaxially grown on silicon carbide. Our theoretical results show that enhanced absorption occurs for a broad frequency range in the terahertz, and that omnidirectional absorption exists at a frequency in between the bulk and localized surface plasmon resonances. By showing that omnidirectional absorption does not correspond to an extinction resonance, we associate this phenomenon with off-resonance field enhancement in this system, which in turn is explained in terms of Fano resonances in the graphene layer.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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