Abstract

Propagation of a partially coherent cylindrical vector Laguerre–Gaussian (PCCVLG) beam passing through oceanic turbulence is studied with the help of the extended Huygens–Fresnel integral formula and unified theory of coherence and polarization of light. Analytical formula for the cross-spectral density matrix of a PCCVLG beam propagating in oceanic turbulence is derived, and the statistical properties, such as intensity distribution and degree of polarization, of a PCCVLG beam on propagation in oceanic turbulence are illustrated in detail. It is found that the statistical properties of a PCCVLG beam in oceanic turbulence vary as the sea-related parameters, initial coherence length, and mode orders vary, and such beam is depolarized on propagation. Our results will be useful in optical underwater communications, imaging, and sensing.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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