Abstract

A modified Nth-order correlation function is derived that can effectively remove the noise background encountered in high-order thermal light ghost imaging (GI). Based on this, the quality of the reconstructed images in an Nth-order lensless GI setup has been greatly enhanced compared to former high-order schemes for the same sampling number. In addition, the dependence of the visibility and signal-to-noise ratio for different high-order images on the sampling number has been measured and compared.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  33. J. B. Liu and Y. H. Shih, “Nth-order coherence of thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023819 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  34. Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 81, 043831 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, K.-H. Luo, L.-A. Wu, and H. Fan, “Time-correspondence differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 033813 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, X.-F. Liu, X.-R. Yao, K.-H. Luo, H. Fan, and L.-A. Wu, “A double-threshold technique for fast time-correspondence imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 211119 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X.-H. Chen, W. Chen, S.-Y. Meng, W. Wu, L.-A. Wu, and G.-J. Zhai, “Role of intensity fluctuations in third-order correlation double-slit interference of thermal light,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30, 1422–1425 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

Y. Zhou, J. B. Liu, J. Simon, and Y. H. Shih, “Resolution enhancement of third-order thermal light ghost imaging in the photon counting regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 377–381 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Li, J. H. Shi, Z. P. Chen, and G. H. Zeng, “Detailed quality analysis of ideal high-order thermal ghost imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 2256–2262 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Luo, B.-Q. Huang, W.-M. Zheng, and L.-A. Wu, “Nonlocal imaging by conditional averaging of random reference measurements,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 074216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

W. L. Gong and S. S. Han, “Correlated imaging in scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 36, 394–396 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 81, 043831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Clifford Chan, M. N. O’Sullivan, and R. W. Boyd, “Optimization of thermal ghost imaging high-order correlations versus background subtraction,” Opt. Express 18, 5562–5573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X.-H. Chen, I. N. Agafonov, K.-H. Luo, Q. Liu, R. Xian, M. V. Chekhova, and L.-A. Wu, “High-visibility, high-order lensless ghost imaging with thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1166–1168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Zhang, W. L. Gong, X. Shen, and S. S. Han, “Correlated imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, G. J. Ge, and K. G. Wang, “Two-photon subwavelength lithography with thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Clemente, V. Durn, V. Torres-Company, E. Tajahuerce, and J. Lancis, “Optical encryption based on computational ghost imaging,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2391–2393 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Cheng, “Ghost imaging through turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express 17, 7916–7921 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X.-H. Chen, Q. Liu, K.-H. Luo, and L.-A. Wu, “Lensless ghost imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 34, 695–697 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Liu and Y. H. Shih, “Nth-order coherence of thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Clifford Chan, M. N. O’Sullivan, and R. W. Boyd, “High-order thermal ghost imaging,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3343–3345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Katz, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, “Compressive ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, X.-H. Chen, K.-H. Luo, W. Wu, and L.-A. Wu, “Role of multiphoton bunching in high-order ghost imaging with thermal light sources,” Phys. Rev. A. 79, 053844 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

I. N. Agafonov, M. V. Chekhova, T. S. Iskhakov, and A. N. Penin, “High-visibility multiphoton interference of Hanbury Brown–Twiss type for classical light,” Phys. Rev. A. 77, 053801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, S. H. Zhang, L. F. Lin, L. Gao, and K. G. Wang, “Enhancing visibility and resolution in Nth-order intensity correlation of thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H.-G. Li, Y.-T. Zhang, D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K.-G. Wang, “Third-order ghost interference with thermal light,” Chin. Phys. B 17, 4510–4515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 061802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

Y. F. Bai and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging with thermal light by third-order correlation,” Phys. Rev. A. 76, 043828 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, “Geometrical optics in correlated imaging systems,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Cai and S. Y. Zhu, “Ghost imaging with incoherent and partially coherent light radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhang, Y.-H. Zhai, L.-A. Wu, and X.-H. Chen, “Correlated two-photon imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 30, 354–356 (2005).

2004

J. Cheng and S. S. Han, “Incoherent coincidence imaging and its applicability in X-ray diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1995

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990

T. Richter, “Interference and quantum effects in third-order spatial intensity correlations,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 1817–1820 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Agafonov, I. N.

X.-H. Chen, I. N. Agafonov, K.-H. Luo, Q. Liu, R. Xian, M. V. Chekhova, and L.-A. Wu, “High-visibility, high-order lensless ghost imaging with thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1166–1168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Agafonov, M. V. Chekhova, T. S. Iskhakov, and A. N. Penin, “High-visibility multiphoton interference of Hanbury Brown–Twiss type for classical light,” Phys. Rev. A. 77, 053801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bache, M.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Y. F.

Y. F. Bai and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging with thermal light by third-order correlation,” Phys. Rev. A. 76, 043828 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

Brambilla, E.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bromberg, Y.

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Katz, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, “Compressive ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Y. J.

Y. J. Cai and S. Y. Zhu, “Ghost imaging with incoherent and partially coherent light radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cao, D. Z.

D. Z. Cao, G. J. Ge, and K. G. Wang, “Two-photon subwavelength lithography with thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, S. H. Zhang, L. F. Lin, L. Gao, and K. G. Wang, “Enhancing visibility and resolution in Nth-order intensity correlation of thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H.-G. Li, Y.-T. Zhang, D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K.-G. Wang, “Third-order ghost interference with thermal light,” Chin. Phys. B 17, 4510–4515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, “Geometrical optics in correlated imaging systems,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chekhova, M. V.

X.-H. Chen, I. N. Agafonov, K.-H. Luo, Q. Liu, R. Xian, M. V. Chekhova, and L.-A. Wu, “High-visibility, high-order lensless ghost imaging with thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1166–1168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Agafonov, M. V. Chekhova, T. S. Iskhakov, and A. N. Penin, “High-visibility multiphoton interference of Hanbury Brown–Twiss type for classical light,” Phys. Rev. A. 77, 053801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M. L.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

Chen, X.-H.

Chen, Z. P.

Cheng, J.

J. Cheng, “Ghost imaging through turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express 17, 7916–7921 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Cheng and S. S. Han, “Incoherent coincidence imaging and its applicability in X-ray diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clemente, P.

Clifford Chan, K. W.

D’Angelo, M.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Deacon, K. S.

R. E. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Durn, V.

Fan, H.

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, X.-F. Liu, X.-R. Yao, K.-H. Luo, H. Fan, and L.-A. Wu, “A double-threshold technique for fast time-correspondence imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 211119 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, K.-H. Luo, L.-A. Wu, and H. Fan, “Time-correspondence differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 033813 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ferri, F.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gao, L.

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, S. H. Zhang, L. F. Lin, L. Gao, and K. G. Wang, “Enhancing visibility and resolution in Nth-order intensity correlation of thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gatti, A.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ge, G. J.

D. Z. Cao, G. J. Ge, and K. G. Wang, “Two-photon subwavelength lithography with thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gong, W. L.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Gong and S. S. Han, “Correlated imaging in scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 36, 394–396 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Zhang, W. L. Gong, X. Shen, and S. S. Han, “Correlated imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. S.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Gong and S. S. Han, “Correlated imaging in scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 36, 394–396 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Zhang, W. L. Gong, X. Shen, and S. S. Han, “Correlated imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Bai and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging with thermal light by third-order correlation,” Phys. Rev. A. 76, 043828 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Cheng and S. S. Han, “Incoherent coincidence imaging and its applicability in X-ray diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, B.-Q.

K.-H. Luo, B.-Q. Huang, W.-M. Zheng, and L.-A. Wu, “Nonlocal imaging by conditional averaging of random reference measurements,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 074216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Iskhakov, T. S.

I. N. Agafonov, M. V. Chekhova, T. S. Iskhakov, and A. N. Penin, “High-visibility multiphoton interference of Hanbury Brown–Twiss type for classical light,” Phys. Rev. A. 77, 053801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Katz, O.

O. Katz, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, “Compressive ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lancis, J.

Li, E. R.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Li, H.-G.

H.-G. Li, Y.-T. Zhang, D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K.-G. Wang, “Third-order ghost interference with thermal light,” Chin. Phys. B 17, 4510–4515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.-F.

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, X.-F. Liu, X.-R. Yao, K.-H. Luo, H. Fan, and L.-A. Wu, “A double-threshold technique for fast time-correspondence imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 211119 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, K.-H. Luo, L.-A. Wu, and H. Fan, “Time-correspondence differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 033813 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L. F.

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, S. H. Zhang, L. F. Lin, L. Gao, and K. G. Wang, “Enhancing visibility and resolution in Nth-order intensity correlation of thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. B.

Y. Zhou, J. B. Liu, J. Simon, and Y. H. Shih, “Resolution enhancement of third-order thermal light ghost imaging in the photon counting regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 377–381 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 81, 043831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Liu and Y. H. Shih, “Nth-order coherence of thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Liu, X.-F.

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, X.-F. Liu, X.-R. Yao, K.-H. Luo, H. Fan, and L.-A. Wu, “A double-threshold technique for fast time-correspondence imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 211119 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lugiato, L. A.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, K.-H.

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, K.-H. Luo, L.-A. Wu, and H. Fan, “Time-correspondence differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 033813 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, X.-F. Liu, X.-R. Yao, K.-H. Luo, H. Fan, and L.-A. Wu, “A double-threshold technique for fast time-correspondence imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 211119 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Luo, B.-Q. Huang, W.-M. Zheng, and L.-A. Wu, “Nonlocal imaging by conditional averaging of random reference measurements,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 074216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X.-H. Chen, I. N. Agafonov, K.-H. Luo, Q. Liu, R. Xian, M. V. Chekhova, and L.-A. Wu, “High-visibility, high-order lensless ghost imaging with thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1166–1168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, X.-H. Chen, K.-H. Luo, W. Wu, and L.-A. Wu, “Role of multiphoton bunching in high-order ghost imaging with thermal light sources,” Phys. Rev. A. 79, 053844 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X.-H. Chen, Q. Liu, K.-H. Luo, and L.-A. Wu, “Lensless ghost imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 34, 695–697 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L.-A. Wu and K.-H. Luo, “Two-photon imaging with entangled and thermal light,” in 75 Years of Quantum Entanglement: Foundations and Information Theoretic Applications, D. Home, G. Kar, and A. S. Majumdar, eds. (AIP, 2011), Vol. 1384, p. 223.

Magatti, D.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meng, S.-Y.

Meyers, R. E.

R. E. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O’Sullivan, M. N.

Penin, A. N.

I. N. Agafonov, M. V. Chekhova, T. S. Iskhakov, and A. N. Penin, “High-visibility multiphoton interference of Hanbury Brown–Twiss type for classical light,” Phys. Rev. A. 77, 053801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, T. B.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Richter, T.

T. Richter, “Interference and quantum effects in third-order spatial intensity correlations,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 1817–1820 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Scarcelli, G.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sergienko, A. V.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, J. H.

J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 061802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shen, X.

P. L. Zhang, W. L. Gong, X. Shen, and S. S. Han, “Correlated imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J. H.

Shih, Y.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shih, Y. H.

Y. Zhou, J. B. Liu, J. Simon, and Y. H. Shih, “Resolution enhancement of third-order thermal light ghost imaging in the photon counting regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 377–381 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 81, 043831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Liu and Y. H. Shih, “Nth-order coherence of thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

O. Katz, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, “Compressive ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Simon, J.

Y. Zhou, J. B. Liu, J. Simon, and Y. H. Shih, “Resolution enhancement of third-order thermal light ghost imaging in the photon counting regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 377–381 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 81, 043831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Strekalov, D. V.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tajahuerce, E.

Torres-Company, V.

Valencia, A.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K. G.

D. Z. Cao, G. J. Ge, and K. G. Wang, “Two-photon subwavelength lithography with thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, S. H. Zhang, L. F. Lin, L. Gao, and K. G. Wang, “Enhancing visibility and resolution in Nth-order intensity correlation of thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, “Geometrical optics in correlated imaging systems,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.-G.

H.-G. Li, Y.-T. Zhang, D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K.-G. Wang, “Third-order ghost interference with thermal light,” Chin. Phys. B 17, 4510–4515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L.-A.

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, K.-H. Luo, L.-A. Wu, and H. Fan, “Time-correspondence differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 033813 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, X.-F. Liu, X.-R. Yao, K.-H. Luo, H. Fan, and L.-A. Wu, “A double-threshold technique for fast time-correspondence imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 211119 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X.-H. Chen, W. Chen, S.-Y. Meng, W. Wu, L.-A. Wu, and G.-J. Zhai, “Role of intensity fluctuations in third-order correlation double-slit interference of thermal light,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30, 1422–1425 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Luo, B.-Q. Huang, W.-M. Zheng, and L.-A. Wu, “Nonlocal imaging by conditional averaging of random reference measurements,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 074216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X.-H. Chen, I. N. Agafonov, K.-H. Luo, Q. Liu, R. Xian, M. V. Chekhova, and L.-A. Wu, “High-visibility, high-order lensless ghost imaging with thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1166–1168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, X.-H. Chen, K.-H. Luo, W. Wu, and L.-A. Wu, “Role of multiphoton bunching in high-order ghost imaging with thermal light sources,” Phys. Rev. A. 79, 053844 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X.-H. Chen, Q. Liu, K.-H. Luo, and L.-A. Wu, “Lensless ghost imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 34, 695–697 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhang, Y.-H. Zhai, L.-A. Wu, and X.-H. Chen, “Correlated two-photon imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 30, 354–356 (2005).

L.-A. Wu and K.-H. Luo, “Two-photon imaging with entangled and thermal light,” in 75 Years of Quantum Entanglement: Foundations and Information Theoretic Applications, D. Home, G. Kar, and A. S. Majumdar, eds. (AIP, 2011), Vol. 1384, p. 223.

Wu, W.

X.-H. Chen, W. Chen, S.-Y. Meng, W. Wu, L.-A. Wu, and G.-J. Zhai, “Role of intensity fluctuations in third-order correlation double-slit interference of thermal light,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30, 1422–1425 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, X.-H. Chen, K.-H. Luo, W. Wu, and L.-A. Wu, “Role of multiphoton bunching in high-order ghost imaging with thermal light sources,” Phys. Rev. A. 79, 053844 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xian, R.

Xiong, J.

H.-G. Li, Y.-T. Zhang, D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K.-G. Wang, “Third-order ghost interference with thermal light,” Chin. Phys. B 17, 4510–4515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, S. H. Zhang, L. F. Lin, L. Gao, and K. G. Wang, “Enhancing visibility and resolution in Nth-order intensity correlation of thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, “Geometrical optics in correlated imaging systems,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W. D.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yao, X.-R.

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, X.-F. Liu, X.-R. Yao, K.-H. Luo, H. Fan, and L.-A. Wu, “A double-threshold technique for fast time-correspondence imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 211119 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, G. H.

Zhai, G.-J.

Zhai, Y.-H.

D. Zhang, Y.-H. Zhai, L.-A. Wu, and X.-H. Chen, “Correlated two-photon imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 30, 354–356 (2005).

Zhang, D.

D. Zhang, Y.-H. Zhai, L.-A. Wu, and X.-H. Chen, “Correlated two-photon imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 30, 354–356 (2005).

Zhang, P. L.

P. L. Zhang, W. L. Gong, X. Shen, and S. S. Han, “Correlated imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. H.

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, S. H. Zhang, L. F. Lin, L. Gao, and K. G. Wang, “Enhancing visibility and resolution in Nth-order intensity correlation of thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.-R.

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, K.-H. Luo, L.-A. Wu, and H. Fan, “Time-correspondence differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 033813 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, X.-F. Liu, X.-R. Yao, K.-H. Luo, H. Fan, and L.-A. Wu, “A double-threshold technique for fast time-correspondence imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 211119 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.-T.

H.-G. Li, Y.-T. Zhang, D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K.-G. Wang, “Third-order ghost interference with thermal light,” Chin. Phys. B 17, 4510–4515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C. Q.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, W.-M.

K.-H. Luo, B.-Q. Huang, W.-M. Zheng, and L.-A. Wu, “Nonlocal imaging by conditional averaging of random reference measurements,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 074216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

Y. Zhou, J. B. Liu, J. Simon, and Y. H. Shih, “Resolution enhancement of third-order thermal light ghost imaging in the photon counting regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 377–381 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 81, 043831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. Y.

Y. J. Cai and S. Y. Zhu, “Ghost imaging with incoherent and partially coherent light radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. Q. Zhao, W. L. Gong, M. L. Chen, E. R. Li, H. Wang, W. D. Xu, and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, G. J. Ge, and K. G. Wang, “Two-photon subwavelength lithography with thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Katz, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, “Compressive ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, X.-F. Liu, X.-R. Yao, K.-H. Luo, H. Fan, and L.-A. Wu, “A double-threshold technique for fast time-correspondence imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 211119 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, S. H. Zhang, L. F. Lin, L. Gao, and K. G. Wang, “Enhancing visibility and resolution in Nth-order intensity correlation of thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. B

H.-G. Li, Y.-T. Zhang, D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K.-G. Wang, “Third-order ghost interference with thermal light,” Chin. Phys. B 17, 4510–4515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett.

K.-H. Luo, B.-Q. Huang, W.-M. Zheng, and L.-A. Wu, “Nonlocal imaging by conditional averaging of random reference measurements,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 074216 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

J. B. Liu and Y. H. Shih, “Nth-order coherence of thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M.-F. Li, Y.-R. Zhang, K.-H. Luo, L.-A. Wu, and H. Fan, “Time-correspondence differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 033813 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Richter, “Interference and quantum effects in third-order spatial intensity correlations,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 1817–1820 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, “Geometrical optics in correlated imaging systems,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 061802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Zhang, W. L. Gong, X. Shen, and S. S. Han, “Correlated imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A.

Y. F. Bai and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging with thermal light by third-order correlation,” Phys. Rev. A. 76, 043828 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, X.-H. Chen, K.-H. Luo, W. Wu, and L.-A. Wu, “Role of multiphoton bunching in high-order ghost imaging with thermal light sources,” Phys. Rev. A. 79, 053844 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Agafonov, M. V. Chekhova, T. S. Iskhakov, and A. N. Penin, “High-visibility multiphoton interference of Hanbury Brown–Twiss type for classical light,” Phys. Rev. A. 77, 053801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 81, 043831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

Y. J. Cai and S. Y. Zhu, “Ghost imaging with incoherent and partially coherent light radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. Cheng and S. S. Han, “Incoherent coincidence imaging and its applicability in X-ray diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

L.-A. Wu and K.-H. Luo, “Two-photon imaging with entangled and thermal light,” in 75 Years of Quantum Entanglement: Foundations and Information Theoretic Applications, D. Home, G. Kar, and A. S. Majumdar, eds. (AIP, 2011), Vol. 1384, p. 223.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for high-order GI with a pseudothermal light source. G, rotating ground-glass plate; BS, beamsplitter; CCDi(i=1,2), CCD camera.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Binary digital figure of the mask for use in computing the SNR of the recovered thermal GI images. Top row: (b) second-order GI, (c) fourth-order γ1(4) with n=1, and (d) fourth-order γ2(4) with n=2. Bottom row: (e) fourth-order γ3(4) with n=3, (f) fourth-order Γ1(4) with n=1, and (g) fourth-order Γ2(4) with n=2.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Visibility (lower set of blue curves) and SNR (upper green curves) of γ(2) and Γn(4)(n=1,2,3) versus sampling number.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

gn(N)(x1,x2)=In(x1)INn(x2)I(x1)nI(x2)Nn,
γn(N)(x2)=SnINn(x2)SnI(x2)Nn,
Γn(N)(x2)=γn(N)(x2)g(Nn)(x2)/gMax(Nn)(x2),
g(Nn)(x2)=INn(x2)I(x2)Nn
Γn(N)(x2)=gMax(Nn)(x2)SnINn(x2)SnINn(x2).
V=(Γn(N))Max(Γn(N))Min(Γn(N))Max+(Γn(N))Min
SNR=i,j=1M,K[T0(i,j)T¯0]2i,j=1M,K[Γn(N)(i,j)T0(i,j)]2,

Metrics