Abstract

Wu et al. [Nature429, 262 (2004)] describe a visual illusion in which color and motion are incorrectly bound: green dots moving downward and red dots moving upward are seen as green dots going up and red dots going down. The present study determined whether S cones contribute to color-motion feature-binding errors, in order to assess the neural representation of color at the level of binding. The specific experimental question is whether binding errors depend on S-cone responses from the objects perceived to have an illusory direction of motion. Alternatively, only L and M cones may determine the neural representation of color that regulates color-motion feature binding. In two experiments, the chromatic difference was manipulated between central objects, which induce color-motion binding errors, and peripheral objects, where color-motion binding errors occur. The chromaticity difference was varied along only the L/M-cone axis or only the S-cone axis. As in Wu et al. [Nature429, 262 (2004)], color-motion binding was frequently observed in the periphery when there were no central versus peripheral chromatic differences. Further, the results showed that the frequency of color-motion binding errors in the periphery depended on the difference in S-cone excitation between center and periphery, thereby demonstrating that the neural representation of color at the level of feature binding depends on signals from not only L and M cones but also S cones.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (1)

X. Zhang and F. Fang, “Misbinding of color and motion in human V2,” J. Vis. 12(9): 68 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

Y. Noguchi, S. Shimojo, R. Kakigi, and M. Hoshiyama, “An integration of color and motion information in visual scene analyses,” Psychol. Sci. 22, 153–158 (2011).

B. B. Lee, “Visual pathways and psychophysical channels in the primate,” J. Physiol. 589, 41–47 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

J. J. Nassi and E. M. Callaway, “Parallel processing strategies of the primate visual system,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 10, 360–372 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Seymour, C. W. G. Clifford, N. K. Logothetis, and A. Bartels, “The coding of color, motion, and their conjunction in the human visual cortex,” Curr. Biol. 19, 177–183 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

D. A. Wu, R. Kanai, and S. Shimojo, “Vision: steady-state misbinding of colour and motion,” Nature 429, 262 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

P. T. Quinlan, “Visual feature integration theory: past, present and future,” Psychol. Bull. 129, 643–673 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. Chatterjee and E. M. Callaway, “S cone contributions to the magnocellular visual pathway in macaque monkey,” Neuron 35, 1135–1146 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

A. Roorda, A. B. Metha, P. Lennie, and D. R. Williams, “Packing arrangement of the three cone classes in primate retina,” Vis. Res. 41, 1291–1306 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Calkins, “Seeing with S cones,” Prog. Retinal Eye Res. 20, 255–287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

A. Roorda and D. R. Williams, “The arrangement of the three cone classes in the living human eye,” Nature 397, 520–522 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Bumsted and A. Hendrickson, “Distribution and development of short-wavelength cones different between Macaca monkey and human fovea,” J. Comp. Neurol. 403, 502–516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Dougherty, W. A. Press, and B. A. Wandell, “Perceived speed of colored stimuli,” Neuron 24, 893–899 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

B. B. Lee and C. F. Stroemyer, “Contribution of human short-wave cones to luminance and motion detection,” J. Physiol. 413, 563–593 (1989).

1988 (1)

M. Livingstone and D. Hubel, “Segregation of form, color, movement, and depth: anatomy, physiology, and perception,” Science 240, 740–749 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

C. Noorlander, J. Koenderink, R. J. Den Ouden, and W. Edens, “Sensitivity to spatiotemporal colour contrast in the peripheral visual field,” Vis. Res. 23, 1–11 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

A. Treisman and G. Gelade, “A feature-integration theory of attention,” Cogn. Psychol. 12, 97–136 (1980).

1979 (1)

1978 (2)

V. S. Ramachandran and R. L. Gregory, “Does colour provide an input to human motion perception?” Nature 275, 55–56 (1978).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Zeki, “Functional specialization in the visual cortex of the rhesus monkey,” Nature 274, 423–428 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

Abramov, I.

Bartels, A.

K. Seymour, C. W. G. Clifford, N. K. Logothetis, and A. Bartels, “The coding of color, motion, and their conjunction in the human visual cortex,” Curr. Biol. 19, 177–183 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boynton, R. M.

Bumsted, K.

K. Bumsted and A. Hendrickson, “Distribution and development of short-wavelength cones different between Macaca monkey and human fovea,” J. Comp. Neurol. 403, 502–516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Calkins, D. J.

D. J. Calkins, “Seeing with S cones,” Prog. Retinal Eye Res. 20, 255–287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Callaway, E. M.

J. J. Nassi and E. M. Callaway, “Parallel processing strategies of the primate visual system,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 10, 360–372 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Chatterjee and E. M. Callaway, “S cone contributions to the magnocellular visual pathway in macaque monkey,” Neuron 35, 1135–1146 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cavanagh, P.

Chatterjee, S.

S. Chatterjee and E. M. Callaway, “S cone contributions to the magnocellular visual pathway in macaque monkey,” Neuron 35, 1135–1146 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Clifford, C. W. G.

K. Seymour, C. W. G. Clifford, N. K. Logothetis, and A. Bartels, “The coding of color, motion, and their conjunction in the human visual cortex,” Curr. Biol. 19, 177–183 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Den Ouden, R. J.

C. Noorlander, J. Koenderink, R. J. Den Ouden, and W. Edens, “Sensitivity to spatiotemporal colour contrast in the peripheral visual field,” Vis. Res. 23, 1–11 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Dougherty, R. F.

R. F. Dougherty, W. A. Press, and B. A. Wandell, “Perceived speed of colored stimuli,” Neuron 24, 893–899 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Edens, W.

C. Noorlander, J. Koenderink, R. J. Den Ouden, and W. Edens, “Sensitivity to spatiotemporal colour contrast in the peripheral visual field,” Vis. Res. 23, 1–11 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fang, F.

X. Zhang and F. Fang, “Misbinding of color and motion in human V2,” J. Vis. 12(9): 68 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Favreau, O. E.

Gelade, G.

A. Treisman and G. Gelade, “A feature-integration theory of attention,” Cogn. Psychol. 12, 97–136 (1980).

Gordon, J.

Gregory, R. L.

V. S. Ramachandran and R. L. Gregory, “Does colour provide an input to human motion perception?” Nature 275, 55–56 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hendrickson, A.

K. Bumsted and A. Hendrickson, “Distribution and development of short-wavelength cones different between Macaca monkey and human fovea,” J. Comp. Neurol. 403, 502–516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hoshiyama, M.

Y. Noguchi, S. Shimojo, R. Kakigi, and M. Hoshiyama, “An integration of color and motion information in visual scene analyses,” Psychol. Sci. 22, 153–158 (2011).

Hubel, D.

M. Livingstone and D. Hubel, “Segregation of form, color, movement, and depth: anatomy, physiology, and perception,” Science 240, 740–749 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kakigi, R.

Y. Noguchi, S. Shimojo, R. Kakigi, and M. Hoshiyama, “An integration of color and motion information in visual scene analyses,” Psychol. Sci. 22, 153–158 (2011).

Kanai, R.

D. A. Wu, R. Kanai, and S. Shimojo, “Vision: steady-state misbinding of colour and motion,” Nature 429, 262 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kirk, R. E.

R. E. Kirk, Experimental Design, 4th ed. (Sage, 2012).

Koenderink, J.

C. Noorlander, J. Koenderink, R. J. Den Ouden, and W. Edens, “Sensitivity to spatiotemporal colour contrast in the peripheral visual field,” Vis. Res. 23, 1–11 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. B.

B. B. Lee, “Visual pathways and psychophysical channels in the primate,” J. Physiol. 589, 41–47 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. B. Lee and C. F. Stroemyer, “Contribution of human short-wave cones to luminance and motion detection,” J. Physiol. 413, 563–593 (1989).

Lennie, P.

A. Roorda, A. B. Metha, P. Lennie, and D. R. Williams, “Packing arrangement of the three cone classes in primate retina,” Vis. Res. 41, 1291–1306 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Livingstone, M.

M. Livingstone and D. Hubel, “Segregation of form, color, movement, and depth: anatomy, physiology, and perception,” Science 240, 740–749 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Logothetis, N. K.

K. Seymour, C. W. G. Clifford, N. K. Logothetis, and A. Bartels, “The coding of color, motion, and their conjunction in the human visual cortex,” Curr. Biol. 19, 177–183 (2009).
[CrossRef]

MacLeod, D. I.

Metha, A. B.

A. Roorda, A. B. Metha, P. Lennie, and D. R. Williams, “Packing arrangement of the three cone classes in primate retina,” Vis. Res. 41, 1291–1306 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nassi, J. J.

J. J. Nassi and E. M. Callaway, “Parallel processing strategies of the primate visual system,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 10, 360–372 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Noguchi, Y.

Y. Noguchi, S. Shimojo, R. Kakigi, and M. Hoshiyama, “An integration of color and motion information in visual scene analyses,” Psychol. Sci. 22, 153–158 (2011).

Noorlander, C.

C. Noorlander, J. Koenderink, R. J. Den Ouden, and W. Edens, “Sensitivity to spatiotemporal colour contrast in the peripheral visual field,” Vis. Res. 23, 1–11 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Press, W. A.

R. F. Dougherty, W. A. Press, and B. A. Wandell, “Perceived speed of colored stimuli,” Neuron 24, 893–899 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Quinlan, P. T.

P. T. Quinlan, “Visual feature integration theory: past, present and future,” Psychol. Bull. 129, 643–673 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ramachandran, V. S.

V. S. Ramachandran and R. L. Gregory, “Does colour provide an input to human motion perception?” Nature 275, 55–56 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Roorda, A.

A. Roorda, A. B. Metha, P. Lennie, and D. R. Williams, “Packing arrangement of the three cone classes in primate retina,” Vis. Res. 41, 1291–1306 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Roorda and D. R. Williams, “The arrangement of the three cone classes in the living human eye,” Nature 397, 520–522 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Seymour, K.

K. Seymour, C. W. G. Clifford, N. K. Logothetis, and A. Bartels, “The coding of color, motion, and their conjunction in the human visual cortex,” Curr. Biol. 19, 177–183 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shimojo, S.

Y. Noguchi, S. Shimojo, R. Kakigi, and M. Hoshiyama, “An integration of color and motion information in visual scene analyses,” Psychol. Sci. 22, 153–158 (2011).

D. A. Wu, R. Kanai, and S. Shimojo, “Vision: steady-state misbinding of colour and motion,” Nature 429, 262 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stroemyer, C. F.

B. B. Lee and C. F. Stroemyer, “Contribution of human short-wave cones to luminance and motion detection,” J. Physiol. 413, 563–593 (1989).

Sun, Y.

Y. Sun, “On feature misbinding of color and motion,” Ph.D. dissertation (The University of Chicago, 2011).

Treisman, A.

A. Treisman and G. Gelade, “A feature-integration theory of attention,” Cogn. Psychol. 12, 97–136 (1980).

Tyler, C. W.

Wandell, B. A.

R. F. Dougherty, W. A. Press, and B. A. Wandell, “Perceived speed of colored stimuli,” Neuron 24, 893–899 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D. R.

A. Roorda, A. B. Metha, P. Lennie, and D. R. Williams, “Packing arrangement of the three cone classes in primate retina,” Vis. Res. 41, 1291–1306 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Roorda and D. R. Williams, “The arrangement of the three cone classes in the living human eye,” Nature 397, 520–522 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D. A.

D. A. Wu, R. Kanai, and S. Shimojo, “Vision: steady-state misbinding of colour and motion,” Nature 429, 262 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zeki, S. M.

S. M. Zeki, “Functional specialization in the visual cortex of the rhesus monkey,” Nature 274, 423–428 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang and F. Fang, “Misbinding of color and motion in human V2,” J. Vis. 12(9): 68 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cogn. Psychol. (1)

A. Treisman and G. Gelade, “A feature-integration theory of attention,” Cogn. Psychol. 12, 97–136 (1980).

Curr. Biol. (1)

K. Seymour, C. W. G. Clifford, N. K. Logothetis, and A. Bartels, “The coding of color, motion, and their conjunction in the human visual cortex,” Curr. Biol. 19, 177–183 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Comp. Neurol. (1)

K. Bumsted and A. Hendrickson, “Distribution and development of short-wavelength cones different between Macaca monkey and human fovea,” J. Comp. Neurol. 403, 502–516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Physiol. (2)

B. B. Lee, “Visual pathways and psychophysical channels in the primate,” J. Physiol. 589, 41–47 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. B. Lee and C. F. Stroemyer, “Contribution of human short-wave cones to luminance and motion detection,” J. Physiol. 413, 563–593 (1989).

J. Vis. (1)

X. Zhang and F. Fang, “Misbinding of color and motion in human V2,” J. Vis. 12(9): 68 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Rev. Neurosci. (1)

J. J. Nassi and E. M. Callaway, “Parallel processing strategies of the primate visual system,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 10, 360–372 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (4)

A. Roorda and D. R. Williams, “The arrangement of the three cone classes in the living human eye,” Nature 397, 520–522 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Wu, R. Kanai, and S. Shimojo, “Vision: steady-state misbinding of colour and motion,” Nature 429, 262 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Ramachandran and R. L. Gregory, “Does colour provide an input to human motion perception?” Nature 275, 55–56 (1978).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Zeki, “Functional specialization in the visual cortex of the rhesus monkey,” Nature 274, 423–428 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Neuron (2)

R. F. Dougherty, W. A. Press, and B. A. Wandell, “Perceived speed of colored stimuli,” Neuron 24, 893–899 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Chatterjee and E. M. Callaway, “S cone contributions to the magnocellular visual pathway in macaque monkey,” Neuron 35, 1135–1146 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Retinal Eye Res. (1)

D. J. Calkins, “Seeing with S cones,” Prog. Retinal Eye Res. 20, 255–287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Psychol. Bull. (1)

P. T. Quinlan, “Visual feature integration theory: past, present and future,” Psychol. Bull. 129, 643–673 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Psychol. Sci. (1)

Y. Noguchi, S. Shimojo, R. Kakigi, and M. Hoshiyama, “An integration of color and motion information in visual scene analyses,” Psychol. Sci. 22, 153–158 (2011).

Science (1)

M. Livingstone and D. Hubel, “Segregation of form, color, movement, and depth: anatomy, physiology, and perception,” Science 240, 740–749 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Vis. Res. (2)

A. Roorda, A. B. Metha, P. Lennie, and D. R. Williams, “Packing arrangement of the three cone classes in primate retina,” Vis. Res. 41, 1291–1306 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Noorlander, J. Koenderink, R. J. Den Ouden, and W. Edens, “Sensitivity to spatiotemporal colour contrast in the peripheral visual field,” Vis. Res. 23, 1–11 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Y. Sun, “On feature misbinding of color and motion,” Ph.D. dissertation (The University of Chicago, 2011).

R. E. Kirk, Experimental Design, 4th ed. (Sage, 2012).

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