Abstract

The physiology and anatomy of the primate visual pathway are reviewed from a historical perspective, especially in relation to color vision. From the work of the last decades, certain issues have been selected which remain unresolved and still pose a challenge for neurobiologists and psychophysicists. It is suggested that the structure of the primate visual pathway has been colored by the evolution of trichromacy and that many features of the parvocellular pathway represent adaptations to this end.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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