Abstract

In this paper, we present a new scheme of thermal ghost imaging: visible ghost imaging with nonvisible light, which can overcome the disadvantages of conventional thermal imaging. For the two light beams of the thermal ghost imaging, we use the nonvisible light (i.e., infrared light) as the object beam and the visible light as the reference beam. The ghost image obtained by the nonvisible light can be directly observed. The ghost imaging with nonvisible light produces a visible and colorful ghost image, which is better than the thermal-imaging technique in color and image quality. Since the ghost imaging comes from the intensity correlations, the ghost imaging effectively overcomes the effect of the interference light. We believe that this new ghost imaging may be developed into a new night-vision technique.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. W. C. Chan, M. N. O’Sullivan, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-color ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033808 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Q. Liu, K. Luo, X. Chen, and L. Wu, “High-order ghost imaging with N-colour thermal light,” Chin. Phys. B 19, 094211 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Karmakar and Y. Shih, “Two-color ghost imaging with enhanced angular resolving power,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033845 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Cheng and J. Lin, “Unified theory of thermal ghost imaging and ghost diffraction through turbulent atmosphere,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 043810 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. D. Hardy and J. H. Shapiro, “Reflective ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 063824 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. W. C. Chan, D. S. Simon, A. V. Sergienko, and N. D. Hardy, “Theoretical analysis of quantum ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 043807 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. B. Dixon, G. A. Howland, K. W. C. Chan, and C. O’Sullivan-Hale, “Quantum ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 051803(R) (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Shi, C. Fan, P. Zhang, and J. Zhang, “Adaptive optical ghost imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Opt. Express 20, 27992–27998 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Shi, C. Fan, P. Zhang, and H. Shen, “Two-wavelength ghost imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Opt. Express 21, 2050–2064 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Cheng, “Ghost imaging through turbulence atmosphere,” Opt. Express 17, 7916–7921 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Tian, Q. Guo, A. Wang, D. Xu, and L. Fu, “Fluorescence ghost imaging with pseudothermal light,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3302–3304 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Tanha, S. Ahmadi-Kandjani, R. Kheradmand, and H. Ghanbari, “Computational fluorescence ghost imaging,” Eur. Phys. J. D 67, 2 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. Gong and S. Han, “Correlated imaging in scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 36, 394–396 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Bina, D. Magatti, M. Molteni, A. Gatti, L. A. Lugiato, and F. Ferri, “Backscattering differential ghost imaging in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 083901 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Li, Y. Zhang, K. Luo, L. Wu, and H. Fan, “Time-correspondence differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 033813 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. D. Hardy, “Analyzing and improving image quality in reflective ghost imaging,” S. M. thesis (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2011).
  19. D. S. Simon and A. V. Sergienko, “Odd-order aberration cancellation in correlated-photon imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023819 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. F. Hess, L. T. Sharpe, and K. Nordby, Night Vision: Basic, Clinical and Applied Aspects (Cambridge University, 1990).
  21. M. Vollmer and K. Möllmann, Infrared Thermal Imaging: Fundamentals, Research and Applications (Wiley-VCH, 2010).
  22. D. Duan and Y. Xia, “Reflective ghost imaging with Gaussian state light,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 031102 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  23. C. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Bai, and B. Chen, “Ghost imaging for a reflected object with a rough surface,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063814 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light: comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Correlated imaging, quantum and classical,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013802 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  26. B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Unified theory of ghost imaging with Gaussian-state light,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043809 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  27. B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Signal-to-noise ratio of Gaussian-state ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023833(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  28. B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Ghost imaging: from quantum to classical to computational,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 2, 404–450 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  29. D. Duan, S. Du, and Y. Xia, “Multiwavelength ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 053842 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  30. F. W. Billmeyer and M. Saltzman, Principles of Color Technology, 2nd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 1981).
  31. D. Duan, S. Du, L. Yan, S. Jiang, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and Y. Xia, “Color of ghost imaging,” Eur. Phys. J. D 68, 11 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  32. D. Duan and Y. Xia, “Real-time pseudocolor coding thermal ghost imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 183–187 (2014).
    [CrossRef]

2014

D. Duan, S. Du, L. Yan, S. Jiang, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and Y. Xia, “Color of ghost imaging,” Eur. Phys. J. D 68, 11 (2014).
[CrossRef]

D. Duan and Y. Xia, “Real-time pseudocolor coding thermal ghost imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 183–187 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013

D. Duan, S. Du, and Y. Xia, “Multiwavelength ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 053842 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, Y. Zhang, K. Luo, L. Wu, and H. Fan, “Time-correspondence differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 033813 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Cheng and J. Lin, “Unified theory of thermal ghost imaging and ghost diffraction through turbulent atmosphere,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 043810 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Shi, C. Fan, P. Zhang, and H. Shen, “Two-wavelength ghost imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Opt. Express 21, 2050–2064 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Tanha, S. Ahmadi-Kandjani, R. Kheradmand, and H. Ghanbari, “Computational fluorescence ghost imaging,” Eur. Phys. J. D 67, 2 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Bina, D. Magatti, M. Molteni, A. Gatti, L. A. Lugiato, and F. Ferri, “Backscattering differential ghost imaging in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 083901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

2011

N. Tian, Q. Guo, A. Wang, D. Xu, and L. Fu, “Fluorescence ghost imaging with pseudothermal light,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3302–3304 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Gong and S. Han, “Correlated imaging in scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 36, 394–396 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. D. Hardy and J. H. Shapiro, “Reflective ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 063824 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. W. C. Chan, D. S. Simon, A. V. Sergienko, and N. D. Hardy, “Theoretical analysis of quantum ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 043807 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Dixon, G. A. Howland, K. W. C. Chan, and C. O’Sullivan-Hale, “Quantum ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 051803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

Q. Liu, K. Luo, X. Chen, and L. Wu, “High-order ghost imaging with N-colour thermal light,” Chin. Phys. B 19, 094211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Karmakar and Y. Shih, “Two-color ghost imaging with enhanced angular resolving power,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033845 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Bai, and B. Chen, “Ghost imaging for a reflected object with a rough surface,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063814 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Simon and A. V. Sergienko, “Odd-order aberration cancellation in correlated-photon imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Ghost imaging: from quantum to classical to computational,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 2, 404–450 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Signal-to-noise ratio of Gaussian-state ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023833(2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Cheng, “Ghost imaging through turbulence atmosphere,” Opt. Express 17, 7916–7921 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. W. C. Chan, M. N. O’Sullivan, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-color ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033808 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Unified theory of ghost imaging with Gaussian-state light,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light: comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Correlated imaging, quantum and classical,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1995

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ahmadi-Kandjani, S.

M. Tanha, S. Ahmadi-Kandjani, R. Kheradmand, and H. Ghanbari, “Computational fluorescence ghost imaging,” Eur. Phys. J. D 67, 2 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bache, M.

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light: comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Correlated imaging, quantum and classical,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Y.

C. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Bai, and B. Chen, “Ghost imaging for a reflected object with a rough surface,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063814 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Billmeyer, F. W.

F. W. Billmeyer and M. Saltzman, Principles of Color Technology, 2nd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 1981).

Bina, M.

M. Bina, D. Magatti, M. Molteni, A. Gatti, L. A. Lugiato, and F. Ferri, “Backscattering differential ghost imaging in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 083901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

K. W. C. Chan, M. N. O’Sullivan, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-color ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033808 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, E.

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light: comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Correlated imaging, quantum and classical,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K. W. C.

K. W. C. Chan, D. S. Simon, A. V. Sergienko, and N. D. Hardy, “Theoretical analysis of quantum ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 043807 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Dixon, G. A. Howland, K. W. C. Chan, and C. O’Sullivan-Hale, “Quantum ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 051803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. W. C. Chan, M. N. O’Sullivan, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-color ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033808 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

C. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Bai, and B. Chen, “Ghost imaging for a reflected object with a rough surface,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063814 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Q. Liu, K. Luo, X. Chen, and L. Wu, “High-order ghost imaging with N-colour thermal light,” Chin. Phys. B 19, 094211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, J.

J. Cheng and J. Lin, “Unified theory of thermal ghost imaging and ghost diffraction through turbulent atmosphere,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 043810 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Cheng, “Ghost imaging through turbulence atmosphere,” Opt. Express 17, 7916–7921 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dixon, P. B.

P. B. Dixon, G. A. Howland, K. W. C. Chan, and C. O’Sullivan-Hale, “Quantum ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 051803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Du, S.

D. Duan, S. Du, L. Yan, S. Jiang, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and Y. Xia, “Color of ghost imaging,” Eur. Phys. J. D 68, 11 (2014).
[CrossRef]

D. Duan, S. Du, and Y. Xia, “Multiwavelength ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 053842 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Duan, D.

D. Duan and Y. Xia, “Real-time pseudocolor coding thermal ghost imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 183–187 (2014).
[CrossRef]

D. Duan, S. Du, L. Yan, S. Jiang, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and Y. Xia, “Color of ghost imaging,” Eur. Phys. J. D 68, 11 (2014).
[CrossRef]

D. Duan, S. Du, and Y. Xia, “Multiwavelength ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 053842 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Duan and Y. Xia, “Reflective ghost imaging with Gaussian state light,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 031102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Erkmen, B. I.

B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Ghost imaging: from quantum to classical to computational,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 2, 404–450 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Signal-to-noise ratio of Gaussian-state ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023833(2009).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Unified theory of ghost imaging with Gaussian-state light,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, C.

Fan, H.

M. Li, Y. Zhang, K. Luo, L. Wu, and H. Fan, “Time-correspondence differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 033813 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ferri, F.

M. Bina, D. Magatti, M. Molteni, A. Gatti, L. A. Lugiato, and F. Ferri, “Backscattering differential ghost imaging in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 083901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

Gatti, A.

M. Bina, D. Magatti, M. Molteni, A. Gatti, L. A. Lugiato, and F. Ferri, “Backscattering differential ghost imaging in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 083901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light: comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Correlated imaging, quantum and classical,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ghanbari, H.

M. Tanha, S. Ahmadi-Kandjani, R. Kheradmand, and H. Ghanbari, “Computational fluorescence ghost imaging,” Eur. Phys. J. D 67, 2 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gong, W.

Guo, Q.

Han, S.

Hardy, H. D.

H. D. Hardy, “Analyzing and improving image quality in reflective ghost imaging,” S. M. thesis (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2011).

Hardy, N. D.

K. W. C. Chan, D. S. Simon, A. V. Sergienko, and N. D. Hardy, “Theoretical analysis of quantum ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 043807 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. D. Hardy and J. H. Shapiro, “Reflective ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 063824 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hess, R. F.

R. F. Hess, L. T. Sharpe, and K. Nordby, Night Vision: Basic, Clinical and Applied Aspects (Cambridge University, 1990).

Howland, G. A.

P. B. Dixon, G. A. Howland, K. W. C. Chan, and C. O’Sullivan-Hale, “Quantum ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 051803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

D. Duan, S. Du, L. Yan, S. Jiang, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and Y. Xia, “Color of ghost imaging,” Eur. Phys. J. D 68, 11 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Karmakar, S.

S. Karmakar and Y. Shih, “Two-color ghost imaging with enhanced angular resolving power,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033845 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kheradmand, R.

M. Tanha, S. Ahmadi-Kandjani, R. Kheradmand, and H. Ghanbari, “Computational fluorescence ghost imaging,” Eur. Phys. J. D 67, 2 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

M. Li, Y. Zhang, K. Luo, L. Wu, and H. Fan, “Time-correspondence differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 033813 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

J. Cheng and J. Lin, “Unified theory of thermal ghost imaging and ghost diffraction through turbulent atmosphere,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 043810 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Q. Liu, K. Luo, X. Chen, and L. Wu, “High-order ghost imaging with N-colour thermal light,” Chin. Phys. B 19, 094211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

D. Duan, S. Du, L. Yan, S. Jiang, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and Y. Xia, “Color of ghost imaging,” Eur. Phys. J. D 68, 11 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Lugiato, L. A.

M. Bina, D. Magatti, M. Molteni, A. Gatti, L. A. Lugiato, and F. Ferri, “Backscattering differential ghost imaging in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 083901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light: comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Correlated imaging, quantum and classical,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luo, K.

M. Li, Y. Zhang, K. Luo, L. Wu, and H. Fan, “Time-correspondence differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 033813 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, K. Luo, X. Chen, and L. Wu, “High-order ghost imaging with N-colour thermal light,” Chin. Phys. B 19, 094211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Magatti, D.

M. Bina, D. Magatti, M. Molteni, A. Gatti, L. A. Lugiato, and F. Ferri, “Backscattering differential ghost imaging in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 083901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Möllmann, K.

M. Vollmer and K. Möllmann, Infrared Thermal Imaging: Fundamentals, Research and Applications (Wiley-VCH, 2010).

Molteni, M.

M. Bina, D. Magatti, M. Molteni, A. Gatti, L. A. Lugiato, and F. Ferri, “Backscattering differential ghost imaging in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 083901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nordby, K.

R. F. Hess, L. T. Sharpe, and K. Nordby, Night Vision: Basic, Clinical and Applied Aspects (Cambridge University, 1990).

O’Sullivan, M. N.

K. W. C. Chan, M. N. O’Sullivan, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-color ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033808 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O’Sullivan-Hale, C.

P. B. Dixon, G. A. Howland, K. W. C. Chan, and C. O’Sullivan-Hale, “Quantum ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 051803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, T. B.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Saltzman, M.

F. W. Billmeyer and M. Saltzman, Principles of Color Technology, 2nd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 1981).

Sergienko, A. V.

K. W. C. Chan, D. S. Simon, A. V. Sergienko, and N. D. Hardy, “Theoretical analysis of quantum ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 043807 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Simon and A. V. Sergienko, “Odd-order aberration cancellation in correlated-photon imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, J. H.

N. D. Hardy and J. H. Shapiro, “Reflective ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 063824 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Ghost imaging: from quantum to classical to computational,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 2, 404–450 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Signal-to-noise ratio of Gaussian-state ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023833(2009).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Unified theory of ghost imaging with Gaussian-state light,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sharpe, L. T.

R. F. Hess, L. T. Sharpe, and K. Nordby, Night Vision: Basic, Clinical and Applied Aspects (Cambridge University, 1990).

Shen, H.

Shi, D.

Shih, Y.

S. Karmakar and Y. Shih, “Two-color ghost imaging with enhanced angular resolving power,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033845 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shih, Y. H.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Simon, D. S.

K. W. C. Chan, D. S. Simon, A. V. Sergienko, and N. D. Hardy, “Theoretical analysis of quantum ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 043807 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Simon and A. V. Sergienko, “Odd-order aberration cancellation in correlated-photon imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Strekalov, D. V.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tanha, M.

M. Tanha, S. Ahmadi-Kandjani, R. Kheradmand, and H. Ghanbari, “Computational fluorescence ghost imaging,” Eur. Phys. J. D 67, 2 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tian, N.

Vollmer, M.

M. Vollmer and K. Möllmann, Infrared Thermal Imaging: Fundamentals, Research and Applications (Wiley-VCH, 2010).

Wang, A.

Wang, C.

C. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Bai, and B. Chen, “Ghost imaging for a reflected object with a rough surface,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063814 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L.

M. Li, Y. Zhang, K. Luo, L. Wu, and H. Fan, “Time-correspondence differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 033813 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, K. Luo, X. Chen, and L. Wu, “High-order ghost imaging with N-colour thermal light,” Chin. Phys. B 19, 094211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y.

D. Duan, S. Du, L. Yan, S. Jiang, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and Y. Xia, “Color of ghost imaging,” Eur. Phys. J. D 68, 11 (2014).
[CrossRef]

D. Duan and Y. Xia, “Real-time pseudocolor coding thermal ghost imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 183–187 (2014).
[CrossRef]

D. Duan, S. Du, and Y. Xia, “Multiwavelength ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 053842 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Duan and Y. Xia, “Reflective ghost imaging with Gaussian state light,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 031102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D.

Yan, L.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Setup for visible ghost imaging with nonvisible light. The two light beams are the object beam (red) that uses the nonvisible light (i.e., near-infrared light), and the reference beam (green) that uses the visible light. SLMS, spatial light modulating system; DM, dichroic mirror.

Equations (17)

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C(x⃗o,x⃗r,t)δI1(x⃗r,t)δI2(x⃗o,t),
C(x⃗o,x⃗r,t)=I1(x⃗r,t)I2(x⃗o,t)I1(x⃗r,t)I2(x⃗o,t),
I1(x⃗r,t)I2(x⃗o,t)=E1(x⃗r,t)E1(x⃗r,t)E2(x⃗o,t)E2(x⃗o,t).
[Ei(x⃗r,t),El(x⃗o,t)]=δi,lδ(x⃗rx⃗o)δ(t1t2),
I1(x⃗r,t)I2(x⃗o,t)=|E1(x⃗r,t)E2(x⃗o,t)|2.
C(x⃗o,x⃗r,t)=|E1(x⃗r,t)E2(x⃗o,t)|2.
E1(x⃗r,t)=Er(x⃗r,t)Hr(x⃗r,q⃗r,ωr),E2(x⃗o,t)=Eo(x⃗o,t)Ho(x⃗o,q⃗o,ωo)T(x⃗o),
Ea(x⃗a,t)=dωadq⃗aeiωatV(q⃗a)ε(ωa),
C(x⃗o,x⃗r,t)=|dωodωrdq⃗odq⃗rHo(x⃗o,q⃗o,ωo)Hr(x⃗r,q⃗r,ωr)×eiωoteiωrtEr(x⃗r,t)Eo(x⃗o,t)T(x⃗o)|2.
|Er(x⃗r,t)Eo(x⃗o,t)|2=V*(q⃗o)V(q⃗r)V(q⃗o)V*(q⃗r)×ε*(ωo)ε(ωo)ε*(ωr)ε(ωr).
C(x⃗o,x⃗r)=B|dx⃗odx⃗rW(x⃗o,x⃗r)×Ho(x⃗o,x⃗o,Ωo)Hr*(x⃗r,x⃗r,Ωr)T(x⃗o)|2,
E1(x⃗r,t)=E11(x⃗r,t)+E12(x⃗r,t);E2(x⃗o,t)=E21(x⃗o,t)+E22(x⃗o,t).
C(x⃗o,x⃗r)=|E11(x⃗r,t)E21(x⃗o,t)|2+|E11(x⃗r,t)E22(x⃗o,t)|2+|E12(x⃗r,t)E21(x⃗o,t)|2+|E12(x⃗r,t)E22(x⃗o,t)|2=C1(x⃗o,x⃗r)+C2(x⃗o,x⃗r)+C3(x⃗o,x⃗r)+C4(x⃗o,x⃗r).
C(x⃗o,x⃗r)=C1(x⃗o,x⃗r)+C2(x⃗o,x⃗r)+C3(x⃗o,x⃗r)+C4(x⃗o,x⃗r)=B1|dx⃗odx⃗rW(x⃗o,x⃗r)Ho(x⃗o,x⃗o;Ωo1)Hr*(x⃗r,x⃗r;Ωr1)|2+B2|dx⃗odx⃗rW(x⃗o,x⃗r)Ho(x⃗o,x⃗o;Ωo1)Hr*(x⃗r,x⃗r;Ωr2)|2+B3|dx⃗odx⃗rW(x⃗o,x⃗r)Ho(x⃗o,x⃗o;Ωo2)Hr*(x⃗r,x⃗r;Ωr1)|2+B4|dx⃗odx⃗rW(x⃗o,x⃗r)Ho(x⃗o,x⃗o;Ωo2)Hr*(x⃗r,x⃗r;Ωr2)|2.
E2(x⃗o,t)=dωdq⃗eiωtV(q⃗)ε(ω)Ho(x⃗o,q⃗o;t)T(x⃗o).
C(x⃗o,x⃗R)=|E1(x⃗r,t)|2(|E2(x⃗o,t)|2+|E2(x⃗o,t)|2)|E1(x⃗r,t)|2|E2(x⃗o,t)|2+|E2(x⃗o,t)|2=|E1(x⃗r,t)|2|E2(x⃗o,t)|2|E1(x⃗r,t)|2|E2(x⃗o,t)|2+|E1(x⃗r,t)|2|E2(x⃗o,t)|2|E1(x⃗r,t)|2|E2(x⃗o,t)|2.
C(x⃗o,x⃗r)=B|dx⃗odx⃗rW(x⃗o,x⃗r)×Ho(x⃗o,x⃗o,Ωo)Hr*(x⃗r,x⃗r,Ωr)T(x⃗o)|2+C,

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