In many remote sensing applications one or multiple Fabry–Perot etalons are used as high-spectral-resolution filter elements. These etalons are often coupled to a receiving telescope with a multimode fiber, leading to subtle effects of the fiber mode order on the overall spectral response of the system. A theoretical model is developed to treat the spectral response of the combined system: fiber, collimator, and etalon. The method is based on a closed-form expression of the diffracted mode in terms of a Hankel transform. In this representation, it is shown how the spectral effect of the fiber and collimator can be separated from the details of the etalon and can be viewed as a mode-dependent spectral broadening and shift.
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