Abstract

Fundamental core-mode cutoff and evanescent field are considered for an eccentric core optical fiber (ECOF). A method has been proposed to calculate the core-mode cutoff by solving the eigenvalue equations of an ECOF. Using conformal mapping, the asymmetric geometrical structure can be transformed into a simple, easily solved axisymmetric optical fiber with three layers. The variation of the fundamental core-mode cut-off frequency (Vc) is also calculated with different eccentric distances, wavelengths, core radii, and coating refractive indices. The fractional power of evanescent fields for ECOF is also calculated with the eccentric distances and coating refractive indices. These calculations are necessary to design the structural parameters of an ECOF for long-distance, single-mode distributed evanescent field absorption sensors.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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