Abstract

Based on vectorial diffraction theory, tight focusing properties of quasi-cylindrical polarized beams (QCPBs) composed of equal fan-shaped sectors with linear polarization are investigated. We find that, for quasi-radially polarized illumination, a weak azimuthal component emerges and the circular symmetry of focus is traded in when the total number of sector N is small, but when N8 it is approaching that of a perfect radially polarized beam with a deviation smaller than 5.3% and a ratio of maximum total intensity larger than 95.5%. Meanwhile, for quasi-azimuthal polarized illumination, although weak radial and longitudinal components emerge, it is also close to that of the perfect azimuthally polarized beam when N8 with deviation smaller than 5.3% and a ratio larger than 95.0%. These results not only reveal a deep understanding of the focusing properties of QCPBs, but also provide an important contribution toward optimization of the monolithic methods for generating vector beams.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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