J. Mukherjee, P. Roblin, and S. Akhtar, “An analytic circuit-based model for white and flicker phase noise in LC oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I 54, 1584–1598 (2007).

[CrossRef]

W. M. Zhou and G. Blasche, “Injection-locked dual opto-electronic oscillator with ultra-low phase noise and ultra-low spurious level,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 929–933 (2005).

[CrossRef]

E. Levy, M. Horowitz, O. Okusaga, C. Menyuk, G. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “Study of dual-loop optoelectronic oscillators,” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 505–507.

C. R. Menyuk, E. C. Levy, O. Okusaga, M. Horowitz, G. M. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “An analytical model of the dual-injection-locked opto-electronic oscillator (DIL-OEO),” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 870–874.

K. H. Lee, J. Y. Kim, and W. Y. Choi, “Injection-locked hybrid optoelectronic oscillators for single-mode oscillation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1645–1647 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Hong, C. Yang, X. H. Li, Y. H. Chong, and H. D. Xu, “The impact of the photodiode on the nonlinearity of microwave photonic links,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2325–2327 (2011).

[CrossRef]

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, X. X. Zhao, D. Parekh, and J. Connie, “Optically injection-locked optoelectronic oscillators with low RF threshold gain,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2007), paper CWI5.

G. J. Dick and D. Santiago, “Microwave frequency discriminator with a cryogenic sapphire resonator for ultra-low phase noise,” in IEEE Symposium on Frequency Control Proceedings (IEEE, 1992), pp. 176–182.

D. Eliyahu and L. Maleki, “Low phase noise and spurious level in multi-loop opto-electronic oscillators,” in Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2003), pp. 405–410.

J. Hong and C. Yang, “Effects of the biasing voltage of modulator on the phase noise of opto-electronic oscillator,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 54, 689–692 (2012).

[CrossRef]

J. Hong, C. Yang, X. H. Li, Y. H. Chong, and H. D. Xu, “The impact of the photodiode on the nonlinearity of microwave photonic links,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2325–2327 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Hong and C. Yang, “Oscillation power of opto-electronic oscillator limited by nonlinearities of Mach–Zehnder modulator and microwave amplifier,” in IEEE International Topic Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2011), pp. 77–80.

C. R. Menyuk, E. C. Levy, O. Okusaga, M. Horowitz, G. M. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “An analytical model of the dual-injection-locked opto-electronic oscillator (DIL-OEO),” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 870–874.

E. Levy, M. Horowitz, O. Okusaga, C. Menyuk, G. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “Study of dual-loop optoelectronic oscillators,” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 505–507.

E. Rubiola, E. Salik, S. Huang, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, “The photonic delay technique for phase noise measurement of microwave oscillators,” in IEEE International Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control Conference, Montreal, Canada, Session FC1H-5 (2004).

K. H. Lee, J. Y. Kim, and W. Y. Choi, “Injection-locked hybrid optoelectronic oscillators for single-mode oscillation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1645–1647 (2008).

[CrossRef]

A. L. Lance, D. S. Wendell, and F. Labaar, “Phase noise and AM noise measurements in the frequency domain,” Infrared and Millimeter Waves (Academic, 1984), Vol. 11, pp. 239–289.

A. L. Lance, D. S. Wendell, and F. Labaar, “Phase noise and AM noise measurements in the frequency domain,” Infrared and Millimeter Waves (Academic, 1984), Vol. 11, pp. 239–289.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, X. X. Zhao, D. Parekh, and J. Connie, “Optically injection-locked optoelectronic oscillators with low RF threshold gain,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2007), paper CWI5.

Z. F. Zhang and J. Lau, “Experimental study on MOSFET’s flicker noise under switching conditions and modelling in RF applications,” in IEEE Conference on Custom Integrated Circuits (IEEE, 2001), pp. 393–396.

K. H. Lee, J. Y. Kim, and W. Y. Choi, “Injection-locked hybrid optoelectronic oscillators for single-mode oscillation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1645–1647 (2008).

[CrossRef]

O. Okusaga, W. M. Zhou, and E. Levy, “Experimental and simulation study of dual injection-locked OEOs,” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 875–879.

E. Levy, M. Horowitz, O. Okusaga, C. Menyuk, G. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “Study of dual-loop optoelectronic oscillators,” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 505–507.

C. R. Menyuk, E. C. Levy, O. Okusaga, M. Horowitz, G. M. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “An analytical model of the dual-injection-locked opto-electronic oscillator (DIL-OEO),” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 870–874.

J. Hong, C. Yang, X. H. Li, Y. H. Chong, and H. D. Xu, “The impact of the photodiode on the nonlinearity of microwave photonic links,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2325–2327 (2011).

[CrossRef]

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “Multiloop optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 79–84 (2000).

[CrossRef]

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “Optoelectronic microwave oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1725–1735 (1996).

[CrossRef]

D. Eliyahu and L. Maleki, “Low phase noise and spurious level in multi-loop opto-electronic oscillators,” in Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2003), pp. 405–410.

E. Rubiola, E. Salik, S. Huang, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, “The photonic delay technique for phase noise measurement of microwave oscillators,” in IEEE International Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control Conference, Montreal, Canada, Session FC1H-5 (2004).

E. Levy, M. Horowitz, O. Okusaga, C. Menyuk, G. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “Study of dual-loop optoelectronic oscillators,” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 505–507.

C. R. Menyuk, E. C. Levy, O. Okusaga, M. Horowitz, G. M. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “An analytical model of the dual-injection-locked opto-electronic oscillator (DIL-OEO),” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 870–874.

J. Mukherjee, P. Roblin, and S. Akhtar, “An analytic circuit-based model for white and flicker phase noise in LC oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I 54, 1584–1598 (2007).

[CrossRef]

O. Okusaga, W. M. Zhou, and E. Levy, “Experimental and simulation study of dual injection-locked OEOs,” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 875–879.

C. R. Menyuk, E. C. Levy, O. Okusaga, M. Horowitz, G. M. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “An analytical model of the dual-injection-locked opto-electronic oscillator (DIL-OEO),” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 870–874.

E. Levy, M. Horowitz, O. Okusaga, C. Menyuk, G. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “Study of dual-loop optoelectronic oscillators,” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 505–507.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, X. X. Zhao, D. Parekh, and J. Connie, “Optically injection-locked optoelectronic oscillators with low RF threshold gain,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2007), paper CWI5.

J. Mukherjee, P. Roblin, and S. Akhtar, “An analytic circuit-based model for white and flicker phase noise in LC oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I 54, 1584–1598 (2007).

[CrossRef]

E. Rubiola, Phase Noise and Frequency Stability in Oscillator (Cambridge University, 2009).

E. Rubiola, E. Salik, S. Huang, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, “The photonic delay technique for phase noise measurement of microwave oscillators,” in IEEE International Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control Conference, Montreal, Canada, Session FC1H-5 (2004).

E. Rubiola, E. Salik, S. Huang, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, “The photonic delay technique for phase noise measurement of microwave oscillators,” in IEEE International Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control Conference, Montreal, Canada, Session FC1H-5 (2004).

G. J. Dick and D. Santiago, “Microwave frequency discriminator with a cryogenic sapphire resonator for ultra-low phase noise,” in IEEE Symposium on Frequency Control Proceedings (IEEE, 1992), pp. 176–182.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, X. X. Zhao, D. Parekh, and J. Connie, “Optically injection-locked optoelectronic oscillators with low RF threshold gain,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2007), paper CWI5.

A. L. Lance, D. S. Wendell, and F. Labaar, “Phase noise and AM noise measurements in the frequency domain,” Infrared and Millimeter Waves (Academic, 1984), Vol. 11, pp. 239–289.

J. Hong, C. Yang, X. H. Li, Y. H. Chong, and H. D. Xu, “The impact of the photodiode on the nonlinearity of microwave photonic links,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2325–2327 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Hong and C. Yang, “Effects of the biasing voltage of modulator on the phase noise of opto-electronic oscillator,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 54, 689–692 (2012).

[CrossRef]

J. Hong, C. Yang, X. H. Li, Y. H. Chong, and H. D. Xu, “The impact of the photodiode on the nonlinearity of microwave photonic links,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2325–2327 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Hong and C. Yang, “Oscillation power of opto-electronic oscillator limited by nonlinearities of Mach–Zehnder modulator and microwave amplifier,” in IEEE International Topic Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2011), pp. 77–80.

E. Rubiola, E. Salik, S. Huang, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, “The photonic delay technique for phase noise measurement of microwave oscillators,” in IEEE International Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control Conference, Montreal, Canada, Session FC1H-5 (2004).

Z. F. Zhang and J. Lau, “Experimental study on MOSFET’s flicker noise under switching conditions and modelling in RF applications,” in IEEE Conference on Custom Integrated Circuits (IEEE, 2001), pp. 393–396.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, X. X. Zhao, D. Parekh, and J. Connie, “Optically injection-locked optoelectronic oscillators with low RF threshold gain,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2007), paper CWI5.

W. M. Zhou and G. Blasche, “Injection-locked dual opto-electronic oscillator with ultra-low phase noise and ultra-low spurious level,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 929–933 (2005).

[CrossRef]

E. Levy, M. Horowitz, O. Okusaga, C. Menyuk, G. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “Study of dual-loop optoelectronic oscillators,” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 505–507.

C. R. Menyuk, E. C. Levy, O. Okusaga, M. Horowitz, G. M. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “An analytical model of the dual-injection-locked opto-electronic oscillator (DIL-OEO),” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 870–874.

O. Okusaga, W. M. Zhou, and E. Levy, “Experimental and simulation study of dual injection-locked OEOs,” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 875–879.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “Multiloop optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 79–84 (2000).

[CrossRef]

K. H. Lee, J. Y. Kim, and W. Y. Choi, “Injection-locked hybrid optoelectronic oscillators for single-mode oscillation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1645–1647 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Mukherjee, P. Roblin, and S. Akhtar, “An analytic circuit-based model for white and flicker phase noise in LC oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I 54, 1584–1598 (2007).

[CrossRef]

W. M. Zhou and G. Blasche, “Injection-locked dual opto-electronic oscillator with ultra-low phase noise and ultra-low spurious level,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 929–933 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. Hong, C. Yang, X. H. Li, Y. H. Chong, and H. D. Xu, “The impact of the photodiode on the nonlinearity of microwave photonic links,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2325–2327 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Hong and C. Yang, “Effects of the biasing voltage of modulator on the phase noise of opto-electronic oscillator,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 54, 689–692 (2012).

[CrossRef]

J. Hong and C. Yang, “Oscillation power of opto-electronic oscillator limited by nonlinearities of Mach–Zehnder modulator and microwave amplifier,” in IEEE International Topic Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2011), pp. 77–80.

G. J. Dick and D. Santiago, “Microwave frequency discriminator with a cryogenic sapphire resonator for ultra-low phase noise,” in IEEE Symposium on Frequency Control Proceedings (IEEE, 1992), pp. 176–182.

D. Eliyahu and L. Maleki, “Low phase noise and spurious level in multi-loop opto-electronic oscillators,” in Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2003), pp. 405–410.

A. L. Lance, D. S. Wendell, and F. Labaar, “Phase noise and AM noise measurements in the frequency domain,” Infrared and Millimeter Waves (Academic, 1984), Vol. 11, pp. 239–289.

E. Rubiola, E. Salik, S. Huang, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, “The photonic delay technique for phase noise measurement of microwave oscillators,” in IEEE International Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control Conference, Montreal, Canada, Session FC1H-5 (2004).

E. Rubiola, Phase Noise and Frequency Stability in Oscillator (Cambridge University, 2009).

Z. F. Zhang and J. Lau, “Experimental study on MOSFET’s flicker noise under switching conditions and modelling in RF applications,” in IEEE Conference on Custom Integrated Circuits (IEEE, 2001), pp. 393–396.

Agilent, http://www.home.agilent.com/ .

E. Levy, M. Horowitz, O. Okusaga, C. Menyuk, G. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “Study of dual-loop optoelectronic oscillators,” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 505–507.

C. R. Menyuk, E. C. Levy, O. Okusaga, M. Horowitz, G. M. Carter, and W. M. Zhou, “An analytical model of the dual-injection-locked opto-electronic oscillator (DIL-OEO),” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 870–874.

O. Okusaga, W. M. Zhou, and E. Levy, “Experimental and simulation study of dual injection-locked OEOs,” in Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2009), pp. 875–879.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, X. X. Zhao, D. Parekh, and J. Connie, “Optically injection-locked optoelectronic oscillators with low RF threshold gain,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2007), paper CWI5.