Abstract

Much is said in the literature about Gaussian beams. However, there is little in terms of a quantitative comparison between the propagation of uniform and Gaussian beams. Even when results for both types of beam are given, they appear in a normalized form in such a way that some of the quantitative difference between them is lost. In this paper we first consider an aberration-free beam and investigate the effect of Gaussian amplitude across the aperture on the focal-plane irradiance and encircled-power distributions. The axial irradiance of focused uniform and Gaussian beams is calculated, and the problem of optimum focusing is discussed. The results for a collimated beam are obtained as a limiting case of a focused beam. Next, we consider the problem of aberration balancing and compare the effects of primary aberrations on the two types of beam. Finally, the limiting case of weakly truncated Gaussian beams is discussed, and simple results are obtained for the irradiance distribution and the balanced aberrations.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (10)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (6)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (120)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription