The limitations of superresolving filters in imaging systems are investigated. The constraints on such filters in the nonscanning imaging mode are discussed. The possible advantages of such filters in confocal scanning imaging are highlighted. It is shown theoretically and verified experimentally that simply designed complex-amplitude filters can be used effectively to double the exit pupil of a confocal imaging system and thus improve resolution. Superresolution can be achieved with acceptable energy losses and manufacturing tolerances.
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