Abstract

Results from psychophysics and single-unit recordings suggest that color vision comprises multiple stages of processing. Postreceptoral channels appear to consist of both a stage of broadly tuned opponent channels that compare cone signals and a subsequent stage, which includes cells tuned to many different directions in color space. The chromatic visual evoked potential (crVEP) has demonstrated chromatic processing selective for cardinal axes of color space. However, crVEP evidence for higher-order color mechanisms is lacking. The present study aimed to assess the contribution of lower- and higher-order color mechanisms to the crVEP by using chromatic contrast adaptation. The results reveal the presence of mechanisms tuned to intermediate directions in color space in addition to those tuned to the fundamental cardinal axes.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  26. M. E. Schneck, E. Lee, B. F. Fortune, E. Switkes, M. A. Crognale, and A. J. Adam, “Spatio-chromatic VEPs in recovered optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis,” Color Vision Deficiencies XIII, Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1997), pp. 179–185.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  29. J. J. Brecelj, M. M. Štrucl, I. I. Zidar, and M. M. Tekavčič-Pompe, “Pattern ERG and VEP maturation in schoolchildren.” Clinical Neurophysiology 113, 1764–1770 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  30. M. A. Crognale, “Development, maturation, and aging of chromatic visual pathways: VEP results.” J. Vision 2, 438–450 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  31. M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, S. Chang, A. H. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of pattern visual evoked potentials: Longitudinal measurements in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 808–815 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  32. M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, A. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential (VEP): A longitudinal study.” Vision Res. 38, 3283–3292 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  33. J. W. Page and M. A. Crognale, “Differential aging of chromatic and achromatic visual pathways: behavior and electrophysiology.” Vision Res. 45, 1481–1489 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  34. M. Pompe, B. Kranjc, and J. Brecelj, “Visual evoked potentials to red-green stimulation in schoolchildren.” Vis. Neurosci. 23, 447–451 (2006).
  35. C. M. Suttle, S. J. Anderson, and F. A. Graham, “A longitudinal study of visual evoked responses to tritan stimuli in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 717–725 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  36. M. M. Tekavčič-Pompe, B. S. Kranjc, and J. J. Brecelj, “The study of chromatic and achromatic VEP in the first year of life,” Acta Ophthalm. 87, 0 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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  38. E. Switkes and M. A. Crognale, “Comparison of color and luminance contrast: apples versus oranges?,” Vision Res. 39, 1823–1831 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  39. T. Wachtler, T. J. Sejnowski, and T. D. Albright, “Representation of color stimuli in awake macaque primary visual cortex,” Neuron 37, 681–691 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  40. E. Goddard, D. J. Mannion, J. S. McDonald, S. G. Solomon, and C. W. G. Clifford, “Combination of subcortical color channels in human visual cortex,” J. Vision 10, 25 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  41. S. Zeki, “The representation of colours in the cerebral cortex,” Nature 284, 412–418 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  42. B. R. Conway, “Spatial structure of cone inputs to color cells in alert macaque primary visual cortex (V-1),” J. Neurosci. 21, 2768–2783 (2001).
  43. S. G. Solomon and P. L. Lennie, “Chromatic gain controls in visual cortical neurons.” J. Neurosci. 25, 4779–4792 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  44. J. Krauskopf and K. Gegenfurtner, “Color discrimination and adaptation,” Vision Res. 32, 2165–2175 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2010

E. Goddard, D. J. Mannion, J. S. McDonald, S. G. Solomon, and C. W. G. Clifford, “Combination of subcortical color channels in human visual cortex,” J. Vision 10, 25 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

H. Lim, Y. Wang, Y. Xiao, M. Hu, and D. J. Felleman, “Organization of hue selectivity in macaque V2 thin stripes,” J. Neurophysiol. 102, 2603–2615 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

C. Tailby, S. G. Solomon, N. T. Dhruv, and P. Lennie, “Habituation reveals fundamental chromatic mechanisms in striate cortex of macaque,” J. Neurosci. 28, 1131–1139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Matsumora, K. Koida, and H. Komatsu, “Relationship between color discrimination and neural responses in inferior temporal cortex of monkey,” J. Neurophysiol. 100, 3361–3374 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

M. Y. Boon, C. M. Suttle, and S. J. Dain, “Transient VEP and psychophysical chromatic contrast thresholds in children and adults.” Vision Res. 47, 2124–2133 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Ichiro, “Aftereffect of contrast adaptation to a chromatic notched-noise stimulus,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 1858–1872 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

M. Pompe, B. Kranjc, and J. Brecelj, “Visual evoked potentials to red-green stimulation in schoolchildren.” Vis. Neurosci. 23, 447–451 (2006).

2005

C. M. Suttle and R. Lloyd, “Chromatic and achromatic transient VEPs in adults with Down syndrome.” Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 25, 501–513 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Page and M. A. Crognale, “Differential aging of chromatic and achromatic visual pathways: behavior and electrophysiology.” Vision Res. 45, 1481–1489 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Solomon and P. L. Lennie, “Chromatic gain controls in visual cortical neurons.” J. Neurosci. 25, 4779–4792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. G. Solomon, J. W. Peirce, N. T. Dhruv, and P. Lennie, “Profound contrast adaptation early in the visual pathway,” Neuron 42, 155–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizokami and M. A. Webster, “Chromatic and contrast selectivity in color contrast adaptation,” Vis. Neurosci. 21, 359–363 (2004).

2003

C. Gerth, P. B. Delahunt, M. A. Crognale, and J. S. Werner, “Topography of the chromatic pattern-onset VEP,” J. Vision 3, 171–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Wachtler, T. J. Sejnowski, and T. D. Albright, “Representation of color stimuli in awake macaque primary visual cortex,” Neuron 37, 681–691 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J. J. Brecelj, M. M. Štrucl, I. I. Zidar, and M. M. Tekavčič-Pompe, “Pattern ERG and VEP maturation in schoolchildren.” Clinical Neurophysiology 113, 1764–1770 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, “Development, maturation, and aging of chromatic visual pathways: VEP results.” J. Vision 2, 438–450 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. A. Engel and C. S. Furmanski, “Selective adaptation to color contrast in human primary visual cortex,” J. Neurosci. 21, 3949–3954 (2001).

B. R. Conway, “Spatial structure of cone inputs to color cells in alert macaque primary visual cortex (V-1),” J. Neurosci. 21, 2768–2783 (2001).

2000

A. Hanazawa, H. Komatsu, and I. Murakami, “Neural selectivity for hue and saturation of colour in the primary visual cortex of the monkey,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 12, 1753–1763 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Accornero, B. Gregori, E. Galié, A. De Feo, and R. Agnesi, “A new color VEP procedure discloses asymptomatic visual impairments in optic neuritis and glaucoma suspects,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 102, 258–263 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

E. Switkes and M. A. Crognale, “Comparison of color and luminance contrast: apples versus oranges?,” Vision Res. 39, 1823–1831 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, A. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential (VEP): A longitudinal study.” Vision Res. 38, 3283–3292 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

C. M. Suttle, S. J. Anderson, and F. A. Graham, “A longitudinal study of visual evoked responses to tritan stimuli in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 717–725 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. Porciatti, E. Bartolo, M. Nardi, and A. Fiorentini, “Responses to chromatic and luminance contrast in glaucoma: a psychophysical and electrophysiological study,” Vision Res. 37, 1975–1987 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, S. Chang, A. H. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of pattern visual evoked potentials: Longitudinal measurements in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 808–815 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kiper, S. B. Fenstemaker, and K. R. Gegenfurtner, “Chromatic properties of neurons in macaque area V2,” Vis. Neurosci. 14, 1061–1072 (1997).

1994

J. Rabin, E. Switkes, M. A. Crognlae, M. E. Schneck, and A. J. Adams, “Visual evoked potentials in three-dimensional color space: correlates of spatiochromatic processing,” Vision Res. 34, 2657–2671 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “The influence of contrast adaptation on color appearance,” Vision Res. 34, 1993–2020 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “A multi-stage color model,” Vision Res. 33, 1053–1065 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, E. Switkes, J. Rabin, M. E. Schneck, G. Haegerström-Portnoy, and A. J. Adams, “Application of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential to detection of congenital and acquired color deficiencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 1818–1825 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

J. Krauskopf and K. Gegenfurtner, “Color discrimination and adaptation,” Vision Res. 32, 2165–2175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “Changes in colour appearance following post-receptoral adaptation,” Nature 349, 235–238 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

P. Lennie, J. Krauskopf, and G. Sclar, “Chromatic mechanisms in striate cortex of Macaque,” J. Neurosci. 10, 649–669 (1990).

1986

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, M. B. Mandler, and A. M. Brown, “Higher order color mechanisms,” Vision Res. 26, 23–32 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984

A. M. Derrington, J. Krauskopf, and P. Lenni, “Chromatic mechanisms in lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque,” J. Physiol. 357, 241–265 (1984).

1982

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, and D. W. Heely, “Cardinal directions of color space,” Vision Res. 22, 1123–1131 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980

S. Zeki, “The representation of colours in the cerebral cortex,” Nature 284, 412–418 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979

1966

Abramov, J.

Accornero, N.

N. Accornero, B. Gregori, E. Galié, A. De Feo, and R. Agnesi, “A new color VEP procedure discloses asymptomatic visual impairments in optic neuritis and glaucoma suspects,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 102, 258–263 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Adam, A. J.

M. E. Schneck, E. Lee, B. F. Fortune, E. Switkes, M. A. Crognale, and A. J. Adam, “Spatio-chromatic VEPs in recovered optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis,” Color Vision Deficiencies XIII, Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1997), pp. 179–185.

Adams, A. J.

J. Rabin, E. Switkes, M. A. Crognlae, M. E. Schneck, and A. J. Adams, “Visual evoked potentials in three-dimensional color space: correlates of spatiochromatic processing,” Vision Res. 34, 2657–2671 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, E. Switkes, J. Rabin, M. E. Schneck, G. Haegerström-Portnoy, and A. J. Adams, “Application of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential to detection of congenital and acquired color deficiencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 1818–1825 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Schneck, B. F. Fortune, M. A. Crognale, E. Switkes, and A. J. Adams, “Influence of blood glucose level on chromatic VEP’s in type I diabetes,” in Vision Science and its Applications, Vol. 1, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), pp. 38–42 (1996).

M. A. Crognale, J. Rabin, E. Switkes, and A. J. Adams, “Selective loss of S pathway sensitivity in central serous choroidopathy revealed by spatio-chromatic visual evoked cortical potentials (VECP),” Color Vision Deficiencies XI, Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1993), pp. 229–239.
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, R.

N. Accornero, B. Gregori, E. Galié, A. De Feo, and R. Agnesi, “A new color VEP procedure discloses asymptomatic visual impairments in optic neuritis and glaucoma suspects,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 102, 258–263 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Albright, T. D.

T. Wachtler, T. J. Sejnowski, and T. D. Albright, “Representation of color stimuli in awake macaque primary visual cortex,” Neuron 37, 681–691 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, S. J.

C. M. Suttle, S. J. Anderson, and F. A. Graham, “A longitudinal study of visual evoked responses to tritan stimuli in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 717–725 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Anstis, S.

S. Anstis and P. Cavanagh, “A minimum motion technique for judging equiluminance,” inColour Vision (J. D. Mollon and L. T. Sharp, eds.) (Academic, London, 1983) pp. 155–166.

Bartolo, E.

V. Porciatti, E. Bartolo, M. Nardi, and A. Fiorentini, “Responses to chromatic and luminance contrast in glaucoma: a psychophysical and electrophysiological study,” Vision Res. 37, 1975–1987 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boon, M. Y.

M. Y. Boon, C. M. Suttle, and S. J. Dain, “Transient VEP and psychophysical chromatic contrast thresholds in children and adults.” Vision Res. 47, 2124–2133 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boynton, R. M.

Brecelj, J.

M. Pompe, B. Kranjc, and J. Brecelj, “Visual evoked potentials to red-green stimulation in schoolchildren.” Vis. Neurosci. 23, 447–451 (2006).

Brecelj, J. J.

J. J. Brecelj, M. M. Štrucl, I. I. Zidar, and M. M. Tekavčič-Pompe, “Pattern ERG and VEP maturation in schoolchildren.” Clinical Neurophysiology 113, 1764–1770 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Tekavčič-Pompe, B. S. Kranjc, and J. J. Brecelj, “The study of chromatic and achromatic VEP in the first year of life,” Acta Ophthalm. 87, 0 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brown, A. M.

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, M. B. Mandler, and A. M. Brown, “Higher order color mechanisms,” Vision Res. 26, 23–32 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Cavanagh, P.

S. Anstis and P. Cavanagh, “A minimum motion technique for judging equiluminance,” inColour Vision (J. D. Mollon and L. T. Sharp, eds.) (Academic, London, 1983) pp. 155–166.

Chang, S.

M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, S. Chang, A. H. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of pattern visual evoked potentials: Longitudinal measurements in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 808–815 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Clifford, C. W. G.

E. Goddard, D. J. Mannion, J. S. McDonald, S. G. Solomon, and C. W. G. Clifford, “Combination of subcortical color channels in human visual cortex,” J. Vision 10, 25 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Conway, B. R.

B. R. Conway, “Spatial structure of cone inputs to color cells in alert macaque primary visual cortex (V-1),” J. Neurosci. 21, 2768–2783 (2001).

Crognale, M. A.

J. W. Page and M. A. Crognale, “Differential aging of chromatic and achromatic visual pathways: behavior and electrophysiology.” Vision Res. 45, 1481–1489 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Gerth, P. B. Delahunt, M. A. Crognale, and J. S. Werner, “Topography of the chromatic pattern-onset VEP,” J. Vision 3, 171–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, “Development, maturation, and aging of chromatic visual pathways: VEP results.” J. Vision 2, 438–450 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Switkes and M. A. Crognale, “Comparison of color and luminance contrast: apples versus oranges?,” Vision Res. 39, 1823–1831 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, A. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential (VEP): A longitudinal study.” Vision Res. 38, 3283–3292 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, S. Chang, A. H. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of pattern visual evoked potentials: Longitudinal measurements in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 808–815 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, E. Switkes, J. Rabin, M. E. Schneck, G. Haegerström-Portnoy, and A. J. Adams, “Application of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential to detection of congenital and acquired color deficiencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 1818–1825 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Schneck, B. F. Fortune, M. A. Crognale, E. Switkes, and A. J. Adams, “Influence of blood glucose level on chromatic VEP’s in type I diabetes,” in Vision Science and its Applications, Vol. 1, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), pp. 38–42 (1996).

M. E. Schneck, E. Lee, B. F. Fortune, E. Switkes, M. A. Crognale, and A. J. Adam, “Spatio-chromatic VEPs in recovered optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis,” Color Vision Deficiencies XIII, Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1997), pp. 179–185.

M. A. Crognale, J. Rabin, E. Switkes, and A. J. Adams, “Selective loss of S pathway sensitivity in central serous choroidopathy revealed by spatio-chromatic visual evoked cortical potentials (VECP),” Color Vision Deficiencies XI, Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1993), pp. 229–239.
[CrossRef]

Crognlae, M. A.

J. Rabin, E. Switkes, M. A. Crognlae, M. E. Schneck, and A. J. Adams, “Visual evoked potentials in three-dimensional color space: correlates of spatiochromatic processing,” Vision Res. 34, 2657–2671 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dain, S. J.

M. Y. Boon, C. M. Suttle, and S. J. Dain, “Transient VEP and psychophysical chromatic contrast thresholds in children and adults.” Vision Res. 47, 2124–2133 (2007).
[CrossRef]

De Feo, A.

N. Accornero, B. Gregori, E. Galié, A. De Feo, and R. Agnesi, “A new color VEP procedure discloses asymptomatic visual impairments in optic neuritis and glaucoma suspects,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 102, 258–263 (2000).
[CrossRef]

De Valois, K. K.

R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “A multi-stage color model,” Vision Res. 33, 1053–1065 (1993).
[CrossRef]

De Valois, R. L.

R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “A multi-stage color model,” Vision Res. 33, 1053–1065 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. L. De Valois, J. Abramov, and G. H. Jacobs, “Analysis of response patterns of LGN cells,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 966–977 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Delahunt, P. B.

C. Gerth, P. B. Delahunt, M. A. Crognale, and J. S. Werner, “Topography of the chromatic pattern-onset VEP,” J. Vision 3, 171–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Derrington, A. M.

A. M. Derrington, J. Krauskopf, and P. Lenni, “Chromatic mechanisms in lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque,” J. Physiol. 357, 241–265 (1984).

Dhruv, N. T.

C. Tailby, S. G. Solomon, N. T. Dhruv, and P. Lennie, “Habituation reveals fundamental chromatic mechanisms in striate cortex of macaque,” J. Neurosci. 28, 1131–1139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Solomon, J. W. Peirce, N. T. Dhruv, and P. Lennie, “Profound contrast adaptation early in the visual pathway,” Neuron 42, 155–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Engel, S. A.

S. A. Engel and C. S. Furmanski, “Selective adaptation to color contrast in human primary visual cortex,” J. Neurosci. 21, 3949–3954 (2001).

Felleman, D. J.

H. Lim, Y. Wang, Y. Xiao, M. Hu, and D. J. Felleman, “Organization of hue selectivity in macaque V2 thin stripes,” J. Neurophysiol. 102, 2603–2615 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fenstemaker, S. B.

D. C. Kiper, S. B. Fenstemaker, and K. R. Gegenfurtner, “Chromatic properties of neurons in macaque area V2,” Vis. Neurosci. 14, 1061–1072 (1997).

Fiorentini, A.

V. Porciatti, E. Bartolo, M. Nardi, and A. Fiorentini, “Responses to chromatic and luminance contrast in glaucoma: a psychophysical and electrophysiological study,” Vision Res. 37, 1975–1987 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fortune, B. F.

M. E. Schneck, B. F. Fortune, M. A. Crognale, E. Switkes, and A. J. Adams, “Influence of blood glucose level on chromatic VEP’s in type I diabetes,” in Vision Science and its Applications, Vol. 1, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), pp. 38–42 (1996).

M. E. Schneck, E. Lee, B. F. Fortune, E. Switkes, M. A. Crognale, and A. J. Adam, “Spatio-chromatic VEPs in recovered optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis,” Color Vision Deficiencies XIII, Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1997), pp. 179–185.

Furmanski, C. S.

S. A. Engel and C. S. Furmanski, “Selective adaptation to color contrast in human primary visual cortex,” J. Neurosci. 21, 3949–3954 (2001).

Galié, E.

N. Accornero, B. Gregori, E. Galié, A. De Feo, and R. Agnesi, “A new color VEP procedure discloses asymptomatic visual impairments in optic neuritis and glaucoma suspects,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 102, 258–263 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gegenfurtner, K.

J. Krauskopf and K. Gegenfurtner, “Color discrimination and adaptation,” Vision Res. 32, 2165–2175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gegenfurtner, K. R.

D. C. Kiper, S. B. Fenstemaker, and K. R. Gegenfurtner, “Chromatic properties of neurons in macaque area V2,” Vis. Neurosci. 14, 1061–1072 (1997).

Gerth, C.

C. Gerth, P. B. Delahunt, M. A. Crognale, and J. S. Werner, “Topography of the chromatic pattern-onset VEP,” J. Vision 3, 171–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goddard, E.

E. Goddard, D. J. Mannion, J. S. McDonald, S. G. Solomon, and C. W. G. Clifford, “Combination of subcortical color channels in human visual cortex,” J. Vision 10, 25 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Graham, F. A.

C. M. Suttle, S. J. Anderson, and F. A. Graham, “A longitudinal study of visual evoked responses to tritan stimuli in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 717–725 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gregori, B.

N. Accornero, B. Gregori, E. Galié, A. De Feo, and R. Agnesi, “A new color VEP procedure discloses asymptomatic visual impairments in optic neuritis and glaucoma suspects,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 102, 258–263 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Haegerström-Portnoy, G.

M. A. Crognale, E. Switkes, J. Rabin, M. E. Schneck, G. Haegerström-Portnoy, and A. J. Adams, “Application of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential to detection of congenital and acquired color deficiencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 1818–1825 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hanazawa, A.

A. Hanazawa, H. Komatsu, and I. Murakami, “Neural selectivity for hue and saturation of colour in the primary visual cortex of the monkey,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 12, 1753–1763 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Heely, D. W.

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, and D. W. Heely, “Cardinal directions of color space,” Vision Res. 22, 1123–1131 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hu, M.

H. Lim, Y. Wang, Y. Xiao, M. Hu, and D. J. Felleman, “Organization of hue selectivity in macaque V2 thin stripes,” J. Neurophysiol. 102, 2603–2615 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ichiro, K.

Jacobs, G. H.

Kelly, J. P.

M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, A. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential (VEP): A longitudinal study.” Vision Res. 38, 3283–3292 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, S. Chang, A. H. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of pattern visual evoked potentials: Longitudinal measurements in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 808–815 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kiper, D. C.

D. C. Kiper, S. B. Fenstemaker, and K. R. Gegenfurtner, “Chromatic properties of neurons in macaque area V2,” Vis. Neurosci. 14, 1061–1072 (1997).

Koida, K.

T. Matsumora, K. Koida, and H. Komatsu, “Relationship between color discrimination and neural responses in inferior temporal cortex of monkey,” J. Neurophysiol. 100, 3361–3374 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, H.

T. Matsumora, K. Koida, and H. Komatsu, “Relationship between color discrimination and neural responses in inferior temporal cortex of monkey,” J. Neurophysiol. 100, 3361–3374 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hanazawa, H. Komatsu, and I. Murakami, “Neural selectivity for hue and saturation of colour in the primary visual cortex of the monkey,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 12, 1753–1763 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kranjc, B.

M. Pompe, B. Kranjc, and J. Brecelj, “Visual evoked potentials to red-green stimulation in schoolchildren.” Vis. Neurosci. 23, 447–451 (2006).

Kranjc, B. S.

M. M. Tekavčič-Pompe, B. S. Kranjc, and J. J. Brecelj, “The study of chromatic and achromatic VEP in the first year of life,” Acta Ophthalm. 87, 0 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krauskopf, J.

J. Krauskopf and K. Gegenfurtner, “Color discrimination and adaptation,” Vision Res. 32, 2165–2175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Lennie, J. Krauskopf, and G. Sclar, “Chromatic mechanisms in striate cortex of Macaque,” J. Neurosci. 10, 649–669 (1990).

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, M. B. Mandler, and A. M. Brown, “Higher order color mechanisms,” Vision Res. 26, 23–32 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Derrington, J. Krauskopf, and P. Lenni, “Chromatic mechanisms in lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque,” J. Physiol. 357, 241–265 (1984).

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, and D. W. Heely, “Cardinal directions of color space,” Vision Res. 22, 1123–1131 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Lee, E.

M. E. Schneck, E. Lee, B. F. Fortune, E. Switkes, M. A. Crognale, and A. J. Adam, “Spatio-chromatic VEPs in recovered optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis,” Color Vision Deficiencies XIII, Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1997), pp. 179–185.

Lenni, P.

A. M. Derrington, J. Krauskopf, and P. Lenni, “Chromatic mechanisms in lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque,” J. Physiol. 357, 241–265 (1984).

Lennie, P.

C. Tailby, S. G. Solomon, N. T. Dhruv, and P. Lennie, “Habituation reveals fundamental chromatic mechanisms in striate cortex of macaque,” J. Neurosci. 28, 1131–1139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Solomon, J. W. Peirce, N. T. Dhruv, and P. Lennie, “Profound contrast adaptation early in the visual pathway,” Neuron 42, 155–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Lennie, J. Krauskopf, and G. Sclar, “Chromatic mechanisms in striate cortex of Macaque,” J. Neurosci. 10, 649–669 (1990).

Lennie, P. L.

S. G. Solomon and P. L. Lennie, “Chromatic gain controls in visual cortical neurons.” J. Neurosci. 25, 4779–4792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lim, H.

H. Lim, Y. Wang, Y. Xiao, M. Hu, and D. J. Felleman, “Organization of hue selectivity in macaque V2 thin stripes,” J. Neurophysiol. 102, 2603–2615 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lloyd, R.

C. M. Suttle and R. Lloyd, “Chromatic and achromatic transient VEPs in adults with Down syndrome.” Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 25, 501–513 (2005).
[CrossRef]

MacLeod, D. I. A.

Mandler, M. B.

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, M. B. Mandler, and A. M. Brown, “Higher order color mechanisms,” Vision Res. 26, 23–32 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mannion, D. J.

E. Goddard, D. J. Mannion, J. S. McDonald, S. G. Solomon, and C. W. G. Clifford, “Combination of subcortical color channels in human visual cortex,” J. Vision 10, 25 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matsumora, T.

T. Matsumora, K. Koida, and H. Komatsu, “Relationship between color discrimination and neural responses in inferior temporal cortex of monkey,” J. Neurophysiol. 100, 3361–3374 (2008).
[CrossRef]

McDonald, J. S.

E. Goddard, D. J. Mannion, J. S. McDonald, S. G. Solomon, and C. W. G. Clifford, “Combination of subcortical color channels in human visual cortex,” J. Vision 10, 25 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mizokami, Y.

Y. Mizokami and M. A. Webster, “Chromatic and contrast selectivity in color contrast adaptation,” Vis. Neurosci. 21, 359–363 (2004).

Mollon, J. D.

M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “The influence of contrast adaptation on color appearance,” Vision Res. 34, 1993–2020 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “Changes in colour appearance following post-receptoral adaptation,” Nature 349, 235–238 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, I.

A. Hanazawa, H. Komatsu, and I. Murakami, “Neural selectivity for hue and saturation of colour in the primary visual cortex of the monkey,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 12, 1753–1763 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nardi, M.

V. Porciatti, E. Bartolo, M. Nardi, and A. Fiorentini, “Responses to chromatic and luminance contrast in glaucoma: a psychophysical and electrophysiological study,” Vision Res. 37, 1975–1987 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Page, J. W.

J. W. Page and M. A. Crognale, “Differential aging of chromatic and achromatic visual pathways: behavior and electrophysiology.” Vision Res. 45, 1481–1489 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peirce, J. W.

S. G. Solomon, J. W. Peirce, N. T. Dhruv, and P. Lennie, “Profound contrast adaptation early in the visual pathway,” Neuron 42, 155–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pompe, M.

M. Pompe, B. Kranjc, and J. Brecelj, “Visual evoked potentials to red-green stimulation in schoolchildren.” Vis. Neurosci. 23, 447–451 (2006).

Porciatti, V.

V. Porciatti, E. Bartolo, M. Nardi, and A. Fiorentini, “Responses to chromatic and luminance contrast in glaucoma: a psychophysical and electrophysiological study,” Vision Res. 37, 1975–1987 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rabin, J.

J. Rabin, E. Switkes, M. A. Crognlae, M. E. Schneck, and A. J. Adams, “Visual evoked potentials in three-dimensional color space: correlates of spatiochromatic processing,” Vision Res. 34, 2657–2671 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, E. Switkes, J. Rabin, M. E. Schneck, G. Haegerström-Portnoy, and A. J. Adams, “Application of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential to detection of congenital and acquired color deficiencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 1818–1825 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, J. Rabin, E. Switkes, and A. J. Adams, “Selective loss of S pathway sensitivity in central serous choroidopathy revealed by spatio-chromatic visual evoked cortical potentials (VECP),” Color Vision Deficiencies XI, Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1993), pp. 229–239.
[CrossRef]

Schneck, M. E.

J. Rabin, E. Switkes, M. A. Crognlae, M. E. Schneck, and A. J. Adams, “Visual evoked potentials in three-dimensional color space: correlates of spatiochromatic processing,” Vision Res. 34, 2657–2671 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, E. Switkes, J. Rabin, M. E. Schneck, G. Haegerström-Portnoy, and A. J. Adams, “Application of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential to detection of congenital and acquired color deficiencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 1818–1825 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Schneck, B. F. Fortune, M. A. Crognale, E. Switkes, and A. J. Adams, “Influence of blood glucose level on chromatic VEP’s in type I diabetes,” in Vision Science and its Applications, Vol. 1, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), pp. 38–42 (1996).

M. E. Schneck, E. Lee, B. F. Fortune, E. Switkes, M. A. Crognale, and A. J. Adam, “Spatio-chromatic VEPs in recovered optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis,” Color Vision Deficiencies XIII, Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1997), pp. 179–185.

Sclar, G.

P. Lennie, J. Krauskopf, and G. Sclar, “Chromatic mechanisms in striate cortex of Macaque,” J. Neurosci. 10, 649–669 (1990).

Sejnowski, T. J.

T. Wachtler, T. J. Sejnowski, and T. D. Albright, “Representation of color stimuli in awake macaque primary visual cortex,” Neuron 37, 681–691 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, S. G.

E. Goddard, D. J. Mannion, J. S. McDonald, S. G. Solomon, and C. W. G. Clifford, “Combination of subcortical color channels in human visual cortex,” J. Vision 10, 25 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Tailby, S. G. Solomon, N. T. Dhruv, and P. Lennie, “Habituation reveals fundamental chromatic mechanisms in striate cortex of macaque,” J. Neurosci. 28, 1131–1139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Solomon and P. L. Lennie, “Chromatic gain controls in visual cortical neurons.” J. Neurosci. 25, 4779–4792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Solomon, J. W. Peirce, N. T. Dhruv, and P. Lennie, “Profound contrast adaptation early in the visual pathway,” Neuron 42, 155–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Štrucl, M. M.

J. J. Brecelj, M. M. Štrucl, I. I. Zidar, and M. M. Tekavčič-Pompe, “Pattern ERG and VEP maturation in schoolchildren.” Clinical Neurophysiology 113, 1764–1770 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Suttle, C. M.

M. Y. Boon, C. M. Suttle, and S. J. Dain, “Transient VEP and psychophysical chromatic contrast thresholds in children and adults.” Vision Res. 47, 2124–2133 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Suttle and R. Lloyd, “Chromatic and achromatic transient VEPs in adults with Down syndrome.” Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 25, 501–513 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Suttle, S. J. Anderson, and F. A. Graham, “A longitudinal study of visual evoked responses to tritan stimuli in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 717–725 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Switkes, E.

E. Switkes and M. A. Crognale, “Comparison of color and luminance contrast: apples versus oranges?,” Vision Res. 39, 1823–1831 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Rabin, E. Switkes, M. A. Crognlae, M. E. Schneck, and A. J. Adams, “Visual evoked potentials in three-dimensional color space: correlates of spatiochromatic processing,” Vision Res. 34, 2657–2671 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, E. Switkes, J. Rabin, M. E. Schneck, G. Haegerström-Portnoy, and A. J. Adams, “Application of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential to detection of congenital and acquired color deficiencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 1818–1825 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Schneck, B. F. Fortune, M. A. Crognale, E. Switkes, and A. J. Adams, “Influence of blood glucose level on chromatic VEP’s in type I diabetes,” in Vision Science and its Applications, Vol. 1, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), pp. 38–42 (1996).

M. E. Schneck, E. Lee, B. F. Fortune, E. Switkes, M. A. Crognale, and A. J. Adam, “Spatio-chromatic VEPs in recovered optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis,” Color Vision Deficiencies XIII, Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1997), pp. 179–185.

M. A. Crognale, J. Rabin, E. Switkes, and A. J. Adams, “Selective loss of S pathway sensitivity in central serous choroidopathy revealed by spatio-chromatic visual evoked cortical potentials (VECP),” Color Vision Deficiencies XI, Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1993), pp. 229–239.
[CrossRef]

Tailby, C.

C. Tailby, S. G. Solomon, N. T. Dhruv, and P. Lennie, “Habituation reveals fundamental chromatic mechanisms in striate cortex of macaque,” J. Neurosci. 28, 1131–1139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tekavcic-Pompe, M. M.

J. J. Brecelj, M. M. Štrucl, I. I. Zidar, and M. M. Tekavčič-Pompe, “Pattern ERG and VEP maturation in schoolchildren.” Clinical Neurophysiology 113, 1764–1770 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Tekavčič-Pompe, B. S. Kranjc, and J. J. Brecelj, “The study of chromatic and achromatic VEP in the first year of life,” Acta Ophthalm. 87, 0 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Teller, D. Y.

M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, A. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential (VEP): A longitudinal study.” Vision Res. 38, 3283–3292 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, S. Chang, A. H. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of pattern visual evoked potentials: Longitudinal measurements in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 808–815 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wachtler, T.

T. Wachtler, T. J. Sejnowski, and T. D. Albright, “Representation of color stimuli in awake macaque primary visual cortex,” Neuron 37, 681–691 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

H. Lim, Y. Wang, Y. Xiao, M. Hu, and D. J. Felleman, “Organization of hue selectivity in macaque V2 thin stripes,” J. Neurophysiol. 102, 2603–2615 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Webster, M. A.

Y. Mizokami and M. A. Webster, “Chromatic and contrast selectivity in color contrast adaptation,” Vis. Neurosci. 21, 359–363 (2004).

M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “The influence of contrast adaptation on color appearance,” Vision Res. 34, 1993–2020 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “Changes in colour appearance following post-receptoral adaptation,” Nature 349, 235–238 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, A.

M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, A. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential (VEP): A longitudinal study.” Vision Res. 38, 3283–3292 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, A. H.

M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, S. Chang, A. H. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of pattern visual evoked potentials: Longitudinal measurements in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 808–815 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Werner, J. S.

C. Gerth, P. B. Delahunt, M. A. Crognale, and J. S. Werner, “Topography of the chromatic pattern-onset VEP,” J. Vision 3, 171–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D. R.

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, M. B. Mandler, and A. M. Brown, “Higher order color mechanisms,” Vision Res. 26, 23–32 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, and D. W. Heely, “Cardinal directions of color space,” Vision Res. 22, 1123–1131 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, Y.

H. Lim, Y. Wang, Y. Xiao, M. Hu, and D. J. Felleman, “Organization of hue selectivity in macaque V2 thin stripes,” J. Neurophysiol. 102, 2603–2615 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zeki, S.

S. Zeki, “The representation of colours in the cerebral cortex,” Nature 284, 412–418 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Zidar, I. I.

J. J. Brecelj, M. M. Štrucl, I. I. Zidar, and M. M. Tekavčič-Pompe, “Pattern ERG and VEP maturation in schoolchildren.” Clinical Neurophysiology 113, 1764–1770 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Acta Neurologica Scandinavica

N. Accornero, B. Gregori, E. Galié, A. De Feo, and R. Agnesi, “A new color VEP procedure discloses asymptomatic visual impairments in optic neuritis and glaucoma suspects,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 102, 258–263 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Acta Ophthalm.

M. M. Tekavčič-Pompe, B. S. Kranjc, and J. J. Brecelj, “The study of chromatic and achromatic VEP in the first year of life,” Acta Ophthalm. 87, 0 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Clinical Neurophysiology

J. J. Brecelj, M. M. Štrucl, I. I. Zidar, and M. M. Tekavčič-Pompe, “Pattern ERG and VEP maturation in schoolchildren.” Clinical Neurophysiology 113, 1764–1770 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eur. J. Neurosci.

A. Hanazawa, H. Komatsu, and I. Murakami, “Neural selectivity for hue and saturation of colour in the primary visual cortex of the monkey,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 12, 1753–1763 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Neurophysiol.

T. Matsumora, K. Koida, and H. Komatsu, “Relationship between color discrimination and neural responses in inferior temporal cortex of monkey,” J. Neurophysiol. 100, 3361–3374 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Lim, Y. Wang, Y. Xiao, M. Hu, and D. J. Felleman, “Organization of hue selectivity in macaque V2 thin stripes,” J. Neurophysiol. 102, 2603–2615 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Neurosci.

C. Tailby, S. G. Solomon, N. T. Dhruv, and P. Lennie, “Habituation reveals fundamental chromatic mechanisms in striate cortex of macaque,” J. Neurosci. 28, 1131–1139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Lennie, J. Krauskopf, and G. Sclar, “Chromatic mechanisms in striate cortex of Macaque,” J. Neurosci. 10, 649–669 (1990).

S. A. Engel and C. S. Furmanski, “Selective adaptation to color contrast in human primary visual cortex,” J. Neurosci. 21, 3949–3954 (2001).

B. R. Conway, “Spatial structure of cone inputs to color cells in alert macaque primary visual cortex (V-1),” J. Neurosci. 21, 2768–2783 (2001).

S. G. Solomon and P. L. Lennie, “Chromatic gain controls in visual cortical neurons.” J. Neurosci. 25, 4779–4792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

M. A. Crognale, E. Switkes, J. Rabin, M. E. Schneck, G. Haegerström-Portnoy, and A. J. Adams, “Application of the spatio-chromatic visual evoked potential to detection of congenital and acquired color deficiencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 1818–1825 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. L. De Valois, J. Abramov, and G. H. Jacobs, “Analysis of response patterns of LGN cells,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 966–977 (1966).
[CrossRef]

D. I. A. MacLeod and R. M. Boynton, “Chromaticity diagram showing cone excitation by stimuli of equal luminance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1183–1186 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Physiol.

A. M. Derrington, J. Krauskopf, and P. Lenni, “Chromatic mechanisms in lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque,” J. Physiol. 357, 241–265 (1984).

J. Vision

E. Goddard, D. J. Mannion, J. S. McDonald, S. G. Solomon, and C. W. G. Clifford, “Combination of subcortical color channels in human visual cortex,” J. Vision 10, 25 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, “Development, maturation, and aging of chromatic visual pathways: VEP results.” J. Vision 2, 438–450 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Gerth, P. B. Delahunt, M. A. Crognale, and J. S. Werner, “Topography of the chromatic pattern-onset VEP,” J. Vision 3, 171–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature

S. Zeki, “The representation of colours in the cerebral cortex,” Nature 284, 412–418 (1980).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “Changes in colour appearance following post-receptoral adaptation,” Nature 349, 235–238 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Neuron

T. Wachtler, T. J. Sejnowski, and T. D. Albright, “Representation of color stimuli in awake macaque primary visual cortex,” Neuron 37, 681–691 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Solomon, J. W. Peirce, N. T. Dhruv, and P. Lennie, “Profound contrast adaptation early in the visual pathway,” Neuron 42, 155–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ophthal. Physiol. Opt.

C. M. Suttle and R. Lloyd, “Chromatic and achromatic transient VEPs in adults with Down syndrome.” Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 25, 501–513 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Optom. Vis. Sci.

C. M. Suttle, S. J. Anderson, and F. A. Graham, “A longitudinal study of visual evoked responses to tritan stimuli in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 717–725 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Crognale, J. P. Kelly, S. Chang, A. H. Weiss, and D. Y. Teller, “Development of pattern visual evoked potentials: Longitudinal measurements in human infants.” Optom. Vis. Sci. 74, 808–815 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vis. Neurosci.

M. Pompe, B. Kranjc, and J. Brecelj, “Visual evoked potentials to red-green stimulation in schoolchildren.” Vis. Neurosci. 23, 447–451 (2006).

D. C. Kiper, S. B. Fenstemaker, and K. R. Gegenfurtner, “Chromatic properties of neurons in macaque area V2,” Vis. Neurosci. 14, 1061–1072 (1997).

Y. Mizokami and M. A. Webster, “Chromatic and contrast selectivity in color contrast adaptation,” Vis. Neurosci. 21, 359–363 (2004).

Vision Res.

M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “The influence of contrast adaptation on color appearance,” Vision Res. 34, 1993–2020 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “A multi-stage color model,” Vision Res. 33, 1053–1065 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Mean amplitude indices of pre- and postadaptation within the equiluminant plane. The inner solid line plots the coordinates of the test stimuli at each axis, while the heavy dashed line plots the least-squares ellipse fit, and the thin dashed line shows no adaptation effect. Error bars represent standard error of the means. Data points are reflected symmetrically. (a) 0°–180° adapting axis, (b) 45°–225° adapting axis, (c) 90°–270° adapting axis, (d) 135°–315° adapting axis.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Mean raw preadaptation amplitudes (CIII-CII) per test condition. Error bars represent standard error of the mean.

Equations (1)

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LMcontrast=(rmb0.6568)×1955SLMcontrast=(bmb0.01825)×5533

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