Abstract

We examined whether the perception of the colorfulness of an image is influenced by the adaptation of the visual system to natural and shuffled images with different degrees of saturation. In the experiment, observers first became adapted to several images with different levels of saturation and then their colorfulness perception of a test image was measured. The results show that their perception of colorfulness was influenced by their adaptation to the saturation of images. The effect was stronger following adaptation to natural images than to images consisting of a shuffled collage of randomized color blocks, which suggests that the naturalness of the spatial structure of an image affects the strength of the effect.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, and D. W. Heeley, “Cardinal directions of color space,” Vis. Res. 22, 1123–1131 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, M. B. Mandler, and A. M. Brown, “Higher order color mechanisms,” Vis. Res. 26, 23–32(1986).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “The influence of contrast adaptation on color appearance,” Vis. Res. 34, 1993–2020 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. A. Webster, G. Malkoc, A. C. Bilson, and S. M. Webster, “Color contrast and contextual influences on color appearance,” J. Vis. 2, 7 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Mizokami, C. Paras, and M. A. Webster, “Chromatic and contrast selectivity in color contrast adaptation,” Vis. Neurosci. 21, 359–363 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Q. Zaidi, B. Yoshimi, N. Flanigan, and A. Canova, “Lateral interactions within color mechanisms in simultaneous induced contrast,” Vis. Res. 32, 1695–1707 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. I. Kuriki, “Aftereffect of contrast adaptation to a chromatic notched-noise stimulus,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 1858–1872 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. O. Brown and D. I. MacLeod, “Color appearance depends on the variance of surround colors,” Curr. Biol. 7, 844–849(1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Hurlbert, “Colour vision: putting it in context,” Curr. Biol. 6, 1381–1384 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Faul, V. Ekroll, and G. Wendt, “Color appearance: the limited role of chromatic surround variance in the gamut expansion effect,” J. Vis. 8, 30 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. A. Fedorovskaya, H. Ridder, and F. J. J. de Blommaert, “Chroma variations and perceived quality of color images of natural scenes,” Color Res. Appl. 22, 96–110 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Trémeau and C. Charrier, “Influence of chromatic changes on the perception of color image quality,” Color Res. Appl. 25, 200–213 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. N. Yendrikhovskij, F. J. J. Blommaert, and H. de Ridder, “Color reproduction and the naturalness constraint,” Color Res. Appl. 24, 52–67 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Mizokami, A. Hashimoto, and H. Yaguchi, “Colourfulness perception influenced by adaptation to the saturation of natural images,” in Proceedings of the 11th Congress of the International Colour Association, D. Smith, P. Green-Armytage, M. A. Pope, and N. Harkness, eds., CD (AIC, 2009).
  15. K. R. Gegenfurtner, “Cortical mechanisms of colour vision,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 4, 563–572 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. H. Foster, “Color constancy,” Vis. Res. 51, 674–700(2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Q. Zaidi, B. Spehar, and J. DeBonet, “Adaptation to textured chromatic fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 23–32(1998).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Yoonessi and F. A. Kingdom, “Comparison of sensitivity to color changes in natural and phase-scrambled scenes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 676–684 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. H. Brainard, “Color constancy in the nearly natural image. 2. Achromatic loci,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 307–325 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. M. Kraft and D. H. Brainard, “Mechanisms of color constancy under nearly natural viewing,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 307–312 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. H. Brainard and L. T. Maloney, “Perception of color and material properties in complex scenes,” J. Vis. 4, I(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. G. Bloj, D. Kersten, and A. C. Hurlbert, “Perception of three-dimensional shape influences colour perception through mutual illumination,” Nature 402, 877–879 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. Golz and D. I. MacLeod, “Influence of scene statistics on colour constancy,” Nature 415, 637–640 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Mizokami, M. Ikeda, and H. Shinoda, “Color constancy in a photograph perceived as a three-dimensional space,” Opt. Rev. 11, 288–296 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Ikeda, Y. Mizokami, and H. Shinoda, “Three dimensionality of the recognized visual space of illumination proved by hidden illumination,” Opt. Rev. 5, 200–205 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  26. Y. Mizokami, M. Ikeda, and H. Shinoda, “Lightness change as perceived in relation to the size of recognized visual space of illumination,” Opt. Rev. 5, 315–319 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

D. H. Foster, “Color constancy,” Vis. Res. 51, 674–700(2011).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

A. Yoonessi and F. A. Kingdom, “Comparison of sensitivity to color changes in natural and phase-scrambled scenes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 676–684 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Faul, V. Ekroll, and G. Wendt, “Color appearance: the limited role of chromatic surround variance in the gamut expansion effect,” J. Vis. 8, 30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2004 (3)

Y. Mizokami, C. Paras, and M. A. Webster, “Chromatic and contrast selectivity in color contrast adaptation,” Vis. Neurosci. 21, 359–363 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Brainard and L. T. Maloney, “Perception of color and material properties in complex scenes,” J. Vis. 4, I(2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizokami, M. Ikeda, and H. Shinoda, “Color constancy in a photograph perceived as a three-dimensional space,” Opt. Rev. 11, 288–296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. R. Gegenfurtner, “Cortical mechanisms of colour vision,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 4, 563–572 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. Golz and D. I. MacLeod, “Influence of scene statistics on colour constancy,” Nature 415, 637–640 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Webster, G. Malkoc, A. C. Bilson, and S. M. Webster, “Color contrast and contextual influences on color appearance,” J. Vis. 2, 7 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. Trémeau and C. Charrier, “Influence of chromatic changes on the perception of color image quality,” Color Res. Appl. 25, 200–213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

S. N. Yendrikhovskij, F. J. J. Blommaert, and H. de Ridder, “Color reproduction and the naturalness constraint,” Color Res. Appl. 24, 52–67 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Kraft and D. H. Brainard, “Mechanisms of color constancy under nearly natural viewing,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 307–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Bloj, D. Kersten, and A. C. Hurlbert, “Perception of three-dimensional shape influences colour perception through mutual illumination,” Nature 402, 877–879 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

M. Ikeda, Y. Mizokami, and H. Shinoda, “Three dimensionality of the recognized visual space of illumination proved by hidden illumination,” Opt. Rev. 5, 200–205 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizokami, M. Ikeda, and H. Shinoda, “Lightness change as perceived in relation to the size of recognized visual space of illumination,” Opt. Rev. 5, 315–319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Brainard, “Color constancy in the nearly natural image. 2. Achromatic loci,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 307–325 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zaidi, B. Spehar, and J. DeBonet, “Adaptation to textured chromatic fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 23–32(1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

E. A. Fedorovskaya, H. Ridder, and F. J. J. de Blommaert, “Chroma variations and perceived quality of color images of natural scenes,” Color Res. Appl. 22, 96–110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Brown and D. I. MacLeod, “Color appearance depends on the variance of surround colors,” Curr. Biol. 7, 844–849(1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Hurlbert, “Colour vision: putting it in context,” Curr. Biol. 6, 1381–1384 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “The influence of contrast adaptation on color appearance,” Vis. Res. 34, 1993–2020 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Q. Zaidi, B. Yoshimi, N. Flanigan, and A. Canova, “Lateral interactions within color mechanisms in simultaneous induced contrast,” Vis. Res. 32, 1695–1707 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, M. B. Mandler, and A. M. Brown, “Higher order color mechanisms,” Vis. Res. 26, 23–32(1986).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, and D. W. Heeley, “Cardinal directions of color space,” Vis. Res. 22, 1123–1131 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bilson, A. C.

M. A. Webster, G. Malkoc, A. C. Bilson, and S. M. Webster, “Color contrast and contextual influences on color appearance,” J. Vis. 2, 7 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bloj, M. G.

M. G. Bloj, D. Kersten, and A. C. Hurlbert, “Perception of three-dimensional shape influences colour perception through mutual illumination,” Nature 402, 877–879 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blommaert, F. J. J.

S. N. Yendrikhovskij, F. J. J. Blommaert, and H. de Ridder, “Color reproduction and the naturalness constraint,” Color Res. Appl. 24, 52–67 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brainard, D. H.

D. H. Brainard and L. T. Maloney, “Perception of color and material properties in complex scenes,” J. Vis. 4, I(2004).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Kraft and D. H. Brainard, “Mechanisms of color constancy under nearly natural viewing,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 307–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Brainard, “Color constancy in the nearly natural image. 2. Achromatic loci,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 307–325 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brown, A. M.

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, M. B. Mandler, and A. M. Brown, “Higher order color mechanisms,” Vis. Res. 26, 23–32(1986).
[CrossRef]

Brown, R. O.

R. O. Brown and D. I. MacLeod, “Color appearance depends on the variance of surround colors,” Curr. Biol. 7, 844–849(1997).
[CrossRef]

Canova, A.

Q. Zaidi, B. Yoshimi, N. Flanigan, and A. Canova, “Lateral interactions within color mechanisms in simultaneous induced contrast,” Vis. Res. 32, 1695–1707 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Charrier, C.

A. Trémeau and C. Charrier, “Influence of chromatic changes on the perception of color image quality,” Color Res. Appl. 25, 200–213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

de Blommaert, F. J. J.

E. A. Fedorovskaya, H. Ridder, and F. J. J. de Blommaert, “Chroma variations and perceived quality of color images of natural scenes,” Color Res. Appl. 22, 96–110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

de Ridder, H.

S. N. Yendrikhovskij, F. J. J. Blommaert, and H. de Ridder, “Color reproduction and the naturalness constraint,” Color Res. Appl. 24, 52–67 (1999).
[CrossRef]

DeBonet, J.

Ekroll, V.

F. Faul, V. Ekroll, and G. Wendt, “Color appearance: the limited role of chromatic surround variance in the gamut expansion effect,” J. Vis. 8, 30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Faul, F.

F. Faul, V. Ekroll, and G. Wendt, “Color appearance: the limited role of chromatic surround variance in the gamut expansion effect,” J. Vis. 8, 30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fedorovskaya, E. A.

E. A. Fedorovskaya, H. Ridder, and F. J. J. de Blommaert, “Chroma variations and perceived quality of color images of natural scenes,” Color Res. Appl. 22, 96–110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Flanigan, N.

Q. Zaidi, B. Yoshimi, N. Flanigan, and A. Canova, “Lateral interactions within color mechanisms in simultaneous induced contrast,” Vis. Res. 32, 1695–1707 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Foster, D. H.

D. H. Foster, “Color constancy,” Vis. Res. 51, 674–700(2011).
[CrossRef]

Gegenfurtner, K. R.

K. R. Gegenfurtner, “Cortical mechanisms of colour vision,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 4, 563–572 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Golz, J.

J. Golz and D. I. MacLeod, “Influence of scene statistics on colour constancy,” Nature 415, 637–640 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, A.

Y. Mizokami, A. Hashimoto, and H. Yaguchi, “Colourfulness perception influenced by adaptation to the saturation of natural images,” in Proceedings of the 11th Congress of the International Colour Association, D. Smith, P. Green-Armytage, M. A. Pope, and N. Harkness, eds., CD (AIC, 2009).

Heeley, D. W.

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, and D. W. Heeley, “Cardinal directions of color space,” Vis. Res. 22, 1123–1131 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hurlbert, A.

A. Hurlbert, “Colour vision: putting it in context,” Curr. Biol. 6, 1381–1384 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hurlbert, A. C.

M. G. Bloj, D. Kersten, and A. C. Hurlbert, “Perception of three-dimensional shape influences colour perception through mutual illumination,” Nature 402, 877–879 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, M.

Y. Mizokami, M. Ikeda, and H. Shinoda, “Color constancy in a photograph perceived as a three-dimensional space,” Opt. Rev. 11, 288–296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ikeda, Y. Mizokami, and H. Shinoda, “Three dimensionality of the recognized visual space of illumination proved by hidden illumination,” Opt. Rev. 5, 200–205 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizokami, M. Ikeda, and H. Shinoda, “Lightness change as perceived in relation to the size of recognized visual space of illumination,” Opt. Rev. 5, 315–319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kersten, D.

M. G. Bloj, D. Kersten, and A. C. Hurlbert, “Perception of three-dimensional shape influences colour perception through mutual illumination,” Nature 402, 877–879 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kingdom, F. A.

Kraft, J. M.

J. M. Kraft and D. H. Brainard, “Mechanisms of color constancy under nearly natural viewing,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 307–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krauskopf, J.

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, M. B. Mandler, and A. M. Brown, “Higher order color mechanisms,” Vis. Res. 26, 23–32(1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, and D. W. Heeley, “Cardinal directions of color space,” Vis. Res. 22, 1123–1131 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kuriki, I.

MacLeod, D. I.

J. Golz and D. I. MacLeod, “Influence of scene statistics on colour constancy,” Nature 415, 637–640 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Brown and D. I. MacLeod, “Color appearance depends on the variance of surround colors,” Curr. Biol. 7, 844–849(1997).
[CrossRef]

Malkoc, G.

M. A. Webster, G. Malkoc, A. C. Bilson, and S. M. Webster, “Color contrast and contextual influences on color appearance,” J. Vis. 2, 7 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maloney, L. T.

D. H. Brainard and L. T. Maloney, “Perception of color and material properties in complex scenes,” J. Vis. 4, I(2004).
[CrossRef]

Mandler, M. B.

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, M. B. Mandler, and A. M. Brown, “Higher order color mechanisms,” Vis. Res. 26, 23–32(1986).
[CrossRef]

Mizokami, Y.

Y. Mizokami, C. Paras, and M. A. Webster, “Chromatic and contrast selectivity in color contrast adaptation,” Vis. Neurosci. 21, 359–363 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizokami, M. Ikeda, and H. Shinoda, “Color constancy in a photograph perceived as a three-dimensional space,” Opt. Rev. 11, 288–296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ikeda, Y. Mizokami, and H. Shinoda, “Three dimensionality of the recognized visual space of illumination proved by hidden illumination,” Opt. Rev. 5, 200–205 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizokami, M. Ikeda, and H. Shinoda, “Lightness change as perceived in relation to the size of recognized visual space of illumination,” Opt. Rev. 5, 315–319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizokami, A. Hashimoto, and H. Yaguchi, “Colourfulness perception influenced by adaptation to the saturation of natural images,” in Proceedings of the 11th Congress of the International Colour Association, D. Smith, P. Green-Armytage, M. A. Pope, and N. Harkness, eds., CD (AIC, 2009).

Mollon, J. D.

M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “The influence of contrast adaptation on color appearance,” Vis. Res. 34, 1993–2020 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Paras, C.

Y. Mizokami, C. Paras, and M. A. Webster, “Chromatic and contrast selectivity in color contrast adaptation,” Vis. Neurosci. 21, 359–363 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ridder, H.

E. A. Fedorovskaya, H. Ridder, and F. J. J. de Blommaert, “Chroma variations and perceived quality of color images of natural scenes,” Color Res. Appl. 22, 96–110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shinoda, H.

Y. Mizokami, M. Ikeda, and H. Shinoda, “Color constancy in a photograph perceived as a three-dimensional space,” Opt. Rev. 11, 288–296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ikeda, Y. Mizokami, and H. Shinoda, “Three dimensionality of the recognized visual space of illumination proved by hidden illumination,” Opt. Rev. 5, 200–205 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizokami, M. Ikeda, and H. Shinoda, “Lightness change as perceived in relation to the size of recognized visual space of illumination,” Opt. Rev. 5, 315–319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spehar, B.

Trémeau, A.

A. Trémeau and C. Charrier, “Influence of chromatic changes on the perception of color image quality,” Color Res. Appl. 25, 200–213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Webster, M. A.

Y. Mizokami, C. Paras, and M. A. Webster, “Chromatic and contrast selectivity in color contrast adaptation,” Vis. Neurosci. 21, 359–363 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Webster, G. Malkoc, A. C. Bilson, and S. M. Webster, “Color contrast and contextual influences on color appearance,” J. Vis. 2, 7 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “The influence of contrast adaptation on color appearance,” Vis. Res. 34, 1993–2020 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Webster, S. M.

M. A. Webster, G. Malkoc, A. C. Bilson, and S. M. Webster, “Color contrast and contextual influences on color appearance,” J. Vis. 2, 7 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wendt, G.

F. Faul, V. Ekroll, and G. Wendt, “Color appearance: the limited role of chromatic surround variance in the gamut expansion effect,” J. Vis. 8, 30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D. R.

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, M. B. Mandler, and A. M. Brown, “Higher order color mechanisms,” Vis. Res. 26, 23–32(1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, and D. W. Heeley, “Cardinal directions of color space,” Vis. Res. 22, 1123–1131 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Yaguchi, H.

Y. Mizokami, A. Hashimoto, and H. Yaguchi, “Colourfulness perception influenced by adaptation to the saturation of natural images,” in Proceedings of the 11th Congress of the International Colour Association, D. Smith, P. Green-Armytage, M. A. Pope, and N. Harkness, eds., CD (AIC, 2009).

Yendrikhovskij, S. N.

S. N. Yendrikhovskij, F. J. J. Blommaert, and H. de Ridder, “Color reproduction and the naturalness constraint,” Color Res. Appl. 24, 52–67 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoonessi, A.

Yoshimi, B.

Q. Zaidi, B. Yoshimi, N. Flanigan, and A. Canova, “Lateral interactions within color mechanisms in simultaneous induced contrast,” Vis. Res. 32, 1695–1707 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zaidi, Q.

Q. Zaidi, B. Spehar, and J. DeBonet, “Adaptation to textured chromatic fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 23–32(1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zaidi, B. Yoshimi, N. Flanigan, and A. Canova, “Lateral interactions within color mechanisms in simultaneous induced contrast,” Vis. Res. 32, 1695–1707 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Color Res. Appl. (3)

E. A. Fedorovskaya, H. Ridder, and F. J. J. de Blommaert, “Chroma variations and perceived quality of color images of natural scenes,” Color Res. Appl. 22, 96–110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Trémeau and C. Charrier, “Influence of chromatic changes on the perception of color image quality,” Color Res. Appl. 25, 200–213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Yendrikhovskij, F. J. J. Blommaert, and H. de Ridder, “Color reproduction and the naturalness constraint,” Color Res. Appl. 24, 52–67 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Biol. (2)

R. O. Brown and D. I. MacLeod, “Color appearance depends on the variance of surround colors,” Curr. Biol. 7, 844–849(1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurlbert, “Colour vision: putting it in context,” Curr. Biol. 6, 1381–1384 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (4)

J. Vis. (3)

D. H. Brainard and L. T. Maloney, “Perception of color and material properties in complex scenes,” J. Vis. 4, I(2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Faul, V. Ekroll, and G. Wendt, “Color appearance: the limited role of chromatic surround variance in the gamut expansion effect,” J. Vis. 8, 30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Webster, G. Malkoc, A. C. Bilson, and S. M. Webster, “Color contrast and contextual influences on color appearance,” J. Vis. 2, 7 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Rev. Neurosci. (1)

K. R. Gegenfurtner, “Cortical mechanisms of colour vision,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 4, 563–572 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

M. G. Bloj, D. Kersten, and A. C. Hurlbert, “Perception of three-dimensional shape influences colour perception through mutual illumination,” Nature 402, 877–879 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Golz and D. I. MacLeod, “Influence of scene statistics on colour constancy,” Nature 415, 637–640 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Rev. (3)

Y. Mizokami, M. Ikeda, and H. Shinoda, “Color constancy in a photograph perceived as a three-dimensional space,” Opt. Rev. 11, 288–296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ikeda, Y. Mizokami, and H. Shinoda, “Three dimensionality of the recognized visual space of illumination proved by hidden illumination,” Opt. Rev. 5, 200–205 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizokami, M. Ikeda, and H. Shinoda, “Lightness change as perceived in relation to the size of recognized visual space of illumination,” Opt. Rev. 5, 315–319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

J. M. Kraft and D. H. Brainard, “Mechanisms of color constancy under nearly natural viewing,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 307–312 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vis. Neurosci. (1)

Y. Mizokami, C. Paras, and M. A. Webster, “Chromatic and contrast selectivity in color contrast adaptation,” Vis. Neurosci. 21, 359–363 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vis. Res. (5)

Q. Zaidi, B. Yoshimi, N. Flanigan, and A. Canova, “Lateral interactions within color mechanisms in simultaneous induced contrast,” Vis. Res. 32, 1695–1707 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, and D. W. Heeley, “Cardinal directions of color space,” Vis. Res. 22, 1123–1131 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Krauskopf, D. R. Williams, M. B. Mandler, and A. M. Brown, “Higher order color mechanisms,” Vis. Res. 26, 23–32(1986).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Webster and J. D. Mollon, “The influence of contrast adaptation on color appearance,” Vis. Res. 34, 1993–2020 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Foster, “Color constancy,” Vis. Res. 51, 674–700(2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Y. Mizokami, A. Hashimoto, and H. Yaguchi, “Colourfulness perception influenced by adaptation to the saturation of natural images,” in Proceedings of the 11th Congress of the International Colour Association, D. Smith, P. Green-Armytage, M. A. Pope, and N. Harkness, eds., CD (AIC, 2009).

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Adaptation and test images: (a) natural image set (original), (b) shuffled image set (20×20), (c) test image “wool” with modulation coefficient k=0.3 (left); 1.0 (original, center); and 1.3 (right).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Results for the boundary of colorfulness in Experiment 1, based upon four observers, as shown by the modulation coefficient. The squares and triangles indicate the natural and shuffled images, respectively. The dashed line indicates no-adaptation condition.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Slope of the boundary of colorfulness in Experiment 1, based upon the results from four observers. The open and filled bars indicate natural and shuffled images, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Example of segmentation of adaptation image (Image 2) in Experiment 2.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Results for the boundary of colorfulness in Experiment 2, based upon four observers: square, natural image; circle, shuffled image (5×5); inverted triangle, shuffled image (10×10); triangle, shuffled image (20×20). The dashed line indicates the no-adaptation condition.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Slope of the boundary of colorfulness in Experiment 2; results are based upon four observers: open bar, natural image; single diagonal lines, shuffled image (5×5); criss-crossed diagonal lines, shuffled image (10×10); solid bar, shuffled image (20×20).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Average subjective evaluation of recognizability of scene and object for six adaptation images in Experiment 2. Error bars indicate standard deviation. (b) Correlation between evaluation of recognizability and the colorfulness boundary shown by slope of kt. The solid line indicates linear fitting.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Example of spatial frequency characteristics from Image 2 with different segmentations. (a) Two-dimensional power spectra and (b) horizontal power curves. Note that each spectrum is shifted vertically to allow for easy comparison. The scale is shown on the left of the natural image condition.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Example of images for adaptation and test (“wool”) in Experiment 3.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Results for the boundary of colorfulness in Experiment 3; based upon four observers: (a) wool, (b) outdoor café, (c) harbor. Open square, natural adapt/natural test; solid square, natural/shuffled; open triangle, shuffled/natural; solid triangle, shuffled/shuffled; open circle, phase-scrambled/natural. The horizontal lines indicate the no-adaptation condition for each test image.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Average slope of the boundary of colorfulness in each condition: natural adapt/natural test, natural/shuffled, shuffled/natural, and shuffled/shuffled (and phase-scrambled/natural condition for harbor) in Experiment 3. Open bar, wool; dark shaded bar, outdoor café; solid, harbor. Error bars indicate standard deviation.

Tables (2)

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Table 1. Examples of Average Metric Chroma of Each Image Used in Experiments

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Table 2. Statistical Results of Experiment 3—Mean Slope, Standard Deviation, and p-Value of Test of Slope for Three Adapt Images

Equations (2)

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C*ab=a*2+b*2.
C*modified=kC*original.

Metrics