Abstract

In order to study and compare propagation features of terahertz (THz) links with infrared (IR) links under different weather conditions such as turbulence, fog, and dust particles, THz and IR free space communication links at 625 GHz carrier frequency and 1.5 μm wavelength, respectively, with a maximum data rate of 2.5Gb/s have been developed. After propagating through the same channel perturbation caused by dust, attenuation of the carrier frequencies by dust as well as scintillation effects on both channels are analyzed by measuring the power attenuation and bit error rates. Attenuation by the presence of dust degrades the IR channel but exhibits almost no measurable impact on the THz signal. Numerical simulations of THz attenuation with different dust concentrations are presented and agree with the measured results.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Cherry, “Edholm’s law of bandwidth,” IEEE Spectrum 41(7), 58–60 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Moeller, J. Federici, A. Sinyukov, C. Xie, H. C. Lim, and R. C. Giles, “Data encoding on terahertz signals for communication and sensing,” Opt. Lett. 33, 393–395 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  7. L. Moeller, J. Federici, and K. Su, “2.5  Gbit/s duobinary signalling with narrow bandwidth 0.625 terahertz source,” Electron. Lett. 47, 856–858 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Jansen, R. Piesiewicz, D. Mittleman, T. Kurner, and M. Koch, “The Impact of reflections from stratified building materials on the wave propagation in future indoor terahertz communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1413–1419(2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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  14. K. Su, L. Moeller, R. B. Barat, and J. F. Federici, “Experimental comparison of performance degradation from terahertz and infrared wireless links in fog,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 179–184 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (1)

2011 (4)

S. Ishii, S. Sayama, and T. Kamei, “Measurement of rain attenuation in terahertz wave range,” Wireless Eng. Technol. 2, 119–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communications research,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 32, 143–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Moeller, J. Federici, and K. Su, “2.5  Gbit/s duobinary signalling with narrow bandwidth 0.625 terahertz source,” Electron. Lett. 47, 856–858 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, A. Shutler, and D. Grischkowsky, “Measurement of the transmission of the atmosphere from 0.2 to 2 THz,” Opt. Express 19, 8830–8838 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

J. Federici and L. Moeller, “Review of terahertz and subterahertz wireless communications,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 111101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8  Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Effect of rain attenuation for a 10  Gb/s 120 GHz-band millimeter wave wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 3099–3105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

L. Moeller, J. Federici, A. Sinyukov, C. Xie, H. C. Lim, and R. C. Giles, “Data encoding on terahertz signals for communication and sensing,” Opt. Lett. 33, 393–395 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Jansen, R. Piesiewicz, D. Mittleman, T. Kurner, and M. Koch, “The Impact of reflections from stratified building materials on the wave propagation in future indoor terahertz communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1413–1419(2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

T. Mizuochi, “Recent progress in forward error correction and its interplay with transmission impairments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 544–554 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. Utsunomiya and M. Sekine, “Rain attenuation at 103 GHz in millimeter wave ranges,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 26, 1651–1660 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. Cherry, “Edholm’s law of bandwidth,” IEEE Spectrum 41(7), 58–60 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

D. Penninckx, M. Chbat, L. Pierre, and J. P. Thiery, “The phase-shaped binary transmission (PSBT): a new technique to transmit far beyond the chromatic dispersion limit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 259–261 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

A. Lender, “The duobinary technique for high-speed data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Commun. Electron. 82, 214–218 (1963).

Ajito, K.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8  Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Barat, R. B.

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Academic, 1983).

Chbat, M.

D. Penninckx, M. Chbat, L. Pierre, and J. P. Thiery, “The phase-shaped binary transmission (PSBT): a new technique to transmit far beyond the chromatic dispersion limit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 259–261 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cherry, S.

S. Cherry, “Edholm’s law of bandwidth,” IEEE Spectrum 41(7), 58–60 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Federici, J.

L. Moeller, J. Federici, and K. Su, “2.5  Gbit/s duobinary signalling with narrow bandwidth 0.625 terahertz source,” Electron. Lett. 47, 856–858 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Federici and L. Moeller, “Review of terahertz and subterahertz wireless communications,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 111101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Moeller, J. Federici, A. Sinyukov, C. Xie, H. C. Lim, and R. C. Giles, “Data encoding on terahertz signals for communication and sensing,” Opt. Lett. 33, 393–395 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Federici, J. F.

Furuta, T.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8  Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Giles, R. C.

Grischkowsky, D.

Hirata, A.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8  Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Effect of rain attenuation for a 10  Gb/s 120 GHz-band millimeter wave wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 3099–3105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

R. Yamaguchi, A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, Y. Kado, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, and T. Nakayama, “10  Gb/s MMIC wireless link exceeding 800 meters,” in Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 695–698.

Huffman, D. R.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Academic, 1983).

Ikeda, T.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

Ikegawa, H.

R. Yamaguchi, A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, Y. Kado, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, and T. Nakayama, “10  Gb/s MMIC wireless link exceeding 800 meters,” in Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 695–698.

Irino, A.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

Ishii, S.

S. Ishii, S. Sayama, and T. Kamei, “Measurement of rain attenuation in terahertz wave range,” Wireless Eng. Technol. 2, 119–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, C.

C. Jansen, R. Piesiewicz, D. Mittleman, T. Kurner, and M. Koch, “The Impact of reflections from stratified building materials on the wave propagation in future indoor terahertz communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1413–1419(2008).
[CrossRef]

Kado, Y.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8  Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Effect of rain attenuation for a 10  Gb/s 120 GHz-band millimeter wave wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 3099–3105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Yamaguchi, A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, Y. Kado, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, and T. Nakayama, “10  Gb/s MMIC wireless link exceeding 800 meters,” in Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 695–698.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

Kamei, T.

S. Ishii, S. Sayama, and T. Kamei, “Measurement of rain attenuation in terahertz wave range,” Wireless Eng. Technol. 2, 119–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kleine-Ostmann, T.

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communications research,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 32, 143–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Koch, M.

C. Jansen, R. Piesiewicz, D. Mittleman, T. Kurner, and M. Koch, “The Impact of reflections from stratified building materials on the wave propagation in future indoor terahertz communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1413–1419(2008).
[CrossRef]

Kosugi, T.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Effect of rain attenuation for a 10  Gb/s 120 GHz-band millimeter wave wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 3099–3105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Yamaguchi, A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, Y. Kado, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, and T. Nakayama, “10  Gb/s MMIC wireless link exceeding 800 meters,” in Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 695–698.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

Kukutsu, N.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8  Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Effect of rain attenuation for a 10  Gb/s 120 GHz-band millimeter wave wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 3099–3105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Yamaguchi, A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, Y. Kado, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, and T. Nakayama, “10  Gb/s MMIC wireless link exceeding 800 meters,” in Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 695–698.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

Kurner, T.

C. Jansen, R. Piesiewicz, D. Mittleman, T. Kurner, and M. Koch, “The Impact of reflections from stratified building materials on the wave propagation in future indoor terahertz communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1413–1419(2008).
[CrossRef]

Lender, A.

A. Lender, “The duobinary technique for high-speed data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Commun. Electron. 82, 214–218 (1963).

Lim, H. C.

Mann, C. M.

C. M. Mann, “Towards terahertz communications systems,” in Terahertz Sources and Systems, R. Miles, P. Harrison, and D. Lippens, eds. (Academic, 2001).

Mittleman, D.

C. Jansen, R. Piesiewicz, D. Mittleman, T. Kurner, and M. Koch, “The Impact of reflections from stratified building materials on the wave propagation in future indoor terahertz communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1413–1419(2008).
[CrossRef]

Mizuochi, T.

T. Mizuochi, “Recent progress in forward error correction and its interplay with transmission impairments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 544–554 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Moeller, L.

K. Su, L. Moeller, R. B. Barat, and J. F. Federici, “Experimental comparison of performance degradation from terahertz and infrared wireless links in fog,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 179–184 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Moeller, J. Federici, and K. Su, “2.5  Gbit/s duobinary signalling with narrow bandwidth 0.625 terahertz source,” Electron. Lett. 47, 856–858 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Federici and L. Moeller, “Review of terahertz and subterahertz wireless communications,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 111101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Moeller, J. Federici, A. Sinyukov, C. Xie, H. C. Lim, and R. C. Giles, “Data encoding on terahertz signals for communication and sensing,” Opt. Lett. 33, 393–395 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Muramoto, Y.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8  Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Murata, K.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Effect of rain attenuation for a 10  Gb/s 120 GHz-band millimeter wave wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 3099–3105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

Nagatsuma, T.

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communications research,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 32, 143–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8  Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Yamaguchi, A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, Y. Kado, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, and T. Nakayama, “10  Gb/s MMIC wireless link exceeding 800 meters,” in Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 695–698.

Nakayama, T.

R. Yamaguchi, A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, Y. Kado, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, and T. Nakayama, “10  Gb/s MMIC wireless link exceeding 800 meters,” in Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 695–698.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

Nishikawa, H.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

R. Yamaguchi, A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, Y. Kado, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, and T. Nakayama, “10  Gb/s MMIC wireless link exceeding 800 meters,” in Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 695–698.

Okabe, S.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

Penninckx, D.

D. Penninckx, M. Chbat, L. Pierre, and J. P. Thiery, “The phase-shaped binary transmission (PSBT): a new technique to transmit far beyond the chromatic dispersion limit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 259–261 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pierre, L.

D. Penninckx, M. Chbat, L. Pierre, and J. P. Thiery, “The phase-shaped binary transmission (PSBT): a new technique to transmit far beyond the chromatic dispersion limit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 259–261 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Piesiewicz, R.

C. Jansen, R. Piesiewicz, D. Mittleman, T. Kurner, and M. Koch, “The Impact of reflections from stratified building materials on the wave propagation in future indoor terahertz communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1413–1419(2008).
[CrossRef]

Sayama, S.

S. Ishii, S. Sayama, and T. Kamei, “Measurement of rain attenuation in terahertz wave range,” Wireless Eng. Technol. 2, 119–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sekine, M.

T. Utsunomiya and M. Sekine, “Rain attenuation at 103 GHz in millimeter wave ranges,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 26, 1651–1660 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shogen, K.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

Shutler, A.

Sinyukov, A.

Song, H.-J.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8  Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Su, K.

K. Su, L. Moeller, R. B. Barat, and J. F. Federici, “Experimental comparison of performance degradation from terahertz and infrared wireless links in fog,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 179–184 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Moeller, J. Federici, and K. Su, “2.5  Gbit/s duobinary signalling with narrow bandwidth 0.625 terahertz source,” Electron. Lett. 47, 856–858 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sudo, N.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

Suginosita, F.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

Takahashi, H.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Effect of rain attenuation for a 10  Gb/s 120 GHz-band millimeter wave wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 3099–3105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Yamaguchi, A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, Y. Kado, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, and T. Nakayama, “10  Gb/s MMIC wireless link exceeding 800 meters,” in Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 695–698.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

Takeuchi, J.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

Thiery, J. P.

D. Penninckx, M. Chbat, L. Pierre, and J. P. Thiery, “The phase-shaped binary transmission (PSBT): a new technique to transmit far beyond the chromatic dispersion limit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 259–261 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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T. Utsunomiya and M. Sekine, “Rain attenuation at 103 GHz in millimeter wave ranges,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 26, 1651–1660 (2005).
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H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8  Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1121–1122 (2009).
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A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Effect of rain attenuation for a 10  Gb/s 120 GHz-band millimeter wave wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 3099–3105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Yamaguchi, A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, Y. Kado, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, and T. Nakayama, “10  Gb/s MMIC wireless link exceeding 800 meters,” in Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 695–698.

Yang, Y.

Electron. Lett. (2)

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8  Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1121–1122 (2009).
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[CrossRef]

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S. Cherry, “Edholm’s law of bandwidth,” IEEE Spectrum 41(7), 58–60 (2004).
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C. Jansen, R. Piesiewicz, D. Mittleman, T. Kurner, and M. Koch, “The Impact of reflections from stratified building materials on the wave propagation in future indoor terahertz communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1413–1419(2008).
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[CrossRef]

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T. Utsunomiya and M. Sekine, “Rain attenuation at 103 GHz in millimeter wave ranges,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 26, 1651–1660 (2005).
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R. Yamaguchi, A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, Y. Kado, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, and T. Nakayama, “10  Gb/s MMIC wireless link exceeding 800 meters,” in Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 695–698.

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C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Academic, 1983).

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, J. Takeuchi, K. Murata, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, S. Okabe, T. Ikeda, F. Suginosita, K. Shogen, H. Nishikawa, A. Irino, T. Nakayama, and N. Sudo, “5.8 km 10 Gbps data transmission over a 120 GHz-band wireless link,” in IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–4.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Air turbulence causes refractive index fluctuations resulting in speckle (intensity variations at receiver).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Schematic diagram of the THz and IR wireless communication link through a dust chamber, (b) photo of setup, and (c) schematic diagram of the dust chamber design.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Attenuation of THz link and IR link as the function of time, (b) Log(BER) of THz link and IR link as the function of time.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Attenuation of IR link for different dust concentrations, (b) Log(BER) of IR link for different dust concentrations, (c) Attenuation of THz link for different dust concentrations, (d) Log(BER) of THz link for different dust concentrations (offset with the values mentioned in the legend).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Output signal of single mode fiber detector with cubic polynomial fit. (b) Output signal of free space detector with cubic polynomial fit. (c) Output signal of MM fiber detector with cubic polynomial fit. (d) Normalized standard deviation of different amount of dust for single mode fiber detector, MM fiber detector, and free space detector.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) The particle density with time. (b) Comparison of experimental results, experimental results after undergoing a smoothing algorithm and simulation results of THz attenuation. (c) Predicted THz and sub-THz attenuation duo to bentonite particles (particle density: 4×109/m3, 4.3 μm particle radius, and a real index of 1.54).

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Ns=NVchamber=(mpVpρp)/Vchamber=(mp43πr3ρp)/Vchamber,
σtotal2/V2(t)=σelectronics2/V2(t)+σair2/Vinitial2+σdust-scintillation2/Vinitial2,
τ(λ,R)=P(λ,R)P(λ,0)=eγ(λ)R=eσsNsR,
σs(v)=c22πv2m=1(2m+1)Re(am+bm),
am=ψm(y)ψm(x)nψm(y)ψm(x)ψm(y)ζm(x)nψm(y)ζm(x)bm=nψm(y)ψm(x)ψm(y)ψm(x)nψm(y)ζm(x)ψm(y)ζm(x),
ψm(z)=zjm(z)ζm(z)=zhm(2)(z).
Ns=ln(P(λ,R)P(λ,0))Rσs.
att_dB=10×log10P(λ,0)P(λ,R).
Ns=att_dB×ln1010×R×σs.

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