Abstract

Based on the concept of complementary media and optical transformation, a multifunctional complementary cloak composed of homogeneous anisotropic materials with no singularities is proposed in this paper. The full-wave simulations based on the finite element method are performed to demonstrate the multifunctional characteristics of the proposed multifunctional cloak. The simulation results show that the proposed multifunctional cloak can be used as a complementary cloak, a transparency device, and an illusion cloak. In addition, the effect of loss on the performance of the multifunctional cloak is analyzed for future practical application.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. B. Pendry, D. Schuring, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schuring, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Q. Wu, K. Zhang, F. Y. Meng, and L. W. Li, “Material parameters characterization for arbitrary N-sided regular polygonal invisible cloak,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42, 035408 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Yan, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Non-magnetic simplified cylindrical cloak with suppressed zeroth order scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021909 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Li and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with arbitrary geometries,” Opt. Express 16, 13414–13420 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Cojocaru, “Exact analytical approaches for elliptic cylindrical invisibility cloaks,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1119–1123 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. S. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 203901 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. I. Popa and S. A. Cummer, “Cloaking with optimized homogeneous anisotropic layers,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023806 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. F. Xu, and Y. J. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. Xu, Y. Feng, S. Xiong, J. Fan, J. M. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 154104 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. L. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. G. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 033901 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. Kante, D. Germain, and A. Lustrac, “Experimental demonstration of a nonmagnetic metamaterial cloak at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201104 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. F. Yang, J. J. Yang, M. Huang, Z. Xiao, and J. H. Peng, “An external cloak with arbitrary cross section based on complementary medium and coordinate transformation,” Opt. Express 19, 1147–1157 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. J. Yang, M. Huang, C. F. Yang, and J. Yu, “Reciprocal invisibility cloak based on complementary media,” Eur. Phys. J. D 61, 731–736 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  22. W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. W. X. Jiang and T. J. Cui, “Moving targets virtually via composite optical transformation,” Opt. Express 18, 5161–5167 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  24. T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 6, 87–95 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  26. C. Yang, J. Yang, M. Huang, J. Shi, and J. Peng, “Electromagnetic cylindrical transparent devices with irregular cross section,” Radioengineering 19, 136–140 (2010).
  27. Z. L. Mei, T. M. Niu, J. Bai, and T. J. Cui, “Design of transparent cloaks with arbitrarily inner and outer boundaries,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 124908 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  28. H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  29. K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. H. Fu, and L. W. Li, “Cylindrical electromagnetic concentrator with only axial constitutive parameter spatially variant,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1573–1577 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  30. T. H. Li, M. Huang, J. J. Yang, J. Yu, and Y. Z. Lan, “Diamond-shaped electromagnetic transparent devices with homogeneous material parameters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44, 325102(2011).
    [CrossRef]
  31. X. F. Zang and C. Jiang, “A rotatable and amplifying optical transformation device,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1082–1087(2011).
    [CrossRef]
  32. S. Xi, H. S. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “One-directional perfect cloak created with homogeneous material,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 19, 131–133 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (8)

X. Xu, Y. Feng, S. Xiong, J. Fan, J. M. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 154104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. G. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 033901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Yang, M. Huang, C. F. Yang, and J. Yu, “Reciprocal invisibility cloak based on complementary media,” Eur. Phys. J. D 61, 731–736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Li, M. Huang, J. J. Yang, J. Yu, and Y. Z. Lan, “Diamond-shaped electromagnetic transparent devices with homogeneous material parameters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44, 325102(2011).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Yang, J. J. Yang, M. Huang, Z. Xiao, and J. H. Peng, “An external cloak with arbitrary cross section based on complementary medium and coordinate transformation,” Opt. Express 19, 1147–1157 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Zang and C. Jiang, “A rotatable and amplifying optical transformation device,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1082–1087(2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. H. Fu, and L. W. Li, “Cylindrical electromagnetic concentrator with only axial constitutive parameter spatially variant,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1573–1577 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

W. X. Jiang and T. J. Cui, “Moving targets virtually via composite optical transformation,” Opt. Express 18, 5161–5167 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Yang, J. Yang, M. Huang, J. Shi, and J. Peng, “Electromagnetic cylindrical transparent devices with irregular cross section,” Radioengineering 19, 136–140 (2010).

Z. L. Mei, T. M. Niu, J. Bai, and T. J. Cui, “Design of transparent cloaks with arbitrarily inner and outer boundaries,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 124908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (10)

S. Xi, H. S. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “One-directional perfect cloak created with homogeneous material,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 19, 131–133 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Cojocaru, “Exact analytical approaches for elliptic cylindrical invisibility cloaks,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1119–1123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Kante, D. Germain, and A. Lustrac, “Experimental demonstration of a nonmagnetic metamaterial cloak at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Popa and S. A. Cummer, “Cloaking with optimized homogeneous anisotropic layers,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. F. Xu, and Y. J. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, K. Zhang, F. Y. Meng, and L. W. Li, “Material parameters characterization for arbitrary N-sided regular polygonal invisible cloak,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42, 035408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (7)

J. S. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Yan, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Non-magnetic simplified cylindrical cloak with suppressed zeroth order scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Li and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with arbitrary geometries,” Opt. Express 16, 13414–13420 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schuring, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schuring, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bai, J.

Z. L. Mei, T. M. Niu, J. Bai, and T. J. Cui, “Design of transparent cloaks with arbitrarily inner and outer boundaries,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 124908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barbastathis, G.

B. L. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. G. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 033901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. T.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. S.

S. Xi, H. S. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “One-directional perfect cloak created with homogeneous material,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 19, 131–133 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. Y.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Q.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin, J. Y.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cojocaru, E.

Cui, T. J.

W. X. Jiang and T. J. Cui, “Moving targets virtually via composite optical transformation,” Opt. Express 18, 5161–5167 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Mei, T. M. Niu, J. Bai, and T. J. Cui, “Design of transparent cloaks with arbitrarily inner and outer boundaries,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 124908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cummer, S. A.

B. I. Popa and S. A. Cummer, “Cloaking with optimized homogeneous anisotropic layers,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schuring, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fan, J.

X. Xu, Y. Feng, S. Xiong, J. Fan, J. M. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 154104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.

X. Xu, Y. Feng, S. Xiong, J. Fan, J. M. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 154104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y. J.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. F. Xu, and Y. J. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fu, J. H.

Germain, D.

B. Kante, D. Germain, and A. Lustrac, “Experimental demonstration of a nonmagnetic metamaterial cloak at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Han, D. Z.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, G. K.

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. F. Xu, and Y. J. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.

C. F. Yang, J. J. Yang, M. Huang, Z. Xiao, and J. H. Peng, “An external cloak with arbitrary cross section based on complementary medium and coordinate transformation,” Opt. Express 19, 1147–1157 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Li, M. Huang, J. J. Yang, J. Yu, and Y. Z. Lan, “Diamond-shaped electromagnetic transparent devices with homogeneous material parameters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44, 325102(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Yang, M. Huang, C. F. Yang, and J. Yu, “Reciprocal invisibility cloak based on complementary media,” Eur. Phys. J. D 61, 731–736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Yang, J. Yang, M. Huang, J. Shi, and J. Peng, “Electromagnetic cylindrical transparent devices with irregular cross section,” Radioengineering 19, 136–140 (2010).

Jiang, C.

Jiang, K.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, T.

X. Xu, Y. Feng, S. Xiong, J. Fan, J. M. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 154104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W. X.

W. X. Jiang and T. J. Cui, “Moving targets virtually via composite optical transformation,” Opt. Express 18, 5161–5167 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kante, B.

B. Kante, D. Germain, and A. Lustrac, “Experimental demonstration of a nonmagnetic metamaterial cloak at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kong, J. A.

S. Xi, H. S. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “One-directional perfect cloak created with homogeneous material,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 19, 131–133 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lai, Y.

Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lan, Y. Z.

T. H. Li, M. Huang, J. J. Yang, J. Yu, and Y. Z. Lan, “Diamond-shaped electromagnetic transparent devices with homogeneous material parameters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44, 325102(2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

Li, F.

Li, J. S.

J. S. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, L. W.

K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. H. Fu, and L. W. Li, “Cylindrical electromagnetic concentrator with only axial constitutive parameter spatially variant,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1573–1577 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, K. Zhang, F. Y. Meng, and L. W. Li, “Material parameters characterization for arbitrary N-sided regular polygonal invisible cloak,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42, 035408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, T. H.

T. H. Li, M. Huang, J. J. Yang, J. Yu, and Y. Z. Lan, “Diamond-shaped electromagnetic transparent devices with homogeneous material parameters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44, 325102(2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R. P.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. G.

B. L. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. G. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 033901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luo, X.

Luo, Y.

B. L. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. G. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 033901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lustrac, A.

B. Kante, D. Germain, and A. Lustrac, “Experimental demonstration of a nonmagnetic metamaterial cloak at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mei, Z. L.

Z. L. Mei, T. M. Niu, J. Bai, and T. J. Cui, “Design of transparent cloaks with arbitrarily inner and outer boundaries,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 124908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meng, F. Y.

Q. Wu, K. Zhang, F. Y. Meng, and L. W. Li, “Material parameters characterization for arbitrary N-sided regular polygonal invisible cloak,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42, 035408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ng, J.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Niu, T. M.

Z. L. Mei, T. M. Niu, J. Bai, and T. J. Cui, “Design of transparent cloaks with arbitrarily inner and outer boundaries,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 124908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schuring, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schuring, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.

C. Yang, J. Yang, M. Huang, J. Shi, and J. Peng, “Electromagnetic cylindrical transparent devices with irregular cross section,” Radioengineering 19, 136–140 (2010).

Peng, J. H.

Popa, B. I.

B. I. Popa and S. A. Cummer, “Cloaking with optimized homogeneous anisotropic layers,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schuring, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, C. W.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. F. Xu, and Y. J. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

W. Yan, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Non-magnetic simplified cylindrical cloak with suppressed zeroth order scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qu, S.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rahm, M.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, D. A.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schuring, D.

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schuring, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schuring, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.

C. Yang, J. Yang, M. Huang, J. Shi, and J. Peng, “Electromagnetic cylindrical transparent devices with irregular cross section,” Radioengineering 19, 136–140 (2010).

Smith, D. R.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schuring, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schuring, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B. I.

S. Xi, H. S. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “One-directional perfect cloak created with homogeneous material,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 19, 131–133 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. H. Fu, and L. W. Li, “Cylindrical electromagnetic concentrator with only axial constitutive parameter spatially variant,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1573–1577 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, K. Zhang, F. Y. Meng, and L. W. Li, “Material parameters characterization for arbitrary N-sided regular polygonal invisible cloak,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42, 035408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xi, S.

S. Xi, H. S. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “One-directional perfect cloak created with homogeneous material,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 19, 131–133 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, J. J.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, Z.

Xiong, S.

X. Xu, Y. Feng, S. Xiong, J. Fan, J. M. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 154104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

X. Xu, Y. Feng, S. Xiong, J. Fan, J. M. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 154104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. F.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. F. Xu, and Y. J. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M.

W. Yan, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Non-magnetic simplified cylindrical cloak with suppressed zeroth order scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yan, W.

W. Yan, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Non-magnetic simplified cylindrical cloak with suppressed zeroth order scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.

C. Yang, J. Yang, M. Huang, J. Shi, and J. Peng, “Electromagnetic cylindrical transparent devices with irregular cross section,” Radioengineering 19, 136–140 (2010).

Yang, C. F.

Yang, J.

C. Yang, J. Yang, M. Huang, J. Shi, and J. Peng, “Electromagnetic cylindrical transparent devices with irregular cross section,” Radioengineering 19, 136–140 (2010).

Yang, J. J.

C. F. Yang, J. J. Yang, M. Huang, Z. Xiao, and J. H. Peng, “An external cloak with arbitrary cross section based on complementary medium and coordinate transformation,” Opt. Express 19, 1147–1157 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Li, M. Huang, J. J. Yang, J. Yu, and Y. Z. Lan, “Diamond-shaped electromagnetic transparent devices with homogeneous material parameters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44, 325102(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Yang, M. Huang, C. F. Yang, and J. Yu, “Reciprocal invisibility cloak based on complementary media,” Eur. Phys. J. D 61, 731–736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T.

Yang, X. M.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

T. H. Li, M. Huang, J. J. Yang, J. Yu, and Y. Z. Lan, “Diamond-shaped electromagnetic transparent devices with homogeneous material parameters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44, 325102(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Yang, M. Huang, C. F. Yang, and J. Yu, “Reciprocal invisibility cloak based on complementary media,” Eur. Phys. J. D 61, 731–736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zang, X. F.

Zhang, B. L.

B. L. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. G. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 033901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, K.

K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. H. Fu, and L. W. Li, “Cylindrical electromagnetic concentrator with only axial constitutive parameter spatially variant,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1573–1577 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, K. Zhang, F. Y. Meng, and L. W. Li, “Material parameters characterization for arbitrary N-sided regular polygonal invisible cloak,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42, 035408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. Q.

Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J. M.

X. Xu, Y. Feng, S. Xiong, J. Fan, J. M. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 154104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X. M.

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

J. Hu, X. M. Zhou, and G. K. Hu, “Nonsingular two dimensional cloak of arbitrary shape,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Yan, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Non-magnetic simplified cylindrical cloak with suppressed zeroth order scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Xu, Y. Feng, S. Xiong, J. Fan, J. M. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 154104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

J. J. Yang, M. Huang, C. F. Yang, and J. Yu, “Reciprocal invisibility cloak based on complementary media,” Eur. Phys. J. D 61, 731–736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. (1)

S. Xi, H. S. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “One-directional perfect cloak created with homogeneous material,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 19, 131–133 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Z. L. Mei, T. M. Niu, J. Bai, and T. J. Cui, “Design of transparent cloaks with arbitrarily inner and outer boundaries,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 124908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (2)

Q. Wu, K. Zhang, F. Y. Meng, and L. W. Li, “Material parameters characterization for arbitrary N-sided regular polygonal invisible cloak,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42, 035408 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Li, M. Huang, J. J. Yang, J. Yu, and Y. Z. Lan, “Diamond-shaped electromagnetic transparent devices with homogeneous material parameters,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44, 325102(2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun. (1)

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. (1)

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 6, 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, J. Zhang, B. Chen, and J. Wang, “Material parameter equation for elliptical cylindrical cloaks,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Popa and S. A. Cummer, “Cloaking with optimized homogeneous anisotropic layers,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

B. Kante, D. Germain, and A. Lustrac, “Experimental demonstration of a nonmagnetic metamaterial cloak at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. F. Xu, and Y. J. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schuring, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

J. S. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. G. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 033901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Radioengineering (1)

C. Yang, J. Yang, M. Huang, J. Shi, and J. Peng, “Electromagnetic cylindrical transparent devices with irregular cross section,” Radioengineering 19, 136–140 (2010).

Science (2)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schuring, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the multifunctional device.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Material parameter distribution for the multifunctional device.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Electric field distributions in the vicinity of the ideal multifunctional cloak under a TE plane wave. (a) TE wave is incident from left to right. (b) TE wave is incident with an angle of 45°.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Snapshots of the electric fields under an incident TE plane wave from the left. (a) The circular object (ε=μ=3) is located in free space. (b) The circular object shown in (a) is cloaked by the ideal device with an embedded corresponding antiobject. (c) The circular object shown in (a) is cloaked by the equivalent device with an embedded corresponding antiobject.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Far-field patterns of the case shown in Figs. 4(a)4(c).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Electric field distributions in the vicinity of the ideal device. (a) The circular object and square object (ε=μ=3) are located in free space. (b) The circular and square objects shown in (a) are both cloaked by the multifunctional device with two corresponding antiobjects embedded in the folding region. (c) A line source is located at (1.5,1.5). (d) A line source is located at (0, 0).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Electric field distributions of the horn antenna. (a) Near-field distributions of the horn antenna in the free space. (b) Near-field distributions of the horn antenna covered by the ideal device shown in Fig. 4(b). (c) Near-field distributions of the horn antenna covered by the equivalent device shown in Fig. 4(c).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Normalized far-field spectra of the horn antenna in free space and covered by the ideal and equivalent devices.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Numerical demonstration of transforming the image of a circular dielectric [shown in Fig. 4(a)] into that of a triangular dielectric (ε=μ=3) through the proposed device. (a) Scattering pattern of the triangular dielectric (ε=μ=3). (b) Scattering pattern of the circular dielectric is changed into that of the triangular dielectric by the ideal device. (c) Scattering pattern of the circular dielectric is changed into that of the triangular dielectric by the equivalent device.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Electric field distributions in the vicinity of the ideal device [shown in Fig. 4(b)] with different loss tangents: (a) tg a=0.001, (b) tg a=0.01, and (c) tg a=0.1.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Far-field patterns of the circular object covered with the device [shown in Fig. 4(b)] with different loss tangents.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Near-field distributions of the horn antenna located in the ideal device [shown in the Fig. 7(b)] with different loss tangents: (a) tg a=0.001, (b) tg a=0.01, and (c) tg a=0.1.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Normalized far-field spectra of the horn antenna located in the ideal device [shown in Fig. 7(b)] with different loss tangents.

Fig. 14.
Fig. 14.

Scattering pattern of the case [shown in Fig. 9(b)] with different loss tangents: (a) tg a=0.001, (b) tg a=0.01, and (c) tg a=0.1.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

x=x,y=k1y+k2,z=z,
x=x,y=k3y+k4,z=z,
x=x,y=k5x+k6y,z=z,
x=x,y=k5x+k6y,z=z,
ε=μ=(1k1k11k1).
ε=μ=(1k3000k30001k3).
ε=μ=(1k6k5k60k5k6k52+k62k60001k6).
ε=μ=(1k6k5k60k5k6k52+k62k60001k6).

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