Abstract

A nearly exact general equation for geometrical angular deviations from the Bragg angle over entire curved crystal surfaces is derived using a toroidally curvilinear coordinate system and applied on the nine conventional crystal geometries. Although the derived formula confirms Wittry’s results for the first five cases, it shows considerable differences for the more important cases, such as 45° point focusing, general point focusing, and Berreman geometries. The effective scattering areas for the mentioned cases have been derived, plotted, and interpreted. A point-to-point focusing crystal geometry is introduced, and it is shown that it approaches Wittry’s and spherical plane–spherical Johansson geometries as θB90° and θB0°, respectively.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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