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E. L. O’Neill, Introduction to Statistical Optics (Dover, 2003), Chap. 8.

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I. Moreno, M. J. Yzuel, J. Campos, and A. Vargas, “Jones matrix treatment for polarization Fourier optics,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2031–2038 (2004).

[CrossRef]

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, “Coherence Properties of Optical Fields,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 37, 231–287 (1965).

[CrossRef]

E. Wolf, “A macroscopic theory of interference and diffraction of light from finite sources I. Field with a narrow spectral range,” Proc. R. Soc. A 225, 96–111 (1954).

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I. Moreno, M. J. Yzuel, J. Campos, and A. Vargas, “Jones matrix treatment for polarization Fourier optics,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2031–2038 (2004).

[CrossRef]

I. Moreno, M. J. Yzuel, J. Campos, and A. Vargas, “Jones matrix treatment for polarization Fourier optics,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2031–2038 (2004).

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E. Wolf, “A macroscopic theory of interference and diffraction of light from finite sources I. Field with a narrow spectral range,” Proc. R. Soc. A 225, 96–111 (1954).

[CrossRef]

H. H. Hopkins, “On the diffraction theory of optical image,” Proc. R. Soc. A 217, 408–432 (1953).

[CrossRef]

K. Yamazoe and A. R. Neureuther, “Aerial image calculation by eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of a matrix that includes source, pupil and mask,” Proc. SPIE-Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 7640, 76400N (2010).

[CrossRef]

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, “Coherence Properties of Optical Fields,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 37, 231–287 (1965).

[CrossRef]

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics, (Wiley, 2000), Chap. 5.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, 1980), Chap. 10.

E. Hecht, Optics, 4th International ed. (Addison Wesley, 2002), Chap. 12.

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics, (Wiley, 2000), Chap. 7.

A. Luis, “An overview of coherence and polarization properties for multicomponent electromagnetic waves,” in Advances in Information Optics and Photonics, A.T.Friberg and R.Dändliker, eds. (SPIE, 2008), Chap. 9.

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J. Perina, Coherence of light (Kluwer, 1985) Chap. 5.

For entropy, the term Shannon entropy is used in this paper, although the term von Neumann entropy is used in .

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H. Gamo, “Matrix treatment of partial coherence,” in Progress in Optics, Vol. III, E.Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1964), Chap. 3.

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E. L. O’Neill, Introduction to Statistical Optics (Dover, 2003), Chap. 8.