In this work we analyze the near-field intensity distribution produced by a rough grating illuminated with a Gaussian–Schell-model beam. This kind of grating is formed by rough and smooth slits. Statistical techniques are used to describe the grating, and the Fresnel approach is used to perform the propagation of light. Two kinds of coherence affect the light propagation. One of them comes from the light beam, since it is not totally coherent. The other one comes from the rough topography of the grating surface. We have found that the Talbot effect is not present just after the grating, but it gradually increases. In addition, the contrast of the self-images decreases from a certain distance due to the coherence properties of the illumination beam. Then, the self-imaging process is only present between two specific distances from the grating. To corroborate the analytical results, we have performed numerical simulations for the mean intensity distribution based on the Sommerfeld–Rayleigh approach, showing their validity.
© 2011 Optical Society of America
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