H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nature Mater. 9, 387–396 (2010).

[CrossRef]

U. Leonhardt and T. Tyc, “Broadband invisibility by non-euclidean cloaking,” Science 323, 110–112 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nature Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).

[CrossRef]

P. Alitalo and S. Tretyakov, “Electromagnetic cloaking with metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12, 22–29 (2009).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, and T. J. Cui, “Anisotropic metamaterial devices,” Mater. Today 12, 26–33 (2009).

[CrossRef]

J. J. Yang, M. Huang, C. F. Yang, Z. Xiao, and J. H. Peng, “Metamaterial electromagnetic concentrators with arbitrary geometries,” Opt. Express 17, 19656–19661 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Chen, Y. Fu, and N. Yuan, “Invisible cloak design with controlled constitutive parameters and arbitrary shaped boundaries through Helmholtz’s equation,” Opt. Express 17, 3581–3586 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Hu, X. Zhou, and G. Hu, “Design method for electromagnetic cloak with arbitrary shapes based on Laplace’s equation,” Opt. Express 17, 1308–1320 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Numerical method for designing approximate cloaks with arbitrary shapes,” Phys. Rev. E 78, 036608 (2008).

[CrossRef]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, “Plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 16, 21793–21800 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14, 9794–9804 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Alitalo and S. Tretyakov, “Electromagnetic cloaking with metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12, 22–29 (2009).

[CrossRef]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nature Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).

[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nature Mater. 9, 387–396 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nature Mater. 9, 387–396 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, and T. J. Cui, “Anisotropic metamaterial devices,” Mater. Today 12, 26–33 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, and T. J. Cui, “Anisotropic metamaterial devices,” Mater. Today 12, 26–33 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).

[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, and T. J. Cui, “Anisotropic metamaterial devices,” Mater. Today 12, 26–33 (2009).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).

[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

U. Leonhardt and T. Tyc, “Broadband invisibility by non-euclidean cloaking,” Science 323, 110–112 (2009).

[CrossRef]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nature Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).

[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Numerical method for designing approximate cloaks with arbitrary shapes,” Phys. Rev. E 78, 036608 (2008).

[CrossRef]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14, 9794–9804 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Numerical method for designing approximate cloaks with arbitrary shapes,” Phys. Rev. E 78, 036608 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14, 9794–9804 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nature Mater. 9, 387–396 (2010).

[CrossRef]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14, 9794–9804 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Alitalo and S. Tretyakov, “Electromagnetic cloaking with metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12, 22–29 (2009).

[CrossRef]

U. Leonhardt and T. Tyc, “Broadband invisibility by non-euclidean cloaking,” Science 323, 110–112 (2009).

[CrossRef]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nature Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).

[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Numerical method for designing approximate cloaks with arbitrary shapes,” Phys. Rev. E 78, 036608 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Numerical method for designing approximate cloaks with arbitrary shapes,” Phys. Rev. E 78, 036608 (2008).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nature Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).

[CrossRef]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nature Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, and T. J. Cui, “Anisotropic metamaterial devices,” Mater. Today 12, 26–33 (2009).

[CrossRef]

P. Alitalo and S. Tretyakov, “Electromagnetic cloaking with metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12, 22–29 (2009).

[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nature Mater. 9, 387–396 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nature Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).

[CrossRef]

X. Chen, Y. Fu, and N. Yuan, “Invisible cloak design with controlled constitutive parameters and arbitrary shaped boundaries through Helmholtz’s equation,” Opt. Express 17, 3581–3586 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Hu, X. Zhou, and G. Hu, “Design method for electromagnetic cloak with arbitrary shapes based on Laplace’s equation,” Opt. Express 17, 1308–1320 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14, 9794–9804 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, “Plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 16, 21793–21800 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. J. Yang, M. Huang, C. F. Yang, Z. Xiao, and J. H. Peng, “Metamaterial electromagnetic concentrators with arbitrary geometries,” Opt. Express 17, 19656–19661 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 87–95 (2008).

[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Numerical method for designing approximate cloaks with arbitrary shapes,” Phys. Rev. E 78, 036608 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

U. Leonhardt and T. Tyc, “Broadband invisibility by non-euclidean cloaking,” Science 323, 110–112 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]