We discuss a method for the study of the spatial statistics of the ocular aberrations, based on the direct use of the Hartmann–Shack centroid displacements, avoiding the wavefront reconstruction step. Centroid diagrams are introduced as a helpful aid to visualize basic properties of the aberration datasets, and slope-related second-order statistical functions are applied to check the compatibility between the experimental data and different models for the aberration statistics. Preliminary results suggest that no single power-law spectrum (e.g., Kolmogorov’s) is able to represent the whole range of spatial statistics of individual eye fluctuations and that more elaborated models, including at least the contribution of a relevant defocus fluctuation term, are required. This centroid-based approach allows for an easier intercomparison of results between laboratories and avoids the bias and information loss associated with the estimation of a reduced number of Zernike coefficients from a much wider slope data set.
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