Abstract

Typically, refractive lenses are used to focus rays of light, but an alternative way can be found by exploiting diffraction of light. It is well known that cascades of hard-edge apertures are able to focus light but with the great drawback of absorption losses. In this paper, we demonstrate that replacing hard-edge apertures with π-phase plates within a cascade greatly improves the focusing of collimated Gaussian beams. In addition, we propose a simple model to design this cascade, in particular to find the locations and the radii of the different optics once the focal length has been chosen. This model deduced from numerical simulation is useful for sizing cascades consisting of a high number of components and characterized by a strong focusing ability, without requiring a time-consuming optimization process.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (5)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (37)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription