Abstract

With the perspective to achieve an in-depth understanding of metallic periodic surfaces, we study the surface plasmon polaritons that are locally excited on the ridges (between the indentations) of metallic lamellar gratings composed of slits or grooves. An approximate model and fully vectorial computational results show that the normalized excitation rate is rather small for slit arrays (10 at maximum) and is surprisingly weakly dependent on the metal permittivity. Additionally, the analysis is supported by an intuitive microscopic model that shines new light on the role of surface plasmons in the transmission and resonance anomalies of periodic metallic surfaces.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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