The relative importance of the various optical elements of the human eye are analyzed to determine which contribute most to the chromatic variance in total refractive power of the eye. The concept of differential dispersion, defined as the change in the difference in index of refraction across a refractive surface with change in wavelength, is used to provide a theoretical tool for this analysis. The theoretical treatment shows that almost all the chromatic effect will be caused by the air–tear interface. Calculations of model eyes are made that support this view. Four model eyes are examined, an emmetropic eye, a hyperopic eye, a myopic eye, and an emmetropic eye accommodating .
© 2010 Optical Society of America
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