Abstract

Multi-object adaptive optics (MOAO) is a solution developed to perform a correction by adaptive optics (AO) in a science large field of view. As in many wide-field AO schemes, a tomographic reconstruction of the turbulence volume is required in order to compute the MOAO corrections to be applied in the dedicated directions of the observed very faint targets. The specificity of MOAO is the open-loop control of the deformable mirrors by a number of wavefront sensors (WFSs) that are coupled to bright guide stars in different directions. MOAO calls for new procedures both for the cross registration of all the channels and for the computation of the tomographic reconstructor. We propose a new approach, called “Learn and Apply (L&A)”, that allows us to retrieve the tomographic reconstructor using the on-sky wavefront measurements from an MOAO instrument. This method is also used to calibrate the registrations between the off-axis wavefront sensors and the deformable mirrors placed in the science optical paths. We propose a procedure linking the WFSs in the different directions and measuring directly on-sky the required covariance matrices needed for the reconstructor. We present the theoretical expressions of the turbulence spatial covariance of wavefront slopes allowing one to derive any turbulent covariance matrix between two wavefront sensors. Finally, we discuss the convergence issue on the measured covariance matrices, we propose the fitting of the data based on the theoretical slope covariance using a reduced number of turbulence parameters, and we present the computation of a fully modeled reconstructor.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2010 (2)

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, M. Brangier, A. Sevin, G. Rousset, and Z. Hubert, “Tomography reconstruction using the Learn and Apply algorithm,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference—Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 7001-1–7001-6.
[CrossRef]

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

2009 (2)

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 22, 573–589 (2009).

B. Neichel, T. Fusco, and J. M. Conan, “Tomographic reconstruction for wide-field adaptive optics systems: Fourier domain analysis and fundamental limitations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 219-235 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

A. Costille, C. Petit, J. M. Conan, T. Fusco, C. Kulcsár, and H. F. Raynaud, “Optimization of MCAO performances: experimental results on ONERA laboratory MCAO bench,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701547-1–701547-10 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromillio, “The 42 m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219-1–701219-10 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

V. Velur, R. C. Flicker, B. C. Platt, M. C. Britton, R. G. Dekany, M. Troy, J. E. Roberts, J. Shelton, and J. Hickey, “Multiple guide star tomography demonstration at Palomar observatory,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62725C (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Petit, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, T. Fusco, J. Montri, and D. Rabaud, “First laboratory demonstration of closed-loop Kalman based optimal control for vibration filtering and simplified MCAO,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62721T (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, N. M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder, and R. Angel, “Tomographic reconstruction of stellar wavefronts from multiple laser guide stars,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627203 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

R. G. Dekany, M. C. Britton, D. T. Gavel, B. L. Ellerbroek, G. Herriot, C. E. Max, and J. P. Veran, “Adaptive optics requirements definition for TMT,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 879–890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Gavel, “Tomography for multiconjugate adaptive optics systems using laser guide stars,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1356–1373 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Le Roux, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, L. Mugnier, and T. Fusco, “Optimal control law for classical and multiconjugate adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1261–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

R. W. Wilson, “SLODAR: measuring optical turbulence altitude with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 337, 103–108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

2000 (1)

R. Ragazzoni, E. Marchetti, and G. Valente, “Adaptive-optics corrections available for the whole sky,” Nature (London) 403, 54–56 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1990 (1)

C. Boyer, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Adaptive optics: interaction matrix measurements and real time control algorithms for the COME ON project,” Proc. SPIE 1237, 406–424 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

E. P. Wallner, “Comparison of wave-front sensor configurations using optimal reconstruction and correction,” Proc. SPIE 351, 42–53 (1982).

D. L. Fried, “Anisoplanatism in Adaptive Optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 52–61 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

F. Roddier, “The effects of atmospheric turbulence in optical astronomy,” Prog. Opt. 19, 281–376 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

D. Marquardt “An algorithm for least-squares estimation of nonlinear parameters,” J. Appl. Math. 11, 431–441 (1963).

Agabi, A.

Allington-Smith, J.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Amans, J. P.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ammons, S. M.

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 22, 573–589 (2009).

Amorim, A.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Angel, R.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, N. M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder, and R. Angel, “Tomographic reconstruction of stellar wavefronts from multiple laser guide stars,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627203 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Assemat, F.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Avila, R.

Bagnara, P.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baranec, C.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, N. M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder, and R. Angel, “Tomographic reconstruction of stellar wavefronts from multiple laser guide stars,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627203 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baruffolo, A.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Basden, A.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bauman, B. J.

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 22, 573–589 (2009).

Beard, S.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Borgnino, J.

Boyer, C.

C. Boyer, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Adaptive optics: interaction matrix measurements and real time control algorithms for the COME ON project,” Proc. SPIE 1237, 406–424 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Brangier, M.

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, M. Brangier, A. Sevin, G. Rousset, and Z. Hubert, “Tomography reconstruction using the Learn and Apply algorithm,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference—Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 7001-1–7001-6.
[CrossRef]

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

Brast, R.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Britton, M. C.

V. Velur, R. C. Flicker, B. C. Platt, M. C. Britton, R. G. Dekany, M. Troy, J. E. Roberts, J. Shelton, and J. Hickey, “Multiple guide star tomography demonstration at Palomar observatory,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62725C (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Dekany, M. C. Britton, D. T. Gavel, B. L. Ellerbroek, G. Herriot, C. E. Max, and J. P. Veran, “Adaptive optics requirements definition for TMT,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 879–890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bryson, I.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Buat, V.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Burgarella, D.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Cayatte, V.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Chemla, F.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, M.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

Conan, J. M.

B. Neichel, T. Fusco, and J. M. Conan, “Tomographic reconstruction for wide-field adaptive optics systems: Fourier domain analysis and fundamental limitations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 219-235 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Costille, C. Petit, J. M. Conan, T. Fusco, C. Kulcsár, and H. F. Raynaud, “Optimization of MCAO performances: experimental results on ONERA laboratory MCAO bench,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701547-1–701547-10 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Petit, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, T. Fusco, J. Montri, and D. Rabaud, “First laboratory demonstration of closed-loop Kalman based optimal control for vibration filtering and simplified MCAO,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62721T (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Le Roux, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, L. Mugnier, and T. Fusco, “Optimal control law for classical and multiconjugate adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1261–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Content, R.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Costille, A.

A. Costille, C. Petit, J. M. Conan, T. Fusco, C. Kulcsár, and H. F. Raynaud, “Optimization of MCAO performances: experimental results on ONERA laboratory MCAO bench,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701547-1–701547-10 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Courbin, F.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Cuby, J. G.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cuby, J.-G.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

Dekany, R. G.

V. Velur, R. C. Flicker, B. C. Platt, M. C. Britton, R. G. Dekany, M. Troy, J. E. Roberts, J. Shelton, and J. Hickey, “Multiple guide star tomography demonstration at Palomar observatory,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62725C (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Dekany, M. C. Britton, D. T. Gavel, B. L. Ellerbroek, G. Herriot, C. E. Max, and J. P. Veran, “Adaptive optics requirements definition for TMT,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 879–890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Delabre, B.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dipper, N.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Donaldson, R.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ellerbroek, B. L.

R. G. Dekany, M. C. Britton, D. T. Gavel, B. L. Ellerbroek, G. Herriot, C. E. Max, and J. P. Veran, “Adaptive optics requirements definition for TMT,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 879–890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Evans, C.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fedrigo, E.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, M.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Flicker, R. C.

V. Velur, R. C. Flicker, B. C. Platt, M. C. Britton, R. G. Dekany, M. Troy, J. E. Roberts, J. Shelton, and J. Hickey, “Multiple guide star tomography demonstration at Palomar observatory,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62725C (2006).
[CrossRef]

Flores, H.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Frank, C.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fried, D. L.

Fusco, T.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

B. Neichel, T. Fusco, and J. M. Conan, “Tomographic reconstruction for wide-field adaptive optics systems: Fourier domain analysis and fundamental limitations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 219-235 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Costille, C. Petit, J. M. Conan, T. Fusco, C. Kulcsár, and H. F. Raynaud, “Optimization of MCAO performances: experimental results on ONERA laboratory MCAO bench,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701547-1–701547-10 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Petit, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, T. Fusco, J. Montri, and D. Rabaud, “First laboratory demonstration of closed-loop Kalman based optimal control for vibration filtering and simplified MCAO,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62721T (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Le Roux, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, L. Mugnier, and T. Fusco, “Optimal control law for classical and multiconjugate adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1261–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, A. Sevin, A. Kellerer, G. Rousset, Z. Hubert, T. Fusco, C. Petit, and R. M. Myers, “Tomographic tests for MOAO on the SESAME bench,” presented at SPIE Conference on Astronomical Instrumentation, Adaptive Optics Systems, 23–28 June 2008, Marseille, France, talk 7015–12.

Gavel, D.

D. Gavel, “Tomography for multiconjugate adaptive optics systems using laser guide stars,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1356–1373 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gavel, D. T.

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 22, 573–589 (2009).

R. G. Dekany, M. C. Britton, D. T. Gavel, B. L. Ellerbroek, G. Herriot, C. E. Max, and J. P. Veran, “Adaptive optics requirements definition for TMT,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 879–890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Poyneer, M. Troy, B. Macintosh, and D. T. Gavel, “Experimental validation of Fourier-transform wave-front reconstruction at the Palomar Observatory,” Opt. Lett. 28, 798–800 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gendron, E.

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, M. Brangier, A. Sevin, G. Rousset, and Z. Hubert, “Tomography reconstruction using the Learn and Apply algorithm,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference—Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 7001-1–7001-6.
[CrossRef]

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, A. Sevin, A. Kellerer, G. Rousset, Z. Hubert, T. Fusco, C. Petit, and R. M. Myers, “Tomographic tests for MOAO on the SESAME bench,” presented at SPIE Conference on Astronomical Instrumentation, Adaptive Optics Systems, 23–28 June 2008, Marseille, France, talk 7015–12.

Geng, D.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gilmozzi, R.

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromillio, “The 42 m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219-1–701219-10 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gimenez, J. L.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Goodsell, S. J.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gratadour, D.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

Greenaway, A. H.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guinouard, I.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Guzman, D.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hammer, F.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Harrison, M. A.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hastings, P.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Herriot, G.

R. G. Dekany, M. C. Britton, D. T. Gavel, B. L. Ellerbroek, G. Herriot, C. E. Max, and J. P. Veran, “Adaptive optics requirements definition for TMT,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 879–890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hickey, J.

V. Velur, R. C. Flicker, B. C. Platt, M. C. Britton, R. G. Dekany, M. Troy, J. E. Roberts, J. Shelton, and J. Hickey, “Multiple guide star tomography demonstration at Palomar observatory,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62725C (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hubert, Z.

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, M. Brangier, A. Sevin, G. Rousset, and Z. Hubert, “Tomography reconstruction using the Learn and Apply algorithm,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference—Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 7001-1–7001-6.
[CrossRef]

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, A. Sevin, A. Kellerer, G. Rousset, Z. Hubert, T. Fusco, C. Petit, and R. M. Myers, “Tomographic tests for MOAO on the SESAME bench,” presented at SPIE Conference on Astronomical Instrumentation, Adaptive Optics Systems, 23–28 June 2008, Marseille, France, talk 7015–12.

Hubin, N.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hugot, E.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jagourel, P.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jocou, L.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Johnson, L.

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 22, 573–589 (2009).

Kellerer, A.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, A. Sevin, A. Kellerer, G. Rousset, Z. Hubert, T. Fusco, C. Petit, and R. M. Myers, “Tomographic tests for MOAO on the SESAME bench,” presented at SPIE Conference on Astronomical Instrumentation, Adaptive Optics Systems, 23–28 June 2008, Marseille, France, talk 7015–12.

Kolb, J.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kulcsár, C.

A. Costille, C. Petit, J. M. Conan, T. Fusco, C. Kulcsár, and H. F. Raynaud, “Optimization of MCAO performances: experimental results on ONERA laboratory MCAO bench,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701547-1–701547-10 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Petit, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, T. Fusco, J. Montri, and D. Rabaud, “First laboratory demonstration of closed-loop Kalman based optimal control for vibration filtering and simplified MCAO,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62721T (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Le Roux, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, L. Mugnier, and T. Fusco, “Optimal control law for classical and multiconjugate adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1261–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kupke, R.

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 22, 573–589 (2009).

Laag, E. A.

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 22, 573–589 (2009).

Lancon, A.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Laporte, P.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Le Louarn, M.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Le Mignant, D.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

Le Roux, B.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Le Roux, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, L. Mugnier, and T. Fusco, “Optimal control law for classical and multiconjugate adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1261–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lehnert, M.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leroux, B.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lima, J.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lizon, J. L.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lloyd-Hart, M.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, N. M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder, and R. Angel, “Tomographic reconstruction of stellar wavefronts from multiple laser guide stars,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627203 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Longmore, A. J.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Macintosh, B.

Madec, F.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marchetti, E.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, E. Marchetti, and G. Valente, “Adaptive-optics corrections available for the whole sky,” Nature (London) 403, 54–56 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Marquardt, D.

D. Marquardt “An algorithm for least-squares estimation of nonlinear parameters,” J. Appl. Math. 11, 431–441 (1963).

Marteaud, M.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martin, F.

Max, C. E.

S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 22, 573–589 (2009).

R. G. Dekany, M. C. Britton, D. T. Gavel, B. L. Ellerbroek, G. Herriot, C. E. Max, and J. P. Veran, “Adaptive optics requirements definition for TMT,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 879–890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Michau, V.

C. Boyer, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Adaptive optics: interaction matrix measurements and real time control algorithms for the COME ON project,” Proc. SPIE 1237, 406–424 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Milton, N. M.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, N. M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder, and R. Angel, “Tomographic reconstruction of stellar wavefronts from multiple laser guide stars,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627203 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Monnet, G.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Montri, J.

C. Petit, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, T. Fusco, J. Montri, and D. Rabaud, “First laboratory demonstration of closed-loop Kalman based optimal control for vibration filtering and simplified MCAO,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62721T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Morris, S.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Morris, T.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Morris, T. J.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mouhcine, M.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Mugnier, L.

Myers, R.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Myers, R. M.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, A. Sevin, A. Kellerer, G. Rousset, Z. Hubert, T. Fusco, C. Petit, and R. M. Myers, “Tomographic tests for MOAO on the SESAME bench,” presented at SPIE Conference on Astronomical Instrumentation, Adaptive Optics Systems, 23–28 June 2008, Marseille, France, talk 7015–12.

Neichel, B.

B. Neichel, T. Fusco, and J. M. Conan, “Tomographic reconstruction for wide-field adaptive optics systems: Fourier domain analysis and fundamental limitations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 219-235 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oberti, S.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Parr-Burmann, P.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

Petit, C.

A. Costille, C. Petit, J. M. Conan, T. Fusco, C. Kulcsár, and H. F. Raynaud, “Optimization of MCAO performances: experimental results on ONERA laboratory MCAO bench,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701547-1–701547-10 (2008).
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C. Petit, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, T. Fusco, J. Montri, and D. Rabaud, “First laboratory demonstration of closed-loop Kalman based optimal control for vibration filtering and simplified MCAO,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62721T (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, A. Sevin, A. Kellerer, G. Rousset, Z. Hubert, T. Fusco, C. Petit, and R. M. Myers, “Tomographic tests for MOAO on the SESAME bench,” presented at SPIE Conference on Astronomical Instrumentation, Adaptive Optics Systems, 23–28 June 2008, Marseille, France, talk 7015–12.

Platt, B. C.

V. Velur, R. C. Flicker, B. C. Platt, M. C. Britton, R. G. Dekany, M. Troy, J. E. Roberts, J. Shelton, and J. Hickey, “Multiple guide star tomography demonstration at Palomar observatory,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62725C (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poyneer, L. A.

Prieto, E.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Puech, M.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

Quiros-Pacheco, F.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rabaud, D.

C. Petit, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, T. Fusco, J. Montri, and D. Rabaud, “First laboratory demonstration of closed-loop Kalman based optimal control for vibration filtering and simplified MCAO,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62721T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ragazzoni, R.

R. Ragazzoni, E. Marchetti, and G. Valente, “Adaptive-optics corrections available for the whole sky,” Nature (London) 403, 54–56 (2000).
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Raynaud, H. F.

A. Costille, C. Petit, J. M. Conan, T. Fusco, C. Kulcsár, and H. F. Raynaud, “Optimization of MCAO performances: experimental results on ONERA laboratory MCAO bench,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701547-1–701547-10 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Petit, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, T. Fusco, J. Montri, and D. Rabaud, “First laboratory demonstration of closed-loop Kalman based optimal control for vibration filtering and simplified MCAO,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62721T (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Le Roux, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, L. Mugnier, and T. Fusco, “Optimal control law for classical and multiconjugate adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1261–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reiss, R.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rigaud, F.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Robert, C.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

Roberts, J. E.

V. Velur, R. C. Flicker, B. C. Platt, M. C. Britton, R. G. Dekany, M. Troy, J. E. Roberts, J. Shelton, and J. Hickey, “Multiple guide star tomography demonstration at Palomar observatory,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62725C (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roddier, F.

F. Roddier, “The effects of atmospheric turbulence in optical astronomy,” Prog. Opt. 19, 281–376 (1981).
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Rouan, D.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Rousset, G.

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, M. Brangier, A. Sevin, G. Rousset, and Z. Hubert, “Tomography reconstruction using the Learn and Apply algorithm,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference—Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 7001-1–7001-6.
[CrossRef]

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

C. Boyer, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Adaptive optics: interaction matrix measurements and real time control algorithms for the COME ON project,” Proc. SPIE 1237, 406–424 (1990).
[CrossRef]

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, A. Sevin, A. Kellerer, G. Rousset, Z. Hubert, T. Fusco, C. Petit, and R. M. Myers, “Tomographic tests for MOAO on the SESAME bench,” presented at SPIE Conference on Astronomical Instrumentation, Adaptive Optics Systems, 23–28 June 2008, Marseille, France, talk 7015–12.

Santos, J.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sayede, F.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Schnetler, H.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sevin, A.

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, M. Brangier, A. Sevin, G. Rousset, and Z. Hubert, “Tomography reconstruction using the Learn and Apply algorithm,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference—Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 7001-1–7001-6.
[CrossRef]

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, A. Sevin, A. Kellerer, G. Rousset, Z. Hubert, T. Fusco, C. Petit, and R. M. Myers, “Tomographic tests for MOAO on the SESAME bench,” presented at SPIE Conference on Astronomical Instrumentation, Adaptive Optics Systems, 23–28 June 2008, Marseille, France, talk 7015–12.

Shelton, J.

V. Velur, R. C. Flicker, B. C. Platt, M. C. Britton, R. G. Dekany, M. Troy, J. E. Roberts, J. Shelton, and J. Hickey, “Multiple guide star tomography demonstration at Palomar observatory,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62725C (2006).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, M.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, N. M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder, and R. Angel, “Tomographic reconstruction of stellar wavefronts from multiple laser guide stars,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627203 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spyromillio, J.

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromillio, “The 42 m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219-1–701219-10 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stalcup, T.

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, N. M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder, and R. Angel, “Tomographic reconstruction of stellar wavefronts from multiple laser guide stars,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627203 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Swinbank, M.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Talbot, G.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, W.

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tokovinin, A.

Tordo, S.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Troy, M.

V. Velur, R. C. Flicker, B. C. Platt, M. C. Britton, R. G. Dekany, M. Troy, J. E. Roberts, J. Shelton, and J. Hickey, “Multiple guide star tomography demonstration at Palomar observatory,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62725C (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Poyneer, M. Troy, B. Macintosh, and D. T. Gavel, “Experimental validation of Fourier-transform wave-front reconstruction at the Palomar Observatory,” Opt. Lett. 28, 798–800 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valente, G.

R. Ragazzoni, E. Marchetti, and G. Valente, “Adaptive-optics corrections available for the whole sky,” Nature (London) 403, 54–56 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Velur, V.

V. Velur, R. C. Flicker, B. C. Platt, M. C. Britton, R. G. Dekany, M. Troy, J. E. Roberts, J. Shelton, and J. Hickey, “Multiple guide star tomography demonstration at Palomar observatory,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62725C (2006).
[CrossRef]

Veran, J. P.

R. G. Dekany, M. C. Britton, D. T. Gavel, B. L. Ellerbroek, G. Herriot, C. E. Max, and J. P. Veran, “Adaptive optics requirements definition for TMT,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 879–890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vidal, F.

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, M. Brangier, A. Sevin, G. Rousset, and Z. Hubert, “Tomography reconstruction using the Learn and Apply algorithm,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference—Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 7001-1–7001-6.
[CrossRef]

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, A. Sevin, A. Kellerer, G. Rousset, Z. Hubert, T. Fusco, C. Petit, and R. M. Myers, “Tomographic tests for MOAO on the SESAME bench,” presented at SPIE Conference on Astronomical Instrumentation, Adaptive Optics Systems, 23–28 June 2008, Marseille, France, talk 7015–12.

Vivs, S.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vola, P.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wallner, E. P.

E. P. Wallner, “Comparison of wave-front sensor configurations using optimal reconstruction and correction,” Proc. SPIE 351, 42–53 (1982).

Wells, M.

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, R. W.

R. W. Wilson, “SLODAR: measuring optical turbulence altitude with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 337, 103–108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Young, L.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Younger, E.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zamkotsian, F.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

Ziad, A.

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D. Marquardt “An algorithm for least-squares estimation of nonlinear parameters,” J. Appl. Math. 11, 431–441 (1963).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (3)

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

R. W. Wilson, “SLODAR: measuring optical turbulence altitude with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 337, 103–108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

R. Ragazzoni, E. Marchetti, and G. Valente, “Adaptive-optics corrections available for the whole sky,” Nature (London) 403, 54–56 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (12)

V. Velur, R. C. Flicker, B. C. Platt, M. C. Britton, R. G. Dekany, M. Troy, J. E. Roberts, J. Shelton, and J. Hickey, “Multiple guide star tomography demonstration at Palomar observatory,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62725C (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. L. Lizon, S. Oberti, F. Quiros-Pacheco, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, A. Baruffolo, P. Bagnara, A. Amorim, and J. Lima, “MAD star oriented laboratory results for ground layer and multi-conjugate adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720O (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Wallner, “Comparison of wave-front sensor configurations using optimal reconstruction and correction,” Proc. SPIE 351, 42–53 (1982).

C. Boyer, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Adaptive optics: interaction matrix measurements and real time control algorithms for the COME ON project,” Proc. SPIE 1237, 406–424 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. Gavel, “Tomography for multiconjugate adaptive optics systems using laser guide stars,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1356–1373 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Petit, J. M. Conan, C. Kulcsár, H. F. Raynaud, T. Fusco, J. Montri, and D. Rabaud, “First laboratory demonstration of closed-loop Kalman based optimal control for vibration filtering and simplified MCAO,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62721T (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Baranec, M. Lloyd-Hart, N. M. Milton, T. Stalcup, M. Snyder, and R. Angel, “Tomographic reconstruction of stellar wavefronts from multiple laser guide stars,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627203 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Dekany, M. C. Britton, D. T. Gavel, B. L. Ellerbroek, G. Herriot, C. E. Max, and J. P. Veran, “Adaptive optics requirements definition for TMT,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 879–890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Cuby, S. Morris, I. Bryson, M. Lehnert, C. Evans, T. Fusco, P. Jagourel, R. Myers, G. Rousset, H. Schnetler, J. P. Amans, J. Allington-Smith, F. Assemat, S. Beard, F. Chemla, R. Content, N. Dipper, M. Ferrari, E. Gendron, J. L. Gimenez, P. Hastings, Z. Hubert, E. Hugot, P. Laporte, B. Leroux, F. Madec, B. Neichel, T. Morris, E. Prieto, M. Swinbank, G. Talbot, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, S. Vivs, P. Vola, and M. Wells, “EAGLE: an MOAO fed multi-IFU in the NIR on the E-ELT,” Proc. SPIE 7014, 70141K-1–70141K-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromillio, “The 42 m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219-1–701219-10 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. Basden, F. Chemla, D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E-1–70150-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Costille, C. Petit, J. M. Conan, T. Fusco, C. Kulcsár, and H. F. Raynaud, “Optimization of MCAO performances: experimental results on ONERA laboratory MCAO bench,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701547-1–701547-10 (2008).
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S. M. Ammons, L. Johnson, E. A. Laag, R. Kupke, D. T. Gavel, B. J. Bauman, and C. E. Max, “Integrated laboratory demonstrations of multi-object adaptive optics on a simulated 10-meter telescope at visible wavelengths,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 22, 573–589 (2009).

Other (6)

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, A. Sevin, A. Kellerer, G. Rousset, Z. Hubert, T. Fusco, C. Petit, and R. M. Myers, “Tomographic tests for MOAO on the SESAME bench,” presented at SPIE Conference on Astronomical Instrumentation, Adaptive Optics Systems, 23–28 June 2008, Marseille, France, talk 7015–12.

F. Vidal, E. Gendron, M. Brangier, A. Sevin, G. Rousset, and Z. Hubert, “Tomography reconstruction using the Learn and Apply algorithm,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference—Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 7001-1–7001-6.
[CrossRef]

G. Rousset, T. Fusco, F. Assemat, T. Morris, E. Gendron, R. Myers, M. Brangier, M. Cohen, N. Dipper, C. Evans, D. Gratadour, P. Jagourel, P. Laporte, D. Le Mignant, M. Puech, C. Robert, H. Schnetler, W. Taylor, F. Vidal, J.-G. Cuby, M. Lehnert, S. Morris, and P. Parr-Burmann, “EAGLE multi-object AO concept study for the E-ELT,” in 1st AO4ELT Conference: Adaptative Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes, Y.Clénet, J.-M.Conan, T.Fusco, and G.Rousset, eds. (2010), pp. 2008-1–2008-6.

F. Hammer, F. Sayede, E. Gendron, T. Fusco, D. Burgarella, V. Cayatte, J. M. Conan, F. Courbin, H. Flores, I. Guinouard, L. Jocou, A. Lancon, G. Monnet, M. Mouhcine, F. Rigaud, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, V. Buat, and F. Zamkotsian, “The FALCON concept: multi-object spectroscopy combined with MCAO in near-IR,” in Proceedings of the ESO Workshop, 11–15 June 2001, J.Bergeron and G.Monnet, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 139–149.

http://yorick.sourceforge.net.

http://maumae.net/yao/.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

In steps 1 and 3 we show the same wavefront (in the pupil) to each sensor as well as an on-axis one. The on-axis measurements are the common basis removed from instrumental deviations. The interaction matrix also gives the voltage to apply to the mirror. Step 2 may be any tomographic algorithm that gives the on-axis slopes (not phase).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Left: Fourier domain covariance map between the x slopes of a Shack–Hartmann computed from Eq. (23). Right: covariance map of x slopes in the real domain sampled for a 14 × 14 subaperture ( r = [ 14 d ssp , + 14 d ssp , ] ) , where d ssp is the pitch of the subapertures (size r 0 = 50 cm ).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Left: Fourier domain covariance map between the y slopes of a Shack–Hartmann. Right: covariance map of y slopes in the real domain sampled for a 14 × 14 subaperture ( r = [ 14 d ssp , + 14 d ssp ] ) , where d ssp is the pitch of the subapertures (size r 0 = 50 cm ).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Left: Fourier domain covariance map between the x and y slopes of a Shack–Hartmann. Right: Covariance map of x slopes in the real domain sampled for a 14 × 14 subaperture ( r = [ 14 d ssp , + 14 d ssp ] ) where d ssp is the pitch of the subapertures (size r 0 = 50 cm ).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Example of covariance map of y slopes between two Shack–Hartmanns with an atmospheric layer at twodifferent altitudes ( 0 m and 5000 m ) for an angle α = 2 ’ between two guide stars.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Top left: Arrows represent all the subapertures pairs with the same shift in the pupil of + 10 in the x direction and + 2 in the y direction with a 14 × 14 Shack–Hartmann. Top right: covariance map for the y slopes. Bottom right: associated covariance matrix of y slopes (148 subapertures).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Left: Covariance matrix C offOff between three 14 × 14 Shack–Hartmann subapertures. Conditions: three layers placed at 0, 3000, and 10 , 000 m of relative strength 0.5,0.35, and 0.15. An 8 m telescope is simulated. Right: equivalent covariance map with a close-up of the WFS 2 versus WFS 1 covariance map.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Left: Raw C offOff covariance matrix between the three off-axis Shack–Hartmanns computed with 10,000 open-loop slopes. Right: fitted covariance matrix with retrieved parameters (see Table 1).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters Retrieved with 10,000 Slopes a

Equations (26)

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( ϕ R m ) m t = 0 ,
R = ϕ m t m m t 1 .
m 2 ( t ) = C . m 1 ( t ) ,
M 2 = C . M 1 .
ϵ 2 = C M 1 M 2 2 .
ϵ 2 = i j ( k c i k m 1 k j m 2 i j ) 2
C ( M 1 M 1 t ) = M 2 M 1 t .
C = ( M 2 M 1 t ) ( M 1 M 1 t ) 1 .
M central = C i . M i ,
C i = ( M central M i t ) ( M i M i t ) 1 .
M central = W . M offaxis .
W = ( M central M offaxis t ) ( M offaxis M offaxis t ) 1 .
W = C Onoff × C OffOff 1 .
s x ( r ) = 1 S ϕ x ( u ) Π ( u r ) d u 2 ,
s x ( 0 ) s x ( r ) = 1 S 2 ϕ x ( u ) Π ( u ) d u × ϕ x ( v ) Π ( v r ) d v ,
s x ( 0 ) s x ( r ) = 1 S 2 ϕ x ( u ) ϕ x ( v ) × Π ( u ) Π ( v r ) d u d v .
ϕ x ( u ) ϕ x ( v ) = 1 2 2 D ϕ x 2 ( v u ) .
s x ( 0 ) s x ( r ) = 1 2 1 S 2 2 D ϕ x 2 ( v u ) × Π ( u ) Π ( v r ) d u d v ,
s x ( 0 ) s x ( r ) = 1 2 1 S 2 2 D ϕ x 2 ( r ) Π ( r ) Π ( r ) ,
F ( s x s x ) F ( 2 D ϕ x 2 ) × F ( Π ) × F ( Π * ) .
Φ ϕ ( k ) = ( 0.023 r 0 5 3 ) k 11 3 .
F ( s x s x ) Φ ϕ ( k ) × ( 2 i π k x ) 2 × Π ̃ ( k ) × Π ̃ * ( k ) ,
F ( s x s x ) k x 2 × r 0 5 3 k 11 3 × Π ̃ ( k ) × Π ̃ * ( k ) .
( x i n x j m y i n y j m ) + h l ( α n α m β n β m ) .
F ( s x n s x m ) k x 2 Π ̃ n ( k ) Π ̃ m * ( k ) r 0 5 3 k 11 3 e 2 i π h l ( k x ( α n α m ) + k y ( β n β m ) ) .
ϵ = C OffOff raw C OffOff ( h , r 0 ( h ) , L 0 ( h ) , ( α i , β i ) ) 2 + C Onoff raw C Onoff ( h , r 0 ( h ) , L 0 ( h ) , ( α i , β i ) ) 2 .

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