A novel closed-loop control technique for adaptive optics (AO) systems based on a wavelet-based phase reconstruction technique and a woofer–tweeter controller is presented. The wavelet-based reconstruction technique is based on obtaining a Haar decomposition of the phase screen directly from gradient measurements and has been extended here with the use of a Poisson solver to improve performance. This method is (i.e., a linear computation cost as number of actuators increases) and is the fastest of the known reconstruction techniques. The controller configuration is based on the woofer–tweeter controller to control low- and high-spatial-frequency aberrations, respectively. The separation of the woofer and tweeter signals is done using a computationally efficient method that is based on the availability of a low-spatial-resolution reconstruction during the wavelet synthesis process. The performance of the proposed technique is evaluated using a simulated AO system and phase screens generated to reflect atmospheric turbulence with various dynamic characteristics. Results indicate that the combination of the wavelet-based phase reconstruction and woofer–tweeter controller leads to very good results with respect to speed and accuracy.
© 2010 Optical Society of America
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