R. B. Schulz, A. Ale, A. Sarantopoulos, M. Freyer, E. Soehngen, M. Zientkowska, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid system for simultaneous fluorescence and x-ray computed tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 465–473 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y. Zhai and S. A. Cummer, “Fast tomographic reconstruction strategy for diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 17, 5285–5297 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Panagiotou, S. Somayajula, A. P. Gibson, M. Schweiger, R. M. Leahy, and S. R. Arridge, “Information theoretic regularization in diffuse optical tomography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 1277–1290 (2009).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge and J. C. Schotland, “Optical tomography: forward and inverse problems,” Inverse Probl. 25, 1–59 (2009).

[CrossRef]

S. Walrand, F. Jamar, and S. Pauwels, “Improved solution for ill-posed linear systems using a constrained optimization ruled by a penalty: evaluation in nuclear medicine tomography,” Inverse Probl. 25, 1–17 (2009).

[CrossRef]

C. Balas, “Review of biomedical optical imaging—a powerful, non-invasive, non-ionizing technology for improving in vivo diagnosis,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 1–12 (2009).

[CrossRef]

C. T. Xu, J. Axelsson, and S. Andersson-Engels, “Fluorescence diffuse optical tomography using upconverting nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 251107–251107-3 (2009).

[CrossRef]

T. Tarvainen, M. Vauhkonen, and S. R. Arridge, “Gauss-Newton reconstruction method for optical tomography using the finite element solution of the radiative transfer equation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 109, 2767–2778 (2008).

[CrossRef]

H. K. Kim and A. Charette, “A sensitivity function-based conjugate gradient method for optical tomography with the frequency-domain equation of radiative transfer,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 104, 24–39 (2007).

[CrossRef]

A. Adler, T. Dai, and W. R. B. Lionheart, “Temporal image reconstruction in electrical impedance tomography,” Physiol. Meas 28, S1–S11 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, “Fluorescence molecular imaging,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 8, 1–33 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Tanikawa, and Y. Yamada, “A linear, featured-data scheme for image reconstruction in time-domain fluorescence molecular tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 7109–9124 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Roy, A. B. Thompson, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Tomographic fluorescence imaging in tissue phantoms: a novel reconstruction algorithm and imaging geometry,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 24, 137–154 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Soubret, J. Ripoll, and V. Ntziachristos, “Accuracy of fluorescent tomography in the presence of heterogeneities: study of the normalized Born ratio,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 24, 1377–1386 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. B. Milstein, K. J. Webb, and C. A. Bouman, “Estimation of kinetic model parameters in fluorescence optical diffusion tomography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 1357–1368 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. D. Klose, V. Ntziachristos, and A. H. Hielscher, “The inverse source problem based on the radiative transfer equation in optical molecular imaging,” J. Comput. Phys. 202, 323–345 (2005).

[CrossRef]

F. Fedele, M. J. Eppstein, J. P. Laible, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Fluorescence photon migration by the boundary element method,” J. Comput. Phys. 210, 1–24 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. P. Gibson, J. C. Hebden, and S. R. Arridge, “Recent advances in diffuse optical imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, R1–R43 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Y. Bluestone, M. Stewart, J. Lasker, G. S. Abdoulaev, A. H. Hielscher, “Three-dimensional optical tomographic brain imaging in small animals, part 1: hypercapnia,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 1046–1062 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Joshi, W. Bangerth, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Adaptive finite element based tomography for fluorescence optical imaging in tissue,” Opt. Express 12, 5402–5417 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Roy, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Fluorescence-enhanced optical tomography using referenced measurements of heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 22, 824–836 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. D. Klose and A. H. Hielscher, “Quasi-Newton methods in optical tomographic image reconstruction,” Inverse Probl. 19, 387–409 (2003).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, H. Dehghani, M. Schweiger, and E. Okada, “The finite element model of the propagation of light in scattering media: A direct method for domains with nonscattering regions,” Med. Phys. 27, 252–264 (2000).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. E. Kilmer, E. L. Miller, D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, C. A. DiMarzio, and R. J. Gaudette, “Direct object localization and characterization from diffuse photon density wave data,”Proc SPIE 3597, 45–54 (1999).

[CrossRef]

V. Kolehmainen, S. R. Arridge, W. R. B. Lionheart, M. Vauhkonen, and J. P. Kaipio, “Recovery of region boundaries of piecewise constant coefficients of an elliptic PDE from boundary data,” Inverse Probl. 15, 1375–1391 (1999).

[CrossRef]

J. R. Magnus and H. Neudecker, Matrix Differential Calculus with Applications in Statistics and Econometrics, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics (Wiley, 1988).

A. Y. Bluestone, M. Stewart, J. Lasker, G. S. Abdoulaev, A. H. Hielscher, “Three-dimensional optical tomographic brain imaging in small animals, part 1: hypercapnia,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 1046–1062 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Adler, T. Dai, and W. R. B. Lionheart, “Temporal image reconstruction in electrical impedance tomography,” Physiol. Meas 28, S1–S11 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. B. Schulz, A. Ale, A. Sarantopoulos, M. Freyer, E. Soehngen, M. Zientkowska, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid system for simultaneous fluorescence and x-ray computed tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 465–473 (2010).

[CrossRef]

C. T. Xu, J. Axelsson, and S. Andersson-Engels, “Fluorescence diffuse optical tomography using upconverting nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 251107–251107-3 (2009).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge and J. C. Schotland, “Optical tomography: forward and inverse problems,” Inverse Probl. 25, 1–59 (2009).

[CrossRef]

C. Panagiotou, S. Somayajula, A. P. Gibson, M. Schweiger, R. M. Leahy, and S. R. Arridge, “Information theoretic regularization in diffuse optical tomography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 1277–1290 (2009).

[CrossRef]

T. Tarvainen, M. Vauhkonen, and S. R. Arridge, “Gauss-Newton reconstruction method for optical tomography using the finite element solution of the radiative transfer equation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 109, 2767–2778 (2008).

[CrossRef]

A. P. Gibson, J. C. Hebden, and S. R. Arridge, “Recent advances in diffuse optical imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, R1–R43 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, H. Dehghani, M. Schweiger, and E. Okada, “The finite element model of the propagation of light in scattering media: A direct method for domains with nonscattering regions,” Med. Phys. 27, 252–264 (2000).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Kolehmainen, S. R. Arridge, W. R. B. Lionheart, M. Vauhkonen, and J. P. Kaipio, “Recovery of region boundaries of piecewise constant coefficients of an elliptic PDE from boundary data,” Inverse Probl. 15, 1375–1391 (1999).

[CrossRef]

C. T. Xu, J. Axelsson, and S. Andersson-Engels, “Fluorescence diffuse optical tomography using upconverting nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 251107–251107-3 (2009).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Balas, “Review of biomedical optical imaging—a powerful, non-invasive, non-ionizing technology for improving in vivo diagnosis,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 1–12 (2009).

[CrossRef]

A. Y. Bluestone, M. Stewart, J. Lasker, G. S. Abdoulaev, A. H. Hielscher, “Three-dimensional optical tomographic brain imaging in small animals, part 1: hypercapnia,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 1046–1062 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. E. Kilmer, E. L. Miller, D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, C. A. DiMarzio, and R. J. Gaudette, “Direct object localization and characterization from diffuse photon density wave data,”Proc SPIE 3597, 45–54 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. E. Kilmer, E. L. Miller, D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, C. A. DiMarzio, and R. J. Gaudette, “Direct object localization and characterization from diffuse photon density wave data,”Proc SPIE 3597, 45–54 (1999).

[CrossRef]

H. K. Kim and A. Charette, “A sensitivity function-based conjugate gradient method for optical tomography with the frequency-domain equation of radiative transfer,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 104, 24–39 (2007).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Adler, T. Dai, and W. R. B. Lionheart, “Temporal image reconstruction in electrical impedance tomography,” Physiol. Meas 28, S1–S11 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, H. Dehghani, M. Schweiger, and E. Okada, “The finite element model of the propagation of light in scattering media: A direct method for domains with nonscattering regions,” Med. Phys. 27, 252–264 (2000).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. E. Kilmer, E. L. Miller, D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, C. A. DiMarzio, and R. J. Gaudette, “Direct object localization and characterization from diffuse photon density wave data,”Proc SPIE 3597, 45–54 (1999).

[CrossRef]

F. Fedele, M. J. Eppstein, J. P. Laible, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Fluorescence photon migration by the boundary element method,” J. Comput. Phys. 210, 1–24 (2005).

[CrossRef]

F. Fedele, M. J. Eppstein, J. P. Laible, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Fluorescence photon migration by the boundary element method,” J. Comput. Phys. 210, 1–24 (2005).

[CrossRef]

R. B. Schulz, A. Ale, A. Sarantopoulos, M. Freyer, E. Soehngen, M. Zientkowska, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid system for simultaneous fluorescence and x-ray computed tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 465–473 (2010).

[CrossRef]

M. E. Kilmer, E. L. Miller, D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, C. A. DiMarzio, and R. J. Gaudette, “Direct object localization and characterization from diffuse photon density wave data,”Proc SPIE 3597, 45–54 (1999).

[CrossRef]

C. Panagiotou, S. Somayajula, A. P. Gibson, M. Schweiger, R. M. Leahy, and S. R. Arridge, “Information theoretic regularization in diffuse optical tomography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 1277–1290 (2009).

[CrossRef]

A. P. Gibson, J. C. Hebden, and S. R. Arridge, “Recent advances in diffuse optical imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, R1–R43 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Roy, A. B. Thompson, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Tomographic fluorescence imaging in tissue phantoms: a novel reconstruction algorithm and imaging geometry,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 24, 137–154 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Fedele, M. J. Eppstein, J. P. Laible, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Fluorescence photon migration by the boundary element method,” J. Comput. Phys. 210, 1–24 (2005).

[CrossRef]

R. Roy, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Fluorescence-enhanced optical tomography using referenced measurements of heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 22, 824–836 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. P. Gibson, J. C. Hebden, and S. R. Arridge, “Recent advances in diffuse optical imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, R1–R43 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. D. Klose, V. Ntziachristos, and A. H. Hielscher, “The inverse source problem based on the radiative transfer equation in optical molecular imaging,” J. Comput. Phys. 202, 323–345 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. Y. Bluestone, M. Stewart, J. Lasker, G. S. Abdoulaev, A. H. Hielscher, “Three-dimensional optical tomographic brain imaging in small animals, part 1: hypercapnia,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 1046–1062 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. D. Klose and A. H. Hielscher, “Quasi-Newton methods in optical tomographic image reconstruction,” Inverse Probl. 19, 387–409 (2003).

[CrossRef]

S. Walrand, F. Jamar, and S. Pauwels, “Improved solution for ill-posed linear systems using a constrained optimization ruled by a penalty: evaluation in nuclear medicine tomography,” Inverse Probl. 25, 1–17 (2009).

[CrossRef]

V. Kolehmainen, S. R. Arridge, W. R. B. Lionheart, M. Vauhkonen, and J. P. Kaipio, “Recovery of region boundaries of piecewise constant coefficients of an elliptic PDE from boundary data,” Inverse Probl. 15, 1375–1391 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. E. Kilmer, E. L. Miller, D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, C. A. DiMarzio, and R. J. Gaudette, “Direct object localization and characterization from diffuse photon density wave data,”Proc SPIE 3597, 45–54 (1999).

[CrossRef]

H. K. Kim and A. Charette, “A sensitivity function-based conjugate gradient method for optical tomography with the frequency-domain equation of radiative transfer,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 104, 24–39 (2007).

[CrossRef]

A. D. Klose, V. Ntziachristos, and A. H. Hielscher, “The inverse source problem based on the radiative transfer equation in optical molecular imaging,” J. Comput. Phys. 202, 323–345 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. D. Klose and A. H. Hielscher, “Quasi-Newton methods in optical tomographic image reconstruction,” Inverse Probl. 19, 387–409 (2003).

[CrossRef]

V. Kolehmainen, S. R. Arridge, W. R. B. Lionheart, M. Vauhkonen, and J. P. Kaipio, “Recovery of region boundaries of piecewise constant coefficients of an elliptic PDE from boundary data,” Inverse Probl. 15, 1375–1391 (1999).

[CrossRef]

F. Fedele, M. J. Eppstein, J. P. Laible, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Fluorescence photon migration by the boundary element method,” J. Comput. Phys. 210, 1–24 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. Y. Bluestone, M. Stewart, J. Lasker, G. S. Abdoulaev, A. H. Hielscher, “Three-dimensional optical tomographic brain imaging in small animals, part 1: hypercapnia,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 1046–1062 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Panagiotou, S. Somayajula, A. P. Gibson, M. Schweiger, R. M. Leahy, and S. R. Arridge, “Information theoretic regularization in diffuse optical tomography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 1277–1290 (2009).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Adler, T. Dai, and W. R. B. Lionheart, “Temporal image reconstruction in electrical impedance tomography,” Physiol. Meas 28, S1–S11 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Kolehmainen, S. R. Arridge, W. R. B. Lionheart, M. Vauhkonen, and J. P. Kaipio, “Recovery of region boundaries of piecewise constant coefficients of an elliptic PDE from boundary data,” Inverse Probl. 15, 1375–1391 (1999).

[CrossRef]

J. R. Magnus and H. Neudecker, Matrix Differential Calculus with Applications in Statistics and Econometrics, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics (Wiley, 1988).

M. E. Kilmer, E. L. Miller, D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, C. A. DiMarzio, and R. J. Gaudette, “Direct object localization and characterization from diffuse photon density wave data,”Proc SPIE 3597, 45–54 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. R. Magnus and H. Neudecker, Matrix Differential Calculus with Applications in Statistics and Econometrics, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics (Wiley, 1988).

R. B. Schulz, A. Ale, A. Sarantopoulos, M. Freyer, E. Soehngen, M. Zientkowska, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid system for simultaneous fluorescence and x-ray computed tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 465–473 (2010).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, “Fluorescence molecular imaging,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 8, 1–33 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Soubret, J. Ripoll, and V. Ntziachristos, “Accuracy of fluorescent tomography in the presence of heterogeneities: study of the normalized Born ratio,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 24, 1377–1386 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. D. Klose, V. Ntziachristos, and A. H. Hielscher, “The inverse source problem based on the radiative transfer equation in optical molecular imaging,” J. Comput. Phys. 202, 323–345 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, H. Dehghani, M. Schweiger, and E. Okada, “The finite element model of the propagation of light in scattering media: A direct method for domains with nonscattering regions,” Med. Phys. 27, 252–264 (2000).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Walrand, F. Jamar, and S. Pauwels, “Improved solution for ill-posed linear systems using a constrained optimization ruled by a penalty: evaluation in nuclear medicine tomography,” Inverse Probl. 25, 1–17 (2009).

[CrossRef]

A. Soubret, J. Ripoll, and V. Ntziachristos, “Accuracy of fluorescent tomography in the presence of heterogeneities: study of the normalized Born ratio,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 24, 1377–1386 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Roy, A. B. Thompson, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Tomographic fluorescence imaging in tissue phantoms: a novel reconstruction algorithm and imaging geometry,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 24, 137–154 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Roy, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Fluorescence-enhanced optical tomography using referenced measurements of heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 22, 824–836 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. B. Schulz, A. Ale, A. Sarantopoulos, M. Freyer, E. Soehngen, M. Zientkowska, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid system for simultaneous fluorescence and x-ray computed tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 465–473 (2010).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge and J. C. Schotland, “Optical tomography: forward and inverse problems,” Inverse Probl. 25, 1–59 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. B. Schulz, A. Ale, A. Sarantopoulos, M. Freyer, E. Soehngen, M. Zientkowska, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid system for simultaneous fluorescence and x-ray computed tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 465–473 (2010).

[CrossRef]

C. Panagiotou, S. Somayajula, A. P. Gibson, M. Schweiger, R. M. Leahy, and S. R. Arridge, “Information theoretic regularization in diffuse optical tomography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 1277–1290 (2009).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, H. Dehghani, M. Schweiger, and E. Okada, “The finite element model of the propagation of light in scattering media: A direct method for domains with nonscattering regions,” Med. Phys. 27, 252–264 (2000).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Fedele, M. J. Eppstein, J. P. Laible, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Fluorescence photon migration by the boundary element method,” J. Comput. Phys. 210, 1–24 (2005).

[CrossRef]

R. Roy, A. B. Thompson, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Tomographic fluorescence imaging in tissue phantoms: a novel reconstruction algorithm and imaging geometry,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 24, 137–154 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Joshi, W. Bangerth, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Adaptive finite element based tomography for fluorescence optical imaging in tissue,” Opt. Express 12, 5402–5417 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Roy, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Fluorescence-enhanced optical tomography using referenced measurements of heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 22, 824–836 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. B. Schulz, A. Ale, A. Sarantopoulos, M. Freyer, E. Soehngen, M. Zientkowska, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid system for simultaneous fluorescence and x-ray computed tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 465–473 (2010).

[CrossRef]

A. Soubret, J. Ripoll, and V. Ntziachristos, “Accuracy of fluorescent tomography in the presence of heterogeneities: study of the normalized Born ratio,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 24, 1377–1386 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Y. Bluestone, M. Stewart, J. Lasker, G. S. Abdoulaev, A. H. Hielscher, “Three-dimensional optical tomographic brain imaging in small animals, part 1: hypercapnia,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 1046–1062 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Tarvainen, M. Vauhkonen, and S. R. Arridge, “Gauss-Newton reconstruction method for optical tomography using the finite element solution of the radiative transfer equation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 109, 2767–2778 (2008).

[CrossRef]

R. Roy, A. B. Thompson, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Tomographic fluorescence imaging in tissue phantoms: a novel reconstruction algorithm and imaging geometry,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 24, 137–154 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Tarvainen, M. Vauhkonen, and S. R. Arridge, “Gauss-Newton reconstruction method for optical tomography using the finite element solution of the radiative transfer equation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 109, 2767–2778 (2008).

[CrossRef]

V. Kolehmainen, S. R. Arridge, W. R. B. Lionheart, M. Vauhkonen, and J. P. Kaipio, “Recovery of region boundaries of piecewise constant coefficients of an elliptic PDE from boundary data,” Inverse Probl. 15, 1375–1391 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. Walrand, F. Jamar, and S. Pauwels, “Improved solution for ill-posed linear systems using a constrained optimization ruled by a penalty: evaluation in nuclear medicine tomography,” Inverse Probl. 25, 1–17 (2009).

[CrossRef]

C. T. Xu, J. Axelsson, and S. Andersson-Engels, “Fluorescence diffuse optical tomography using upconverting nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 251107–251107-3 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. B. Schulz, A. Ale, A. Sarantopoulos, M. Freyer, E. Soehngen, M. Zientkowska, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid system for simultaneous fluorescence and x-ray computed tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 465–473 (2010).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, “Fluorescence molecular imaging,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 8, 1–33 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. T. Xu, J. Axelsson, and S. Andersson-Engels, “Fluorescence diffuse optical tomography using upconverting nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 251107–251107-3 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. B. Schulz, A. Ale, A. Sarantopoulos, M. Freyer, E. Soehngen, M. Zientkowska, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid system for simultaneous fluorescence and x-ray computed tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 465–473 (2010).

[CrossRef]

R. Roy, A. B. Thompson, A. Godavarty, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Tomographic fluorescence imaging in tissue phantoms: a novel reconstruction algorithm and imaging geometry,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 24, 137–154 (2005).

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