Abstract

We study the formation of the caustic surfaces formed in both convex-plane and plano-convex spherical lenses by considering a plane wave incident on the lens along the optical axis. Using the caustic formulas and a paraxial approximation we derive analytical expressions to evaluate the spherical aberration to third order. Furthermore, we apply the formulas to evaluate the circle of least confusion for a positive lens.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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