Abstract

We evaluated cyanopsia by means of achromatic-point settings at several time points started from the day before intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for cataract removal surgery. We intensively measured the initial drift in color appearance; we started the measurement less than 30  min after eyepatch removal, and the measurement continued for several weeks. The shifts were mainly observed in the direction of color space that selectively varies short-wavelength-sensitive cone (S-cone) responses. The time constant of shifts in color appearance was estimated at the initial stage of cyanopsia by fitting exponential curves. The result of fitting suggests that color appearance is recalibrated during cyanopsia by some neural mechanisms with a time constant of several hours. It also became clear that the migration of the achromatic point becomes slower within approximately 12 h after eyepatch removal.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

2006 (4)

K. Shinomori and J. S. Werner, “Impulse response of an S-cone pathway in the aging visual system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1570-1577 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Hayashi and H. Hayashi, “Visual function in patients with yellow-tinted intraocular lenses compared with vision in patients with nontinted intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthamol. 90, 1019-1023 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Kuriki, “The loci of achromatic points in a real environment under various illuminant chromaticities,” Vision Res. 46, 3055-3066 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Cionni and J. H. Tsai, “Color perception with Acrysof Natural and Acrysof single-piece intraocular lenses under photopic and mesopic conditions,” J. Cataract Refractive Surg. 32, 236-242 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. R. Galietero, R. M. Micó, G. Muñoz, and C. A. Diego, “Comparison of contrast sensitivity and color discrimination after clear and yellow intraocular lens implantation,” J. Cataract Refractive Surg. 31, 1736-1740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Hardy, C. M. Frederick, P. Kay, and J. S. Werner, “Color naming, lens aging, and grue: what the optics of the aging eye can teach us about color language,” Psychol. Sci. 16, 321-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

P. B. Delahunt, M. A. Webster, L. Ma, and J. S. Werner, “Long-term renormalization of chromatic mechanisms following cataract surgery,” Visual Neurosci. 21, 301-307 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yuan, P. Reinach, and J. Yuan, “Contrast sensitivity and color vision with a yellow intraocular lens,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 138, 138-140 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

K. Okajima, N. Tsuchiya, and K. Yamashita, “Age-related changes in colour appearance depend on unique-hue components,” Proc. SPIE 4421, 259-262 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Neitz, J. Carroll, Y. Yamauchi, M. Neitz, and D. R. Williams, “Color perception is mediated by a plastic neural mechanism that is adjustable in adults,” Neuron 35, 783-792 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

I. Kuriki, Y. Oguma, and K. Uchikawa, “Dynamics of asymmetric color matching,” Opt. Rev. 7, 249-259 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

J. M. Kraft and D. H. Brainard, “Mechanisms of color constancy under nearly natural viewing,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96, 307-312 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Kraft and J. S. Werner, “Aging and the saturation of colors. 2. Scaling of color appearance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 231-235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Bäuml, “Simultaneous color constancy: How surface color perception varies with the illuminant,” Vision Res. 39, 1531-1550 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

M. Mäntyjärvi, J. Syrjäkoski, K. Tuppurainen, and V. Honkonen, “Colour vision through intraocular lens,” Acta Ophthalmol. Scand. 75, 166-169 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Buck, “Influence of rod signals on hue perception: Evidence from successive scotopic contrast,” Vision Res. 37, 1295-1301 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (2)

I. Kuriki and K. Uchikawa, “Limitations of surface-color apparent-color constancy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 1622-1636 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Chichilnsky and B. A. Wandell, “Seeing gray through the on and off pathways,” Visual Neurosci. 13, 591-596 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

K. H. Bräuml, “Color appearance: effects of illuminant changes under different surface collections,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 531-542 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Ishida, K. Yanashima, M. Miya, S. Hozumi, and S. Okisaka, “Influence of the yellow-tinted intraocular lens on spectral sensitivity,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi 98, 192-196 (1994).
[PubMed]

1993 (5)

K. Ohhama, Y. Ohta, K. Saiki, T. Motohashi, and N. Takahashi, “The effect of tinted posterior chamber IOLs on vision,” Doc. Ophthalmol. Proc. Ser. 56, 135-142 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Schefrin and J. S. Werner, “Age-related changes in the color appearance of broadband surfaces,” Color Res. Appl. 18, 380-389 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Werner and B. E. Schefrin, “Loci of achromatic points throughout the life span,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1509-1516 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. E. Arend, “How much does illuminant color affect unattributed colors?” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2134-2147 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Ahn and D. I. A. MacLeod, “Link-specific adaptation in the luminance and chromatic channels,” Vision Res. 33, 2271-2286 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

D. H. Brainard and B. A. Wandell, “Asymmetric color-matching: How color appearance depends on the illuminant,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 1433-1448 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Fairchild and P. Lennie, “Chromatic adaptation to natural and incandescent illuminants,” Vision Res. 32, 2077-2085 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

J. Walraven and J. S. Werner, “The invariance of unique white: A possible implication for normalizing cone action spectra,” Vision Res. 31, 2185-2193 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

T. K. Kuyk and S. R. Thomas, 'Effect of short wavelength absorbing filters on Farnsworth-Munsell 100 hue test and hue identification task performance,” Optom. Vision Sci. 67522-531 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

K. Uchikawa, H. Uchikawa, and R. M. Boynton, “Partial color constancy of isolated colors examined by a color naming method,” Perception 18, 83-91 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (2)

1986 (3)

1985 (2)

V. C. Smith, J. Pokorny, and A. S. Pass, “Color-axis determination on the Farnsworth-Munsell 100-hue test,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 100, 176-182 (1985).
[PubMed]

E. C. Poulton and D. C. Simmonds, “Subjective zeros, subjectively equal stimulus spacing, and contraction biases in very first judgments of lightness,” Percept. Psychophys. 37, 420-428 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

1982 (1)

J. S. Werner and J. Walraven, “Effect of chromatic adaptation on the achromatic locus: the role of contrast, luminance and background color,” Vision Res. 22, 929-944 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1981 (1)

1979 (1)

1978 (1)

J. J. Vos, “Colorimetric and photometric properties of a 2 fundamental observer,” Color Res. Appl. 3, 125-128 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

V. C. Smith and J. Pokorny, “Spectral sensitivity of the foveal cone photopigments between 400 and 500 nm,” Vision Res. 15, 161-171 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1963 (1)

Ahn, S. J.

S. J. Ahn and D. I. A. MacLeod, “Link-specific adaptation in the luminance and chromatic channels,” Vision Res. 33, 2271-2286 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arend, L. E.

Bäuml, K. H.

K. H. Bäuml, “Simultaneous color constancy: How surface color perception varies with the illuminant,” Vision Res. 39, 1531-1550 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boynton, R. M.

K. Uchikawa, H. Uchikawa, and R. M. Boynton, “Partial color constancy of isolated colors examined by a color naming method,” Perception 18, 83-91 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. I. A. MacLeod and R. M. Boynton, “Chromaticity diagram showing cone excitation by stimuli of equal luminance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1183-1186 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brainard, D. H.

Bräuml, K. H.

Buck, S. L.

S. L. Buck, “Influence of rod signals on hue perception: Evidence from successive scotopic contrast,” Vision Res. 37, 1295-1301 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carroll, J.

J. Neitz, J. Carroll, Y. Yamauchi, M. Neitz, and D. R. Williams, “Color perception is mediated by a plastic neural mechanism that is adjustable in adults,” Neuron 35, 783-792 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chichilnsky, E. J.

E. J. Chichilnsky and B. A. Wandell, “Seeing gray through the on and off pathways,” Visual Neurosci. 13, 591-596 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cionni, R. J.

R. J. Cionni and J. H. Tsai, “Color perception with Acrysof Natural and Acrysof single-piece intraocular lenses under photopic and mesopic conditions,” J. Cataract Refractive Surg. 32, 236-242 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Delahunt, P. B.

P. B. Delahunt, M. A. Webster, L. Ma, and J. S. Werner, “Long-term renormalization of chromatic mechanisms following cataract surgery,” Visual Neurosci. 21, 301-307 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Diego, C. A.

A. R. Galietero, R. M. Micó, G. Muñoz, and C. A. Diego, “Comparison of contrast sensitivity and color discrimination after clear and yellow intraocular lens implantation,” J. Cataract Refractive Surg. 31, 1736-1740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eisner, A.

Emery, J. M.

J. M. Emery and J. H. Little, Phacoemulsification and Aspiration of Cataracts (CV Mosby, 1979), pp. 45-48.

Fairchild, M. D.

M. D. Fairchild and P. Lennie, “Chromatic adaptation to natural and incandescent illuminants,” Vision Res. 32, 2077-2085 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frederick, C. M.

J. L. Hardy, C. M. Frederick, P. Kay, and J. S. Werner, “Color naming, lens aging, and grue: what the optics of the aging eye can teach us about color language,” Psychol. Sci. 16, 321-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galietero, A. R.

A. R. Galietero, R. M. Micó, G. Muñoz, and C. A. Diego, “Comparison of contrast sensitivity and color discrimination after clear and yellow intraocular lens implantation,” J. Cataract Refractive Surg. 31, 1736-1740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, J. L.

J. L. Hardy, C. M. Frederick, P. Kay, and J. S. Werner, “Color naming, lens aging, and grue: what the optics of the aging eye can teach us about color language,” Psychol. Sci. 16, 321-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hayashi, H.

K. Hayashi and H. Hayashi, “Visual function in patients with yellow-tinted intraocular lenses compared with vision in patients with nontinted intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthamol. 90, 1019-1023 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, K.

K. Hayashi and H. Hayashi, “Visual function in patients with yellow-tinted intraocular lenses compared with vision in patients with nontinted intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthamol. 90, 1019-1023 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hayhoe, M. M.

M. M. Hayhoe and P. Wenderoth, “Adaptation mechanisms in color and brightness,” in From Pigments to Perception, A.Valberg and B.B.Lee, eds. (Plenum Press, 1991), pp. 353-367.

Higgins, K. E.

Honkonen, V.

M. Mäntyjärvi, J. Syrjäkoski, K. Tuppurainen, and V. Honkonen, “Colour vision through intraocular lens,” Acta Ophthalmol. Scand. 75, 166-169 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hozumi, S.

M. Ishida, K. Yanashima, M. Miya, S. Hozumi, and S. Okisaka, “Influence of the yellow-tinted intraocular lens on spectral sensitivity,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi 98, 192-196 (1994).
[PubMed]

Hynes, R.

Ikeda, M.

Ishida, M.

M. Ishida, K. Yanashima, M. Miya, S. Hozumi, and S. Okisaka, “Influence of the yellow-tinted intraocular lens on spectral sensitivity,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi 98, 192-196 (1994).
[PubMed]

Jordan, D. R.

D. R. Jordan and J. D. Valberg, “Dyschromatopsia following cataract surgery,” Can. J. Ophthalmol. 21, 140-143 (1986).
[PubMed]

Kass, D.

Kay, P.

J. L. Hardy, C. M. Frederick, P. Kay, and J. S. Werner, “Color naming, lens aging, and grue: what the optics of the aging eye can teach us about color language,” Psychol. Sci. 16, 321-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knoblauch, K.

Kraft, J. M.

J. M. Kraft and D. H. Brainard, “Mechanisms of color constancy under nearly natural viewing,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96, 307-312 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Kraft and J. S. Werner, “Aging and the saturation of colors. 2. Scaling of color appearance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 231-235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuriki, I.

I. Kuriki, “The loci of achromatic points in a real environment under various illuminant chromaticities,” Vision Res. 46, 3055-3066 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Kuriki, Y. Oguma, and K. Uchikawa, “Dynamics of asymmetric color matching,” Opt. Rev. 7, 249-259 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Kuriki and K. Uchikawa, “Limitations of surface-color apparent-color constancy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 1622-1636 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. Kuriki and D. I. A. MacLeod, “Chromatic adaptation aftereffects on luminance and chromatic channels,” in JohnDalton's Colour Vision Legacy, C.M.Dickinson, I.J.Murray and D.Carden eds. (Taylor and Francis, 1998), pp. 73-83.

Kusuda, M.

Kuyk, T. K.

T. K. Kuyk and S. R. Thomas, 'Effect of short wavelength absorbing filters on Farnsworth-Munsell 100 hue test and hue identification task performance,” Optom. Vision Sci. 67522-531 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Laxar, K.

Lennie, P.

M. D. Fairchild and P. Lennie, “Chromatic adaptation to natural and incandescent illuminants,” Vision Res. 32, 2077-2085 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leonard, D.

Little, J. H.

J. M. Emery and J. H. Little, Phacoemulsification and Aspiration of Cataracts (CV Mosby, 1979), pp. 45-48.

Lutze, M.

Ma, L.

P. B. Delahunt, M. A. Webster, L. Ma, and J. S. Werner, “Long-term renormalization of chromatic mechanisms following cataract surgery,” Visual Neurosci. 21, 301-307 (2004).
[CrossRef]

MacLeod, D. I. A.

S. J. Ahn and D. I. A. MacLeod, “Link-specific adaptation in the luminance and chromatic channels,” Vision Res. 33, 2271-2286 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Eisner and D. I. A. MacLeod, “Flicker photometric study of chromatic adaptation: selective suppression of cone inputs by colored backgrounds,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 705-718 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. I. A. MacLeod and R. M. Boynton, “Chromaticity diagram showing cone excitation by stimuli of equal luminance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1183-1186 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Kuriki and D. I. A. MacLeod, “Chromatic adaptation aftereffects on luminance and chromatic channels,” in JohnDalton's Colour Vision Legacy, C.M.Dickinson, I.J.Murray and D.Carden eds. (Taylor and Francis, 1998), pp. 73-83.

Mäntyjärvi, M.

M. Mäntyjärvi, J. Syrjäkoski, K. Tuppurainen, and V. Honkonen, “Colour vision through intraocular lens,” Acta Ophthalmol. Scand. 75, 166-169 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Micó, R. M.

A. R. Galietero, R. M. Micó, G. Muñoz, and C. A. Diego, “Comparison of contrast sensitivity and color discrimination after clear and yellow intraocular lens implantation,” J. Cataract Refractive Surg. 31, 1736-1740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miya, M.

M. Ishida, K. Yanashima, M. Miya, S. Hozumi, and S. Okisaka, “Influence of the yellow-tinted intraocular lens on spectral sensitivity,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi 98, 192-196 (1994).
[PubMed]

Monasterio, F. M.

Motohashi, T.

K. Ohhama, Y. Ohta, K. Saiki, T. Motohashi, and N. Takahashi, “The effect of tinted posterior chamber IOLs on vision,” Doc. Ophthalmol. Proc. Ser. 56, 135-142 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Muñoz, G.

A. R. Galietero, R. M. Micó, G. Muñoz, and C. A. Diego, “Comparison of contrast sensitivity and color discrimination after clear and yellow intraocular lens implantation,” J. Cataract Refractive Surg. 31, 1736-1740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, Y.

Neitz, J.

J. Neitz, J. Carroll, Y. Yamauchi, M. Neitz, and D. R. Williams, “Color perception is mediated by a plastic neural mechanism that is adjustable in adults,” Neuron 35, 783-792 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neitz, M.

J. Neitz, J. Carroll, Y. Yamauchi, M. Neitz, and D. R. Williams, “Color perception is mediated by a plastic neural mechanism that is adjustable in adults,” Neuron 35, 783-792 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oguma, Y.

I. Kuriki, Y. Oguma, and K. Uchikawa, “Dynamics of asymmetric color matching,” Opt. Rev. 7, 249-259 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ohhama, K.

K. Ohhama, Y. Ohta, K. Saiki, T. Motohashi, and N. Takahashi, “The effect of tinted posterior chamber IOLs on vision,” Doc. Ophthalmol. Proc. Ser. 56, 135-142 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ohta, Y.

K. Ohhama, Y. Ohta, K. Saiki, T. Motohashi, and N. Takahashi, “The effect of tinted posterior chamber IOLs on vision,” Doc. Ophthalmol. Proc. Ser. 56, 135-142 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Okajima, K.

K. Okajima, N. Tsuchiya, and K. Yamashita, “Age-related changes in colour appearance depend on unique-hue components,” Proc. SPIE 4421, 259-262 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Okisaka, S.

M. Ishida, K. Yanashima, M. Miya, S. Hozumi, and S. Okisaka, “Influence of the yellow-tinted intraocular lens on spectral sensitivity,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi 98, 192-196 (1994).
[PubMed]

Pass, A. S.

V. C. Smith, J. Pokorny, and A. S. Pass, “Color-axis determination on the Farnsworth-Munsell 100-hue test,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 100, 176-182 (1985).
[PubMed]

Podgor, M.

Pokorny, J.

J. Pokorny, V. C. Smith, and M. Lutze, “Aging of the human lens,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1437-1440 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. C. Smith, J. Pokorny, and A. S. Pass, “Color-axis determination on the Farnsworth-Munsell 100-hue test,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 100, 176-182 (1985).
[PubMed]

V. C. Smith and J. Pokorny, “Spectral sensitivity of the foveal cone photopigments between 400 and 500 nm,” Vision Res. 15, 161-171 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poulton, E. C.

E. C. Poulton and D. C. Simmonds, “Subjective zeros, subjectively equal stimulus spacing, and contraction biases in very first judgments of lightness,” Percept. Psychophys. 37, 420-428 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reeves, A.

Reinach, P.

Z. Yuan, P. Reinach, and J. Yuan, “Contrast sensitivity and color vision with a yellow intraocular lens,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 138, 138-140 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saiki, K.

K. Ohhama, Y. Ohta, K. Saiki, T. Motohashi, and N. Takahashi, “The effect of tinted posterior chamber IOLs on vision,” Doc. Ophthalmol. Proc. Ser. 56, 135-142 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Saunders, F.

Schefrin, B. E.

B. E. Schefrin and J. S. Werner, “Age-related changes in the color appearance of broadband surfaces,” Color Res. Appl. 18, 380-389 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Werner and B. E. Schefrin, “Loci of achromatic points throughout the life span,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1509-1516 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shinomori, K.

Simmonds, D. C.

E. C. Poulton and D. C. Simmonds, “Subjective zeros, subjectively equal stimulus spacing, and contraction biases in very first judgments of lightness,” Percept. Psychophys. 37, 420-428 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, V. C.

J. Pokorny, V. C. Smith, and M. Lutze, “Aging of the human lens,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1437-1440 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. C. Smith, J. Pokorny, and A. S. Pass, “Color-axis determination on the Farnsworth-Munsell 100-hue test,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 100, 176-182 (1985).
[PubMed]

V. C. Smith and J. Pokorny, “Spectral sensitivity of the foveal cone photopigments between 400 and 500 nm,” Vision Res. 15, 161-171 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Syrjäkoski, J.

M. Mäntyjärvi, J. Syrjäkoski, K. Tuppurainen, and V. Honkonen, “Colour vision through intraocular lens,” Acta Ophthalmol. Scand. 75, 166-169 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, N.

K. Ohhama, Y. Ohta, K. Saiki, T. Motohashi, and N. Takahashi, “The effect of tinted posterior chamber IOLs on vision,” Doc. Ophthalmol. Proc. Ser. 56, 135-142 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, S. R.

T. K. Kuyk and S. R. Thomas, 'Effect of short wavelength absorbing filters on Farnsworth-Munsell 100 hue test and hue identification task performance,” Optom. Vision Sci. 67522-531 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, J. H.

R. J. Cionni and J. H. Tsai, “Color perception with Acrysof Natural and Acrysof single-piece intraocular lenses under photopic and mesopic conditions,” J. Cataract Refractive Surg. 32, 236-242 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchiya, N.

K. Okajima, N. Tsuchiya, and K. Yamashita, “Age-related changes in colour appearance depend on unique-hue components,” Proc. SPIE 4421, 259-262 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tuppurainen, K.

M. Mäntyjärvi, J. Syrjäkoski, K. Tuppurainen, and V. Honkonen, “Colour vision through intraocular lens,” Acta Ophthalmol. Scand. 75, 166-169 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uchikawa, H.

K. Uchikawa, H. Uchikawa, and R. M. Boynton, “Partial color constancy of isolated colors examined by a color naming method,” Perception 18, 83-91 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uchikawa, K.

I. Kuriki, Y. Oguma, and K. Uchikawa, “Dynamics of asymmetric color matching,” Opt. Rev. 7, 249-259 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Kuriki and K. Uchikawa, “Limitations of surface-color apparent-color constancy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 1622-1636 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Uchikawa, H. Uchikawa, and R. M. Boynton, “Partial color constancy of isolated colors examined by a color naming method,” Perception 18, 83-91 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valberg, J. D.

D. R. Jordan and J. D. Valberg, “Dyschromatopsia following cataract surgery,” Can. J. Ophthalmol. 21, 140-143 (1986).
[PubMed]

Verriest, G.

G. Verriest, “Further studies on acquired deficiency of color discrimination,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 185-195 (1963).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Verriest, “Refractive media: Acquired color vision defects,” in Congenital and Acquired Color Vision Defects, J.Pokorny, V.C.Smith, G.Verriest, A. J.L. G.Pinckers, eds. (Grune and Stratton, 1979), pp. 245-249.

Vos, J. J.

J. J. Vos, “Colorimetric and photometric properties of a 2 fundamental observer,” Color Res. Appl. 3, 125-128 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Walraven, J.

J. Walraven and J. S. Werner, “The invariance of unique white: A possible implication for normalizing cone action spectra,” Vision Res. 31, 2185-2193 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Werner and J. Walraven, “Effect of chromatic adaptation on the achromatic locus: the role of contrast, luminance and background color,” Vision Res. 22, 929-944 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wandell, B. A.

E. J. Chichilnsky and B. A. Wandell, “Seeing gray through the on and off pathways,” Visual Neurosci. 13, 591-596 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Brainard and B. A. Wandell, “Asymmetric color-matching: How color appearance depends on the illuminant,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 1433-1448 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Webster, M. A.

M. A. Webster and D. Leonard, “Adaptation and perceptual norms in color vision,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 2817-2825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Delahunt, M. A. Webster, L. Ma, and J. S. Werner, “Long-term renormalization of chromatic mechanisms following cataract surgery,” Visual Neurosci. 21, 301-307 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wenderoth, P.

M. M. Hayhoe and P. Wenderoth, “Adaptation mechanisms in color and brightness,” in From Pigments to Perception, A.Valberg and B.B.Lee, eds. (Plenum Press, 1991), pp. 353-367.

Werner, J. S.

K. Shinomori and J. S. Werner, “Impulse response of an S-cone pathway in the aging visual system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1570-1577 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Hardy, C. M. Frederick, P. Kay, and J. S. Werner, “Color naming, lens aging, and grue: what the optics of the aging eye can teach us about color language,” Psychol. Sci. 16, 321-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Delahunt, M. A. Webster, L. Ma, and J. S. Werner, “Long-term renormalization of chromatic mechanisms following cataract surgery,” Visual Neurosci. 21, 301-307 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Kraft and J. S. Werner, “Aging and the saturation of colors. 2. Scaling of color appearance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 231-235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Schefrin and J. S. Werner, “Age-related changes in the color appearance of broadband surfaces,” Color Res. Appl. 18, 380-389 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Werner and B. E. Schefrin, “Loci of achromatic points throughout the life span,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1509-1516 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Walraven and J. S. Werner, “The invariance of unique white: A possible implication for normalizing cone action spectra,” Vision Res. 31, 2185-2193 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Werner and J. Walraven, “Effect of chromatic adaptation on the achromatic locus: the role of contrast, luminance and background color,” Vision Res. 22, 929-944 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Williams, D. R.

J. Neitz, J. Carroll, Y. Yamauchi, M. Neitz, and D. R. Williams, “Color perception is mediated by a plastic neural mechanism that is adjustable in adults,” Neuron 35, 783-792 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wooten, B. R.

Yamashita, K.

K. Okajima, N. Tsuchiya, and K. Yamashita, “Age-related changes in colour appearance depend on unique-hue components,” Proc. SPIE 4421, 259-262 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamauchi, Y.

J. Neitz, J. Carroll, Y. Yamauchi, M. Neitz, and D. R. Williams, “Color perception is mediated by a plastic neural mechanism that is adjustable in adults,” Neuron 35, 783-792 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yanashima, K.

M. Ishida, K. Yanashima, M. Miya, S. Hozumi, and S. Okisaka, “Influence of the yellow-tinted intraocular lens on spectral sensitivity,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi 98, 192-196 (1994).
[PubMed]

Young, R. W.

R. W. Young, Age-Related Cataracts (Oxford U. Press, 1991).

Yuan, J.

Z. Yuan, P. Reinach, and J. Yuan, “Contrast sensitivity and color vision with a yellow intraocular lens,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 138, 138-140 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, Z.

Z. Yuan, P. Reinach, and J. Yuan, “Contrast sensitivity and color vision with a yellow intraocular lens,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 138, 138-140 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Acta Ophthalmol. Scand. (1)

M. Mäntyjärvi, J. Syrjäkoski, K. Tuppurainen, and V. Honkonen, “Colour vision through intraocular lens,” Acta Ophthalmol. Scand. 75, 166-169 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Am. J. Ophthalmol. (2)

V. C. Smith, J. Pokorny, and A. S. Pass, “Color-axis determination on the Farnsworth-Munsell 100-hue test,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 100, 176-182 (1985).
[PubMed]

Z. Yuan, P. Reinach, and J. Yuan, “Contrast sensitivity and color vision with a yellow intraocular lens,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 138, 138-140 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Br. J. Ophthamol. (1)

K. Hayashi and H. Hayashi, “Visual function in patients with yellow-tinted intraocular lenses compared with vision in patients with nontinted intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthamol. 90, 1019-1023 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Can. J. Ophthalmol. (1)

D. R. Jordan and J. D. Valberg, “Dyschromatopsia following cataract surgery,” Can. J. Ophthalmol. 21, 140-143 (1986).
[PubMed]

Color Res. Appl. (2)

J. J. Vos, “Colorimetric and photometric properties of a 2 fundamental observer,” Color Res. Appl. 3, 125-128 (1978).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Schefrin and J. S. Werner, “Age-related changes in the color appearance of broadband surfaces,” Color Res. Appl. 18, 380-389 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Doc. Ophthalmol. Proc. Ser. (1)

K. Ohhama, Y. Ohta, K. Saiki, T. Motohashi, and N. Takahashi, “The effect of tinted posterior chamber IOLs on vision,” Doc. Ophthalmol. Proc. Ser. 56, 135-142 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Cataract Refractive Surg. (2)

A. R. Galietero, R. M. Micó, G. Muñoz, and C. A. Diego, “Comparison of contrast sensitivity and color discrimination after clear and yellow intraocular lens implantation,” J. Cataract Refractive Surg. 31, 1736-1740 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Cionni and J. H. Tsai, “Color perception with Acrysof Natural and Acrysof single-piece intraocular lenses under photopic and mesopic conditions,” J. Cataract Refractive Surg. 32, 236-242 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (12)

K. Laxar, D. Kass, and B. R. Wooten, “Flicker-photometric spectral sensitivity in the presence of chromatic surrounds,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 888-892 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. H. Brainard and B. A. Wandell, “Asymmetric color-matching: How color appearance depends on the illuminant,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 1433-1448 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Webster and D. Leonard, “Adaptation and perceptual norms in color vision,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 2817-2825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Ikeda and Y. Nakano, “Spectral luminous-efficiency functions obtained by direct heterochromatic brightness matching for point sources and for 2 degrees and 10 degrees fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 2105-2108 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Shinomori and J. S. Werner, “Impulse response of an S-cone pathway in the aging visual system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1570-1577 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Arend and A. Reeves, “Simultaneous color constancy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1743-1751 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Werner and B. E. Schefrin, “Loci of achromatic points throughout the life span,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1509-1516 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Kraft and J. S. Werner, “Aging and the saturation of colors. 2. Scaling of color appearance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 231-235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Kuriki and K. Uchikawa, “Limitations of surface-color apparent-color constancy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 1622-1636 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Arend, “How much does illuminant color affect unattributed colors?” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2134-2147 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Bräuml, “Color appearance: effects of illuminant changes under different surface collections,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 531-542 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Brainard, “Color constancy in the nearly natural image. 2. Achromatic loci,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 307-325 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Neuron (1)

J. Neitz, J. Carroll, Y. Yamauchi, M. Neitz, and D. R. Williams, “Color perception is mediated by a plastic neural mechanism that is adjustable in adults,” Neuron 35, 783-792 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi (1)

M. Ishida, K. Yanashima, M. Miya, S. Hozumi, and S. Okisaka, “Influence of the yellow-tinted intraocular lens on spectral sensitivity,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi 98, 192-196 (1994).
[PubMed]

Opt. Rev. (1)

I. Kuriki, Y. Oguma, and K. Uchikawa, “Dynamics of asymmetric color matching,” Opt. Rev. 7, 249-259 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Optom. Vision Sci. (1)

T. K. Kuyk and S. R. Thomas, 'Effect of short wavelength absorbing filters on Farnsworth-Munsell 100 hue test and hue identification task performance,” Optom. Vision Sci. 67522-531 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Percept. Psychophys. (1)

E. C. Poulton and D. C. Simmonds, “Subjective zeros, subjectively equal stimulus spacing, and contraction biases in very first judgments of lightness,” Percept. Psychophys. 37, 420-428 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perception (1)

K. Uchikawa, H. Uchikawa, and R. M. Boynton, “Partial color constancy of isolated colors examined by a color naming method,” Perception 18, 83-91 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

J. M. Kraft and D. H. Brainard, “Mechanisms of color constancy under nearly natural viewing,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96, 307-312 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

K. Okajima, N. Tsuchiya, and K. Yamashita, “Age-related changes in colour appearance depend on unique-hue components,” Proc. SPIE 4421, 259-262 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Psychol. Sci. (1)

J. L. Hardy, C. M. Frederick, P. Kay, and J. S. Werner, “Color naming, lens aging, and grue: what the optics of the aging eye can teach us about color language,” Psychol. Sci. 16, 321-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vision Res. (8)

V. C. Smith and J. Pokorny, “Spectral sensitivity of the foveal cone photopigments between 400 and 500 nm,” Vision Res. 15, 161-171 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. H. Bäuml, “Simultaneous color constancy: How surface color perception varies with the illuminant,” Vision Res. 39, 1531-1550 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Kuriki, “The loci of achromatic points in a real environment under various illuminant chromaticities,” Vision Res. 46, 3055-3066 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Werner and J. Walraven, “Effect of chromatic adaptation on the achromatic locus: the role of contrast, luminance and background color,” Vision Res. 22, 929-944 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Fairchild and P. Lennie, “Chromatic adaptation to natural and incandescent illuminants,” Vision Res. 32, 2077-2085 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Buck, “Influence of rod signals on hue perception: Evidence from successive scotopic contrast,” Vision Res. 37, 1295-1301 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Walraven and J. S. Werner, “The invariance of unique white: A possible implication for normalizing cone action spectra,” Vision Res. 31, 2185-2193 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Ahn and D. I. A. MacLeod, “Link-specific adaptation in the luminance and chromatic channels,” Vision Res. 33, 2271-2286 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Visual Neurosci. (2)

E. J. Chichilnsky and B. A. Wandell, “Seeing gray through the on and off pathways,” Visual Neurosci. 13, 591-596 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Delahunt, M. A. Webster, L. Ma, and J. S. Werner, “Long-term renormalization of chromatic mechanisms following cataract surgery,” Visual Neurosci. 21, 301-307 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

R. W. Young, Age-Related Cataracts (Oxford U. Press, 1991).

J. M. Emery and J. H. Little, Phacoemulsification and Aspiration of Cataracts (CV Mosby, 1979), pp. 45-48.

G. Verriest, “Refractive media: Acquired color vision defects,” in Congenital and Acquired Color Vision Defects, J.Pokorny, V.C.Smith, G.Verriest, A. J.L. G.Pinckers, eds. (Grune and Stratton, 1979), pp. 245-249.

M. M. Hayhoe and P. Wenderoth, “Adaptation mechanisms in color and brightness,” in From Pigments to Perception, A.Valberg and B.B.Lee, eds. (Plenum Press, 1991), pp. 353-367.

I. Kuriki and D. I. A. MacLeod, “Chromatic adaptation aftereffects on luminance and chromatic channels,” in JohnDalton's Colour Vision Legacy, C.M.Dickinson, I.J.Murray and D.Carden eds. (Taylor and Francis, 1998), pp. 73-83.

Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage, “Spectral luminous efficiency functions based upon heterochromatic brightness matching for monochromatic point sources, 2° and 10° fields,” CIE Pub. No. 41 (CIE Vienna, 1988).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Locus of achromatic points for each subject, plotted on the CIE u v (1976) chromaticity diagram. The open circle shows the achromatic point before surgery. Filled circle represents the result of achromatic settings for each session. Each symbol shows mean of 10 trials, and error bars show ± 1 S.D. The time indicated by arrow represents the time of the last trial in each session elapsed after the eyepatch removal. The achromatic points shift rapidly toward the presurgical white point within several hours after eyepatch removal. About 1  week after surgery the achromatic points continued to shift slowly toward the presurgery white point.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Shifts in achromatic-point settings over time for the four subjects, plotted on the MacLeod–Boynton color coordinates. The horizontal axis represents the time after the eyepatch removal in a logarithmic scale and the vertical axis represents the chromaticity coordinate of achromatic points in b coordinate. Different symbols represent the result of different subjects. The curves represent the result of fitting by an exponential curve [formula (1)], and the parameters are shown in Table 2.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Each Subject’s State of Cataract before Surgery

Tables Icon

Table 2 Parameters of Exponential-Curve Fitting (Fig. 2) for Each Subject’s Result

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

b = a ( 1 exp ( t λ ) ) + c ,

Metrics