Abstract

Color appearance models predict how a patch of color is perceived under specific illumination. We derive a new model based on neuroscientific insights, leading to a simpler explanation of color appearance while at the same time predicting existing psychophysical data with similar accuracy for chroma and higher accuracy for lightness and hue.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. D. Fairchild, Color Appearance Models, 2nd ed., IS&T Series in Imaging Science and Technology (Wiley, 2005).
  2. CIE, CIE TC8-01 Technical Report. A Colour Appearance Model for Color Management Systems: CIECAM02, Tech. Rep. (CIE, 2004).
  3. M. R. Luo and R. W. G. Hunt, “Testing colour appearance models using corresponding-colour and magnitude-estimation data sets,” Color Res. Appl. 23, 147-153 (1998).
  4. M. R. Luo, A. Clarke, P. Rhodes, A. Schappo, S. Scrivner, and C. Tait, “Quantifying colour appearance. Part I LUTCHI colour appearance data,” Color Res. Appl. 16, 166-180 (1991).
  5. J. von Kries, “Chromatic Adaptation,” in Sources of Color Vision, D.L.MacAdam, ed., (MIT, 1970), pp. 109-119. Originally published as Festschrift der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg (1902).
  6. N. Moroney, M. Fairchild, R. W. G. Hunt, C. Li, M. R. Luo, and T. Newman, “The CIECAM02 color appearance model,” in IS&T/SID Tenth Color Imaging Conference (IS&T, 2003), pp. 23-27.
  7. H. van Hateren, “A cellular and molecular model of response kinetics and adaptation in primate cones and horizontal cells,” J. Vision 5, 331-347 (2005).
  8. H. van Hateren, “Encoding of high dynamic range video with a model of human cones,” ACM Trans. Graphics 25, 1380-1399 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. L. Ruderman and W. Bialek, “Statistics of natural images: scaling in the woods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 814-817 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. L. Ruderman, T. W. Cronin, and C. C. Chiao, “Statistics of cone responses to natural images: implications for visual coding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2036-2045 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. I. Naka and W. A. H. Rushton, “S-potentials from luminosity units in the retina of fish (Cyprinidae),” J. Physiol. (London) 185, 587-599 (1966).
  12. J. E. Dowling, The Retina: An Approachable Part of the Brain (Belknap Press of Harvard U. Press, 1987).
  13. S. Guth, N. Donely, and R. Marrocco, “On luminance additivity and related topics,” Vision Res. 9, 537-575 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. M. Derrington, J. Krauskopf, and P. Lennie, “Chromatic mechanisms in lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque.” J. Physiol. (London) 357, 241-265 (1984).
  15. R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “A multi-stage color model,” Vision Res. 33, 1053-1065 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “On 'a three-stage color model,'” Vision Res. 36, 833-836 (1996).
  17. R. L. De Valois, N. P. Cottaris, S. D. Elfar, L. E. Mahon, and J. A. Wilson, “Some transformations of color information from lateral geniculate nucleus to striate cortex,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 4997-5002 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. R. Luo, “Communications and comments: using the LUTCHI colour appearance data,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 414-417 (1997).
  19. R. L. De Valois, K. K. De Valois, E. Switkes, and L. Mahon, “Hue scaling of isoluminant and cone-specific lights,” Vision Res. 37, 885-897 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. Li, M. R. Luo, B. Rigg, and R. W. G. Hunt, “CMC 2000 chromatic adaptation transform: CMCCAT2000,” Color Res. Appl. 27, 49-58 (2002).
  21. L. Mori, H. Sobagaki, H. Komatsubara, and K. Ikeda, “Field trials on CIE chromatic adaptation formula,” in Proceedings of the CIE 22nd Session (1991), pp. 55-58.
  22. W. G. Kuo, M. R. Luo, and H. E. Bez, “Various chromatic adaptation transforms tested using new colour appearance data in textiles,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 313-327 (1995).
  23. K. Lam, “Metamerism and colour constancy,” Ph. D. dissertation (University of Bradford, 1985).
  24. H. Helson, D. B. Judd, and M. H. Warren, “Object-color changes from daylight in incandescent filament illumination,” Illum. Eng. (N.Y.) 47, 221-233 (1952).
  25. E. J. Breneman, “Corresponding chromaticities for different states of adaptation to complex visual fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1115-1129 (1987).
  26. K. M. Braun and M. D. Fairchild, “Psychophysical generation of matching images for cross-media color reproduction,” in Proceedings of the 4th Color Imaging Conference (1996), pp. 214-220.

2006 (1)

H. van Hateren, “Encoding of high dynamic range video with a model of human cones,” ACM Trans. Graphics 25, 1380-1399 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

H. van Hateren, “A cellular and molecular model of response kinetics and adaptation in primate cones and horizontal cells,” J. Vision 5, 331-347 (2005).

2002 (1)

C. Li, M. R. Luo, B. Rigg, and R. W. G. Hunt, “CMC 2000 chromatic adaptation transform: CMCCAT2000,” Color Res. Appl. 27, 49-58 (2002).

2000 (1)

R. L. De Valois, N. P. Cottaris, S. D. Elfar, L. E. Mahon, and J. A. Wilson, “Some transformations of color information from lateral geniculate nucleus to striate cortex,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 4997-5002 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

M. R. Luo and R. W. G. Hunt, “Testing colour appearance models using corresponding-colour and magnitude-estimation data sets,” Color Res. Appl. 23, 147-153 (1998).

D. L. Ruderman, T. W. Cronin, and C. C. Chiao, “Statistics of cone responses to natural images: implications for visual coding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2036-2045 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

M. R. Luo, “Communications and comments: using the LUTCHI colour appearance data,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 414-417 (1997).

R. L. De Valois, K. K. De Valois, E. Switkes, and L. Mahon, “Hue scaling of isoluminant and cone-specific lights,” Vision Res. 37, 885-897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “On 'a three-stage color model,'” Vision Res. 36, 833-836 (1996).

1995 (1)

W. G. Kuo, M. R. Luo, and H. E. Bez, “Various chromatic adaptation transforms tested using new colour appearance data in textiles,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 313-327 (1995).

1994 (1)

D. L. Ruderman and W. Bialek, “Statistics of natural images: scaling in the woods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 814-817 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “A multi-stage color model,” Vision Res. 33, 1053-1065 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. R. Luo, A. Clarke, P. Rhodes, A. Schappo, S. Scrivner, and C. Tait, “Quantifying colour appearance. Part I LUTCHI colour appearance data,” Color Res. Appl. 16, 166-180 (1991).

1987 (1)

1984 (1)

A. M. Derrington, J. Krauskopf, and P. Lennie, “Chromatic mechanisms in lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque.” J. Physiol. (London) 357, 241-265 (1984).

1969 (1)

S. Guth, N. Donely, and R. Marrocco, “On luminance additivity and related topics,” Vision Res. 9, 537-575 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

K. I. Naka and W. A. H. Rushton, “S-potentials from luminosity units in the retina of fish (Cyprinidae),” J. Physiol. (London) 185, 587-599 (1966).

1952 (1)

H. Helson, D. B. Judd, and M. H. Warren, “Object-color changes from daylight in incandescent filament illumination,” Illum. Eng. (N.Y.) 47, 221-233 (1952).

Bez, H. E.

W. G. Kuo, M. R. Luo, and H. E. Bez, “Various chromatic adaptation transforms tested using new colour appearance data in textiles,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 313-327 (1995).

Bialek, W.

D. L. Ruderman and W. Bialek, “Statistics of natural images: scaling in the woods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 814-817 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Braun, K. M.

K. M. Braun and M. D. Fairchild, “Psychophysical generation of matching images for cross-media color reproduction,” in Proceedings of the 4th Color Imaging Conference (1996), pp. 214-220.

Breneman, E. J.

Chiao, C. C.

Clarke, A.

M. R. Luo, A. Clarke, P. Rhodes, A. Schappo, S. Scrivner, and C. Tait, “Quantifying colour appearance. Part I LUTCHI colour appearance data,” Color Res. Appl. 16, 166-180 (1991).

Cottaris, N. P.

R. L. De Valois, N. P. Cottaris, S. D. Elfar, L. E. Mahon, and J. A. Wilson, “Some transformations of color information from lateral geniculate nucleus to striate cortex,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 4997-5002 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cronin, T. W.

De Valois, K. K.

R. L. De Valois, K. K. De Valois, E. Switkes, and L. Mahon, “Hue scaling of isoluminant and cone-specific lights,” Vision Res. 37, 885-897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “On 'a three-stage color model,'” Vision Res. 36, 833-836 (1996).

R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “A multi-stage color model,” Vision Res. 33, 1053-1065 (1993).
[CrossRef]

De Valois, R. L.

R. L. De Valois, N. P. Cottaris, S. D. Elfar, L. E. Mahon, and J. A. Wilson, “Some transformations of color information from lateral geniculate nucleus to striate cortex,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 4997-5002 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. De Valois, K. K. De Valois, E. Switkes, and L. Mahon, “Hue scaling of isoluminant and cone-specific lights,” Vision Res. 37, 885-897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “On 'a three-stage color model,'” Vision Res. 36, 833-836 (1996).

R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “A multi-stage color model,” Vision Res. 33, 1053-1065 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Derrington, A. M.

A. M. Derrington, J. Krauskopf, and P. Lennie, “Chromatic mechanisms in lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque.” J. Physiol. (London) 357, 241-265 (1984).

Donely, N.

S. Guth, N. Donely, and R. Marrocco, “On luminance additivity and related topics,” Vision Res. 9, 537-575 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Dowling, J. E.

J. E. Dowling, The Retina: An Approachable Part of the Brain (Belknap Press of Harvard U. Press, 1987).

Elfar, S. D.

R. L. De Valois, N. P. Cottaris, S. D. Elfar, L. E. Mahon, and J. A. Wilson, “Some transformations of color information from lateral geniculate nucleus to striate cortex,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 4997-5002 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fairchild, M.

N. Moroney, M. Fairchild, R. W. G. Hunt, C. Li, M. R. Luo, and T. Newman, “The CIECAM02 color appearance model,” in IS&T/SID Tenth Color Imaging Conference (IS&T, 2003), pp. 23-27.

Fairchild, M. D.

M. D. Fairchild, Color Appearance Models, 2nd ed., IS&T Series in Imaging Science and Technology (Wiley, 2005).

K. M. Braun and M. D. Fairchild, “Psychophysical generation of matching images for cross-media color reproduction,” in Proceedings of the 4th Color Imaging Conference (1996), pp. 214-220.

Guth, S.

S. Guth, N. Donely, and R. Marrocco, “On luminance additivity and related topics,” Vision Res. 9, 537-575 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Helson, H.

H. Helson, D. B. Judd, and M. H. Warren, “Object-color changes from daylight in incandescent filament illumination,” Illum. Eng. (N.Y.) 47, 221-233 (1952).

Hunt, R. W. G.

C. Li, M. R. Luo, B. Rigg, and R. W. G. Hunt, “CMC 2000 chromatic adaptation transform: CMCCAT2000,” Color Res. Appl. 27, 49-58 (2002).

M. R. Luo and R. W. G. Hunt, “Testing colour appearance models using corresponding-colour and magnitude-estimation data sets,” Color Res. Appl. 23, 147-153 (1998).

N. Moroney, M. Fairchild, R. W. G. Hunt, C. Li, M. R. Luo, and T. Newman, “The CIECAM02 color appearance model,” in IS&T/SID Tenth Color Imaging Conference (IS&T, 2003), pp. 23-27.

Ikeda, K.

L. Mori, H. Sobagaki, H. Komatsubara, and K. Ikeda, “Field trials on CIE chromatic adaptation formula,” in Proceedings of the CIE 22nd Session (1991), pp. 55-58.

Judd, D. B.

H. Helson, D. B. Judd, and M. H. Warren, “Object-color changes from daylight in incandescent filament illumination,” Illum. Eng. (N.Y.) 47, 221-233 (1952).

Komatsubara, H.

L. Mori, H. Sobagaki, H. Komatsubara, and K. Ikeda, “Field trials on CIE chromatic adaptation formula,” in Proceedings of the CIE 22nd Session (1991), pp. 55-58.

Krauskopf, J.

A. M. Derrington, J. Krauskopf, and P. Lennie, “Chromatic mechanisms in lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque.” J. Physiol. (London) 357, 241-265 (1984).

Kuo, W. G.

W. G. Kuo, M. R. Luo, and H. E. Bez, “Various chromatic adaptation transforms tested using new colour appearance data in textiles,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 313-327 (1995).

Lam, K.

K. Lam, “Metamerism and colour constancy,” Ph. D. dissertation (University of Bradford, 1985).

Lennie, P.

A. M. Derrington, J. Krauskopf, and P. Lennie, “Chromatic mechanisms in lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque.” J. Physiol. (London) 357, 241-265 (1984).

Li, C.

C. Li, M. R. Luo, B. Rigg, and R. W. G. Hunt, “CMC 2000 chromatic adaptation transform: CMCCAT2000,” Color Res. Appl. 27, 49-58 (2002).

N. Moroney, M. Fairchild, R. W. G. Hunt, C. Li, M. R. Luo, and T. Newman, “The CIECAM02 color appearance model,” in IS&T/SID Tenth Color Imaging Conference (IS&T, 2003), pp. 23-27.

Luo, M. R.

C. Li, M. R. Luo, B. Rigg, and R. W. G. Hunt, “CMC 2000 chromatic adaptation transform: CMCCAT2000,” Color Res. Appl. 27, 49-58 (2002).

M. R. Luo and R. W. G. Hunt, “Testing colour appearance models using corresponding-colour and magnitude-estimation data sets,” Color Res. Appl. 23, 147-153 (1998).

M. R. Luo, “Communications and comments: using the LUTCHI colour appearance data,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 414-417 (1997).

W. G. Kuo, M. R. Luo, and H. E. Bez, “Various chromatic adaptation transforms tested using new colour appearance data in textiles,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 313-327 (1995).

M. R. Luo, A. Clarke, P. Rhodes, A. Schappo, S. Scrivner, and C. Tait, “Quantifying colour appearance. Part I LUTCHI colour appearance data,” Color Res. Appl. 16, 166-180 (1991).

N. Moroney, M. Fairchild, R. W. G. Hunt, C. Li, M. R. Luo, and T. Newman, “The CIECAM02 color appearance model,” in IS&T/SID Tenth Color Imaging Conference (IS&T, 2003), pp. 23-27.

Mahon, L.

R. L. De Valois, K. K. De Valois, E. Switkes, and L. Mahon, “Hue scaling of isoluminant and cone-specific lights,” Vision Res. 37, 885-897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mahon, L. E.

R. L. De Valois, N. P. Cottaris, S. D. Elfar, L. E. Mahon, and J. A. Wilson, “Some transformations of color information from lateral geniculate nucleus to striate cortex,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 4997-5002 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Marrocco, R.

S. Guth, N. Donely, and R. Marrocco, “On luminance additivity and related topics,” Vision Res. 9, 537-575 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Mori, L.

L. Mori, H. Sobagaki, H. Komatsubara, and K. Ikeda, “Field trials on CIE chromatic adaptation formula,” in Proceedings of the CIE 22nd Session (1991), pp. 55-58.

Moroney, N.

N. Moroney, M. Fairchild, R. W. G. Hunt, C. Li, M. R. Luo, and T. Newman, “The CIECAM02 color appearance model,” in IS&T/SID Tenth Color Imaging Conference (IS&T, 2003), pp. 23-27.

Naka, K. I.

K. I. Naka and W. A. H. Rushton, “S-potentials from luminosity units in the retina of fish (Cyprinidae),” J. Physiol. (London) 185, 587-599 (1966).

Newman, T.

N. Moroney, M. Fairchild, R. W. G. Hunt, C. Li, M. R. Luo, and T. Newman, “The CIECAM02 color appearance model,” in IS&T/SID Tenth Color Imaging Conference (IS&T, 2003), pp. 23-27.

Rhodes, P.

M. R. Luo, A. Clarke, P. Rhodes, A. Schappo, S. Scrivner, and C. Tait, “Quantifying colour appearance. Part I LUTCHI colour appearance data,” Color Res. Appl. 16, 166-180 (1991).

Rigg, B.

C. Li, M. R. Luo, B. Rigg, and R. W. G. Hunt, “CMC 2000 chromatic adaptation transform: CMCCAT2000,” Color Res. Appl. 27, 49-58 (2002).

Ruderman, D. L.

Rushton, W. A. H.

K. I. Naka and W. A. H. Rushton, “S-potentials from luminosity units in the retina of fish (Cyprinidae),” J. Physiol. (London) 185, 587-599 (1966).

Schappo, A.

M. R. Luo, A. Clarke, P. Rhodes, A. Schappo, S. Scrivner, and C. Tait, “Quantifying colour appearance. Part I LUTCHI colour appearance data,” Color Res. Appl. 16, 166-180 (1991).

Scrivner, S.

M. R. Luo, A. Clarke, P. Rhodes, A. Schappo, S. Scrivner, and C. Tait, “Quantifying colour appearance. Part I LUTCHI colour appearance data,” Color Res. Appl. 16, 166-180 (1991).

Sobagaki, H.

L. Mori, H. Sobagaki, H. Komatsubara, and K. Ikeda, “Field trials on CIE chromatic adaptation formula,” in Proceedings of the CIE 22nd Session (1991), pp. 55-58.

Switkes, E.

R. L. De Valois, K. K. De Valois, E. Switkes, and L. Mahon, “Hue scaling of isoluminant and cone-specific lights,” Vision Res. 37, 885-897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tait, C.

M. R. Luo, A. Clarke, P. Rhodes, A. Schappo, S. Scrivner, and C. Tait, “Quantifying colour appearance. Part I LUTCHI colour appearance data,” Color Res. Appl. 16, 166-180 (1991).

van Hateren, H.

H. van Hateren, “Encoding of high dynamic range video with a model of human cones,” ACM Trans. Graphics 25, 1380-1399 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. van Hateren, “A cellular and molecular model of response kinetics and adaptation in primate cones and horizontal cells,” J. Vision 5, 331-347 (2005).

von Kries, J.

J. von Kries, “Chromatic Adaptation,” in Sources of Color Vision, D.L.MacAdam, ed., (MIT, 1970), pp. 109-119. Originally published as Festschrift der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg (1902).

Warren, M. H.

H. Helson, D. B. Judd, and M. H. Warren, “Object-color changes from daylight in incandescent filament illumination,” Illum. Eng. (N.Y.) 47, 221-233 (1952).

Wilson, J. A.

R. L. De Valois, N. P. Cottaris, S. D. Elfar, L. E. Mahon, and J. A. Wilson, “Some transformations of color information from lateral geniculate nucleus to striate cortex,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 4997-5002 (2000).
[CrossRef]

ACM Trans. Graphics (1)

H. van Hateren, “Encoding of high dynamic range video with a model of human cones,” ACM Trans. Graphics 25, 1380-1399 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Color Res. Appl. (5)

M. R. Luo and R. W. G. Hunt, “Testing colour appearance models using corresponding-colour and magnitude-estimation data sets,” Color Res. Appl. 23, 147-153 (1998).

M. R. Luo, A. Clarke, P. Rhodes, A. Schappo, S. Scrivner, and C. Tait, “Quantifying colour appearance. Part I LUTCHI colour appearance data,” Color Res. Appl. 16, 166-180 (1991).

M. R. Luo, “Communications and comments: using the LUTCHI colour appearance data,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 414-417 (1997).

C. Li, M. R. Luo, B. Rigg, and R. W. G. Hunt, “CMC 2000 chromatic adaptation transform: CMCCAT2000,” Color Res. Appl. 27, 49-58 (2002).

W. G. Kuo, M. R. Luo, and H. E. Bez, “Various chromatic adaptation transforms tested using new colour appearance data in textiles,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 313-327 (1995).

Illum. Eng. (N.Y.) (1)

H. Helson, D. B. Judd, and M. H. Warren, “Object-color changes from daylight in incandescent filament illumination,” Illum. Eng. (N.Y.) 47, 221-233 (1952).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Physiol. (London) (2)

A. M. Derrington, J. Krauskopf, and P. Lennie, “Chromatic mechanisms in lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque.” J. Physiol. (London) 357, 241-265 (1984).

K. I. Naka and W. A. H. Rushton, “S-potentials from luminosity units in the retina of fish (Cyprinidae),” J. Physiol. (London) 185, 587-599 (1966).

J. Vision (1)

H. van Hateren, “A cellular and molecular model of response kinetics and adaptation in primate cones and horizontal cells,” J. Vision 5, 331-347 (2005).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. L. Ruderman and W. Bialek, “Statistics of natural images: scaling in the woods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 814-817 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

R. L. De Valois, N. P. Cottaris, S. D. Elfar, L. E. Mahon, and J. A. Wilson, “Some transformations of color information from lateral geniculate nucleus to striate cortex,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 4997-5002 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vision Res. (4)

S. Guth, N. Donely, and R. Marrocco, “On luminance additivity and related topics,” Vision Res. 9, 537-575 (1969).
[CrossRef]

R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “A multi-stage color model,” Vision Res. 33, 1053-1065 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. L. De Valois and K. K. De Valois, “On 'a three-stage color model,'” Vision Res. 36, 833-836 (1996).

R. L. De Valois, K. K. De Valois, E. Switkes, and L. Mahon, “Hue scaling of isoluminant and cone-specific lights,” Vision Res. 37, 885-897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

J. E. Dowling, The Retina: An Approachable Part of the Brain (Belknap Press of Harvard U. Press, 1987).

M. D. Fairchild, Color Appearance Models, 2nd ed., IS&T Series in Imaging Science and Technology (Wiley, 2005).

CIE, CIE TC8-01 Technical Report. A Colour Appearance Model for Color Management Systems: CIECAM02, Tech. Rep. (CIE, 2004).

J. von Kries, “Chromatic Adaptation,” in Sources of Color Vision, D.L.MacAdam, ed., (MIT, 1970), pp. 109-119. Originally published as Festschrift der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg (1902).

N. Moroney, M. Fairchild, R. W. G. Hunt, C. Li, M. R. Luo, and T. Newman, “The CIECAM02 color appearance model,” in IS&T/SID Tenth Color Imaging Conference (IS&T, 2003), pp. 23-27.

K. M. Braun and M. D. Fairchild, “Psychophysical generation of matching images for cross-media color reproduction,” in Proceedings of the 4th Color Imaging Conference (1996), pp. 214-220.

K. Lam, “Metamerism and colour constancy,” Ph. D. dissertation (University of Bradford, 1985).

L. Mori, H. Sobagaki, H. Komatsubara, and K. Ikeda, “Field trials on CIE chromatic adaptation formula,” in Proceedings of the CIE 22nd Session (1991), pp. 55-58.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics