Abstract

We present a superalgebraically convergent integral equation algorithm for evaluation of TE and TM electromagnetic scattering by smooth perfectly conducting periodic surfaces z=f(x). For grating-diffraction problems in the resonance regime (heights and periods up to a few wavelengths) the proposed algorithm produces solutions with full double-precision accuracy in single-processor computing times of the order of a few seconds. The algorithm can also produce, in reasonable computing times, highly accurate solutions for very challenging problems, such as (a) a problem of diffraction by a grating for which the peak-to-trough distance equals 40 times its period that, in turn, equals 20 times the wavelength; and (b) a high-frequency problem with very small incidence, up to 0.01° from glancing. The algorithm is based on the concurrent use of Floquet and Chebyshev expansions together with certain integration weights that are computed accurately by means of an asymptotic expansion as the number of integration points tends to infinity.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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