Abstract

A technique was developed to couple near-field evanescent waves into observable diffraction orders in the far-field region. This investigation was of two gratings that have a 1.0μm grating period in glass and 1.1μm in silicon and are individually subwavelength, but when coupled together yield an 11.0μm effective grating period. This effective grating period is not subwavelength to a 1.550μm infrared incident source and exhibits higher diffraction orders. Optimum evanescent wave coupling efficiency was simulated by varying the grating thickness and the grating separation between the subwavelength gratings. This proposed evanescent wave coupling concept is being investigated for use in a bulk silicon MEMS accelerometer.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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