Abstract

A new approach to detecting relative motion is proposed based on measuring the beat frequency. A formula is derived for the beat frequency as a function of the speed of translation. A principal sketch of an experimental setup implementing the new idea is proposed, and the effects of possible small differences in the frequencies and phases of the sources are discussed.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. E. Corey and D. T. Wilkinson, “A measurment of the cosmic microwave background anysotropy at 19 GHz,” Bull. Astron. Astrophys. Soc. 8, 351 (1976).
  2. G. F. Smoot, M. V. Gorenstein, and R. A. Miller, “Detection of anisotropy in the cosmic blackbody radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 898-901 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. C. Maxwell, “Ether,” in Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th ed. (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1875), Vol. A272, pp. 568-572.
  4. S. Tolansky, An Introduction to Interferometry (Wiley, 1955).
  5. O. Lodge, “Aberration problems. a discussion concerning the motion of ether near the earth and concerning the connection between ether and gross matter; with some new experiments,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 184, 727-804 (1893).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. A. Lorentz, “Michelson's interference experiment,” in The Principle of Relativity, H.A.Lorentz, A.Einstein, and H.Minkowski, eds. (Dover, 1952), pp. 3-7.
  7. C. I. Christov, “Discrete out of continuous: dynamics of phase patterns in continua,” in Continuum Models and Discrete Systems--Proceedings of CMDS8, K.Markov, ed. (World Scientific, 1996), pp. 370-394.
  8. C. I. Christov, “Much ado about nil: Reflection from moving mirrors and the interferometry experiments,” Prog. Phys. 3, 55-59 (2006).
  9. C. I. Christov, “On the nonlinear continuum mechanics of space and the notion of luminiferous medium,” Nonl. Anal., 2009. doi: 10.1016/j.na.2009.03.023.
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. S. Jaseda, A. Javan, and C. H. Townes, “Frequency stability of he-ne masers and measurments of length,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 10, 165-167 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. S. Jaseda, A. Javan, J. Murray, and C. H. Townes, “Test of special relativity or of the isotropy of space by use of infrared masers,” Phys. Rev. A 113, 1221-1225 (1964).
  13. A. Brillet and J. Hall, “Improved laser test of the isotropy of space,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 549-552 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

C. I. Christov, “Much ado about nil: Reflection from moving mirrors and the interferometry experiments,” Prog. Phys. 3, 55-59 (2006).

2003 (1)

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

G. F. Smoot, M. V. Gorenstein, and R. A. Miller, “Detection of anisotropy in the cosmic blackbody radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 898-901 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

A. Brillet and J. Hall, “Improved laser test of the isotropy of space,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 549-552 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

B. E. Corey and D. T. Wilkinson, “A measurment of the cosmic microwave background anysotropy at 19 GHz,” Bull. Astron. Astrophys. Soc. 8, 351 (1976).

1964 (1)

T. S. Jaseda, A. Javan, J. Murray, and C. H. Townes, “Test of special relativity or of the isotropy of space by use of infrared masers,” Phys. Rev. A 113, 1221-1225 (1964).

1963 (1)

T. S. Jaseda, A. Javan, and C. H. Townes, “Frequency stability of he-ne masers and measurments of length,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 10, 165-167 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1893 (1)

O. Lodge, “Aberration problems. a discussion concerning the motion of ether near the earth and concerning the connection between ether and gross matter; with some new experiments,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 184, 727-804 (1893).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, C.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, C. L.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brillet, A.

A. Brillet and J. Hall, “Improved laser test of the isotropy of space,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 549-552 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Christov, C. I.

C. I. Christov, “Much ado about nil: Reflection from moving mirrors and the interferometry experiments,” Prog. Phys. 3, 55-59 (2006).

C. I. Christov, “On the nonlinear continuum mechanics of space and the notion of luminiferous medium,” Nonl. Anal., 2009. doi: 10.1016/j.na.2009.03.023.
[CrossRef]

C. I. Christov, “Discrete out of continuous: dynamics of phase patterns in continua,” in Continuum Models and Discrete Systems--Proceedings of CMDS8, K.Markov, ed. (World Scientific, 1996), pp. 370-394.

Corey, B. E.

B. E. Corey and D. T. Wilkinson, “A measurment of the cosmic microwave background anysotropy at 19 GHz,” Bull. Astron. Astrophys. Soc. 8, 351 (1976).

Gorenstein, M. V.

G. F. Smoot, M. V. Gorenstein, and R. A. Miller, “Detection of anisotropy in the cosmic blackbody radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 898-901 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Greason, M. R.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J.

A. Brillet and J. Hall, “Improved laser test of the isotropy of space,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 549-552 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Halpern, M.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hill, R. S.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hinshaw, G.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jarosik, N.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jaseda, T. S.

T. S. Jaseda, A. Javan, J. Murray, and C. H. Townes, “Test of special relativity or of the isotropy of space by use of infrared masers,” Phys. Rev. A 113, 1221-1225 (1964).

T. S. Jaseda, A. Javan, and C. H. Townes, “Frequency stability of he-ne masers and measurments of length,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 10, 165-167 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Javan, A.

T. S. Jaseda, A. Javan, J. Murray, and C. H. Townes, “Test of special relativity or of the isotropy of space by use of infrared masers,” Phys. Rev. A 113, 1221-1225 (1964).

T. S. Jaseda, A. Javan, and C. H. Townes, “Frequency stability of he-ne masers and measurments of length,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 10, 165-167 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Kogut, A.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, E.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Limon, M.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lodge, O.

O. Lodge, “Aberration problems. a discussion concerning the motion of ether near the earth and concerning the connection between ether and gross matter; with some new experiments,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 184, 727-804 (1893).
[CrossRef]

Lorentz, H. A.

H. A. Lorentz, “Michelson's interference experiment,” in The Principle of Relativity, H.A.Lorentz, A.Einstein, and H.Minkowski, eds. (Dover, 1952), pp. 3-7.

Maxwell, J. C.

J. C. Maxwell, “Ether,” in Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th ed. (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1875), Vol. A272, pp. 568-572.

Meyer, S. S.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. A.

G. F. Smoot, M. V. Gorenstein, and R. A. Miller, “Detection of anisotropy in the cosmic blackbody radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 898-901 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Murray, J.

T. S. Jaseda, A. Javan, J. Murray, and C. H. Townes, “Test of special relativity or of the isotropy of space by use of infrared masers,” Phys. Rev. A 113, 1221-1225 (1964).

Nolta, M. R.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Odegard, N.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Page, L.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peiris, H. V.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smoot, G. F.

G. F. Smoot, M. V. Gorenstein, and R. A. Miller, “Detection of anisotropy in the cosmic blackbody radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 898-901 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Spergel, D. N.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tolansky, S.

S. Tolansky, An Introduction to Interferometry (Wiley, 1955).

Townes, C. H.

T. S. Jaseda, A. Javan, J. Murray, and C. H. Townes, “Test of special relativity or of the isotropy of space by use of infrared masers,” Phys. Rev. A 113, 1221-1225 (1964).

T. S. Jaseda, A. Javan, and C. H. Townes, “Frequency stability of he-ne masers and measurments of length,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 10, 165-167 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, G. S.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Verde, L.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weiland, J. L.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, D. T.

B. E. Corey and D. T. Wilkinson, “A measurment of the cosmic microwave background anysotropy at 19 GHz,” Bull. Astron. Astrophys. Soc. 8, 351 (1976).

Wollack, E.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. L.

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J., Suppl. (1)

C. L. Bennett, M. Halpern, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, L. Page, D. N. Spergel, G. S. Tucker, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright, C. Barnes, M. R. Greason, R. S. Hill, E. Komatsu, M. R. Nolta, N. Odegard, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, and J. L.Weiland, “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results,” Astrophys. J., Suppl. 148, 1-27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Astron. Astrophys. Soc. (1)

B. E. Corey and D. T. Wilkinson, “A measurment of the cosmic microwave background anysotropy at 19 GHz,” Bull. Astron. Astrophys. Soc. 8, 351 (1976).

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A (1)

O. Lodge, “Aberration problems. a discussion concerning the motion of ether near the earth and concerning the connection between ether and gross matter; with some new experiments,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 184, 727-804 (1893).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

T. S. Jaseda, A. Javan, J. Murray, and C. H. Townes, “Test of special relativity or of the isotropy of space by use of infrared masers,” Phys. Rev. A 113, 1221-1225 (1964).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

A. Brillet and J. Hall, “Improved laser test of the isotropy of space,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 549-552 (1979).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Jaseda, A. Javan, and C. H. Townes, “Frequency stability of he-ne masers and measurments of length,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 10, 165-167 (1963).
[CrossRef]

G. F. Smoot, M. V. Gorenstein, and R. A. Miller, “Detection of anisotropy in the cosmic blackbody radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 898-901 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Phys. (1)

C. I. Christov, “Much ado about nil: Reflection from moving mirrors and the interferometry experiments,” Prog. Phys. 3, 55-59 (2006).

Other (5)

C. I. Christov, “On the nonlinear continuum mechanics of space and the notion of luminiferous medium,” Nonl. Anal., 2009. doi: 10.1016/j.na.2009.03.023.
[CrossRef]

H. A. Lorentz, “Michelson's interference experiment,” in The Principle of Relativity, H.A.Lorentz, A.Einstein, and H.Minkowski, eds. (Dover, 1952), pp. 3-7.

C. I. Christov, “Discrete out of continuous: dynamics of phase patterns in continua,” in Continuum Models and Discrete Systems--Proceedings of CMDS8, K.Markov, ed. (World Scientific, 1996), pp. 370-394.

J. C. Maxwell, “Ether,” in Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th ed. (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1875), Vol. A272, pp. 568-572.

S. Tolansky, An Introduction to Interferometry (Wiley, 1955).

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup involving two lasers/masers.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f ( x , t ) = cos [ ω ( x c t ) ( 1 u c ) ] + cos [ ω ( t + x c ) ( 1 + u c ) + θ ] = 2 cos [ ( ω ̂ t + ω ̃ x c ) + 1 2 θ ] cos [ ( ω ̃ t + ω ̂ x c ) 1 2 θ ] ,
ω ̃ = ω ( 1 u 2 c 2 ) 1 , ω ̂ = u c ω ̃ .
f ( ξ , t ) = 2 cos [ ω ̃ ( 1 u 2 c 2 ) t ω ̂ ξ c ] cos ( ω ̂ ξ c ) ,
Φ ( x , t ) = 0 T 0 d Φ d x d t .
K ( z ) = f ( ξ + z , t ) f ( ξ , t ) = B cos ( u z c ) ,
u = 2 π c 2 2 L ω + O ( ε 2 ) c λ 2 L .

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