Abstract

One of the primary challenges in all small satellite design is the attainment of adequate sensing and communication capabilities within the stringent spatial limitations. These can be defined in terms of surface area expenditure for the different payloads. There is an inevitable trade-off between enhancing the sensing capacity at the expense of reducing communication capabilities on the one hand and, on the other hand, increasing the communication capacity to the detriment of the sensing ability. Careful balancing of the conflicting demands is necessary to achieve acceptable performance levels. In this paper we study two intersatellite optical wireless communication scenarios: (i) a direct link between two satellites and (ii) a folded path link between a master satellite and a picosatellite equipped with a modulatable retroreflector. In the latter case the picosatellite does not have a laser transmitter and the data carrier is the retroreflected beam from the master satellite. The data rate, which is bounded by the sensing payload resolution, is derived using diffraction theory and Shannon capacity considerations. We develop a mathematical model to describe the interrelations between sensing and communication facilities in a picosatellite flight formation using optical technologies and demonstrate system performance trade-offs with a numerical example.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (4)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (24)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription