This paper presents a new formulation of the 3D Kirchhoff approximation that allows calculation of the scattering of vector waves from 2D rough surfaces containing structures with infinite slopes. This type of surface has applications, for example, in remote sensing and in testing or imaging of printed circuits. Some preliminary calculations for rectangular-shaped grooves in a plane are presented for the 2D surface method and are compared with the equivalent 1D surface calculations for the Kirchhoff and integral equation methods. Good agreement is found between the methods.
© 2008 Optical Society of America
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