Abstract

Imaging concealed objects with millimeter-wave coherent radiation is accompanied by speckle. Like all interference phenomena, speckle depends on three light parameters of the millimeter-wave laser beam—phase, wavelength, and angle of incidence—and can be reduced by the diversity of these three parameters. Diversity tools to improve images of concealed objects have been compared. We report measurements, simulations, and image reconstruction results over the whole W-band (75110GHz) and demonstrate where each tool works the best. Multiphase diversity is successful in reducing speckle contrast: multiangle to improve the image quality, and multispectral to recognize a small object’s features. A simple postprocessing eliminates the areas still covered by interference.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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