## Abstract

In this paper we present a new algorithm for restoring an object from multiple undersampled low-resolution (LR) images that are degraded by optical blur and additive white Gaussian noise. We formulate the multiframe superresolution problem as maximum *a posteriori* estimation. The prior knowledge that the object is sparse in some domain is incorporated in two ways: first we use the popular ${\ell}_{1}$ norm as the regularization operator. Second, we model wavelet coefficients of natural objects using generalized Gaussian densities. The model parameters are learned from a set of training objects, and the regularization operator is derived from these parameters. We compare the results from our algorithms with an expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm for ${\ell}_{1}$ norm minimization and also with the linear minimum-mean-squared error (LMMSE) estimator. Using only eight $4\times 4$ pixel downsampled LR images the reconstruction errors of object estimates obtained from our algorithm are 5.5% smaller than by the EM method and 14.3% smaller than by the LMMSE method.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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