Abstract

Imaging interferometric microscopy (IIM) is a synthetic aperture imaging approach providing resolution to the transmission medium (refractive index n) linear systems limit extending to λ4n using only low-numerical-aperture (low-NA) optics. IIM uses off-axis illumination to access high spatial frequencies along with interferometric reintroduction of a zero-order reference beam on the low-NA side of the optical system. For a thin object normal to the optical axis, the frequency space limit is [(1+NA)nλ], while tilting the object plane allows collection of diffraction information up to the material transmission bandpass-limited spatial frequency of 2nλ. Tilting transforms the spatial frequencies; the algorithm to reset to the correct image frequencies is described. IIM involves combining multiple subimages; the image reconstruction procedures are discussed. A mean-square-error metric is introduced. For binary objects, sigmoidal filtering of the image provides significant resolution improvement.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (18)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (10)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription