Abstract

Modal methods often used to model lamellar gratings that include infinitely or highly conducting metallic parts encounter numerical instabilities in some situations. In this paper, the origin of these numerical instabilities is determined, and then a stable algorithm solving this problem is proposed. In order to complete this analysis, the different geometries that can be handled without numerical instabilities are clearly defined. Numerical tests of the exact modal method implemented with the proposed solution are also presented. A test of convergence shows the efficiency of the method while the comparison with the fictitious sources method shows its accuracy.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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