Abstract

The interface shape of two immiscible liquids in a conical chamber is discussed. The analytical solution of the differential equation describing the interface shape shows that the interface shape is completely spherical when the density difference of two liquids is zero. On the basis of the spherical-interface shape and an energy-minimization method, explicit calculations and detailed analyses of an extended Young-type equation for the conical double-liquid lens are given. Finally, a novel design of a zoom lens system without motorized movements is proposed. The lens system consists of a fixed lens and two conical double-liquid variable-focus lenses. The structure and principle of the lens system are introduced in this paper. Taking finite objects as example, detailed calculations and simulation examples are presented to predict how two liquid lenses are related to meet the basic requirements of zoom lenses.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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