Abstract

Anisoplanatism limits the correction field of adaptive optics (AO). In the case of Shack–Hartmann measurement performed on extended sources it may also strongly affect wavefront estimation accuracy. An analytical formalism has been previously proposed to quantify anisoplanatism slope measurement error. It is exploited here to derive the most relevant quantity in AO, the wavefront error. Analytical and end-to-end simulation results are compared in three cases: solar observation, weakly perturbed near-to-ground observation, and strongly perturbed near-to-ground observation. In every case, anisoplanatism wavefront error takes significant values. The accuracy of the analytical model is investigated in detail. Three contributions to the slope error previously identified are considered: phase anisoplanatism, scintillation anisoplanatism, and coupling between scintillation and phase anisoplanatism. The influence of both scintillation and coupling contributions to the wavefront error is confirmed here.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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