We present a theoretical analysis of what we believe to be a new color constancy method that inputs two chromaticities of an identical surface taken under two blackbody illuminations. By using the Planck formula for modeling spectra of outdoor illumination and by assuming that a narrowband camera sensitivity function is sufficiently narrow, surface colors can be estimated mathematically. Experiments with simulation and real data have been conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the method. The results showed that although this method is a perfect vehicle for simulation data, it produces significant errors with real data. A thorough investigation of the cause of errors indicates how important the assumptions on both blackbody illuminations and narrowband camera sensitivities are to the method. Finally, we discuss the robustness of our method and the limitation of solving color constancy using the illumination constraint.
© 2007 Optical Society of America
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