3D deconvolution is an established technique in microscopy that may be useful for low-cost high-resolution imaging of the retina. We report on a myopic 3D deconvolution method developed in a Bayesian framework. This method uses a 3D imaging model, a noise model that accounts for both photon and detector noises, a regularization term that is appropriate for objects that are a mix of sharp edges and smooth areas, a positivity constraint, and a smart parameterization of the point-spread function (PSF) by the pupil phase. It estimates the object and the PSF jointly. The PSF parameterization through the pupil phase constrains the inversion by dramatically reducing the number of unknowns. The joint deconvolution is further constrained by an additional longitudinal support constraint derived from a 3D interpretation of the phase-diversity technique. This method is validated by simulated retinal images.
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