Abstract

When a fast moving transparent sample (with a speed close to c) is probed with a laser pulse, some artifacts can occur from data analysis. These artifacts are connected to the transit time of the probe through the sample and can mask the presence of a steep gradient of refractive index in the sample. We study this problem in the case of interferometry. In fact, the problem can affect the femtosecond interferometry of the media under ultrafast ionization by a propagating laser pulse. Two algorithms are introduced: the first based on the phase difference and the second based on visibility. Both algorithms allow for the reconstruction, under suitable assumptions, of an approximated refractive index profile from the distorted fringes.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  22. P. Tomassini and A. Giulietti, "A generalization of Abel inversion to non-axisymmetric density distribution," Opt. Commun. 199, 143-148 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. Giulietti, P. Tomassini, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, and L. Labate, "Prepulse effect on intense femtosecond laser pulse propagation in gas," Phys. Plasmas 13, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. R. Geddes, C. Toth, J. V. Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, "High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding," Nature 431, 538-541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, "A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams," Nature 431, 541-544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

J. Faure, V. Malka, J. Marquès, P.-G. David, F. Amiranoff, K. T. Phuoc, and A. Rousse, "Effects of pulse duration on self-focusing of ultra-short lasers in underdense plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 756-759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Tomassini, M. Borghesi, V. Malka, S. Fritzler, M. Pittman, and K. Taphouc, "Production of ultra-collimated bunches of multi-MeV electrons by 35-fs laser pulses propagating in exploding-foil plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 3655-3658 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

P. Tomassini, A. Giuletti, L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, M. Borghesi, and O. Willi, "Analyzing laser plasma interferograms with a continuous wavelet transform ridge extraction technique: the method," Appl. Opt. 40, 6561-6568 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Yudin and M. Y. Ivanov, "Nonadiabatic tunnel ionization: looking inside a laser cycle," Phys. Rev. A 64, 013409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Tomassini and A. Giulietti, "A generalization of Abel inversion to non-axisymmetric density distribution," Opt. Commun. 199, 143-148 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, "Time-evolution and guiding regimes of the laser-produced plasma waveguide," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2192-2197 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

W. P. Leemans, P. Volfbeyn, K. Z. Guo, S. Chattopadhyay, C. B. Schroeder, B. A. Shadwick, P. B. Lee, J. S. Wurtele, and E. Esarey, "Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered particle injection," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1615-1623 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Borghesi, A. J. MacKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter Vehn, "Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879-882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Borghesi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, A. Macchi, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies: progress in time-resolved density mapping," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6769-6773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Louis-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, "Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953-2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, T. Afshar-Rad, V. Biancalana, P. Chessa, C. Danson, E. Schifano, S. M. Viana, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies," Phys. Rev. E 49, 5628-5643 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, "Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626-1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1979 (1)

R. Benattar, C. Popovics, and R. Sigel, "Polarized light interferometer for laser fusion studies," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50, 1583-1586 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Afshar-Rad, T.

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, T. Afshar-Rad, V. Biancalana, P. Chessa, C. Danson, E. Schifano, S. M. Viana, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies," Phys. Rev. E 49, 5628-5643 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Amiranoff, F.

J. Faure, V. Malka, J. Marquès, P.-G. David, F. Amiranoff, K. T. Phuoc, and A. Rousse, "Effects of pulse duration on self-focusing of ultra-short lasers in underdense plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 756-759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Auguste, T.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Louis-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, "Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953-2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Azechi, H.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barringer, L.

M. Borghesi, A. J. MacKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter Vehn, "Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879-882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Benattar, R.

R. Benattar, C. Popovics, and R. Sigel, "Polarized light interferometer for laser fusion studies," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50, 1583-1586 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biancalana, V.

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, T. Afshar-Rad, V. Biancalana, P. Chessa, C. Danson, E. Schifano, S. M. Viana, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies," Phys. Rev. E 49, 5628-5643 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Borghesi, M.

D. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Tomassini, M. Borghesi, V. Malka, S. Fritzler, M. Pittman, and K. Taphouc, "Production of ultra-collimated bunches of multi-MeV electrons by 35-fs laser pulses propagating in exploding-foil plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 3655-3658 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Tomassini, A. Giuletti, L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, M. Borghesi, and O. Willi, "Analyzing laser plasma interferograms with a continuous wavelet transform ridge extraction technique: the method," Appl. Opt. 40, 6561-6568 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Borghesi, A. J. MacKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter Vehn, "Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879-882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Borghesi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, A. Macchi, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies: progress in time-resolved density mapping," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6769-6773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bruhwiler, D.

C. G. R. Geddes, C. Toth, J. V. Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, "High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding," Nature 431, 538-541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burgy, F.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, "A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams," Nature 431, 541-544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campbell, E. M.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, "Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626-1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cary, J.

C. G. R. Geddes, C. Toth, J. V. Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, "High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding," Nature 431, 538-541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ceccotti, T.

A. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, T. Ceccotti, P. De Oliveira, P. Martin, and P. Monot, "Laser wakefield acceleration of self-injected electrons in a plasma of suitable density profile," in LASERLAB-Europe User Meeting (CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, UK 2005).

L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, P. Martin, T. Ceccotti, P. D. Oliveira, and P. Monot, "Measurement of ultrafast ionisation from intense laser interactions with gas-jets," in Superstrong Fields in Plasmas: Third International Conference on Superstrong Fields in Plasmas, AIP Conf. Proc. 827, 3-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chattopadhyay, S.

W. P. Leemans, P. Volfbeyn, K. Z. Guo, S. Chattopadhyay, C. B. Schroeder, B. A. Shadwick, P. B. Lee, J. S. Wurtele, and E. Esarey, "Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered particle injection," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1615-1623 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chessa, P.

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, T. Afshar-Rad, V. Biancalana, P. Chessa, C. Danson, E. Schifano, S. M. Viana, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies," Phys. Rev. E 49, 5628-5643 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Clark, T. R.

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, "Time-evolution and guiding regimes of the laser-produced plasma waveguide," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2192-2197 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Collier, J. L.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dangor, A. E.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Danson, C.

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, T. Afshar-Rad, V. Biancalana, P. Chessa, C. Danson, E. Schifano, S. M. Viana, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies," Phys. Rev. E 49, 5628-5643 (1994).
[CrossRef]

David, P.-G.

J. Faure, V. Malka, J. Marquès, P.-G. David, F. Amiranoff, K. T. Phuoc, and A. Rousse, "Effects of pulse duration on self-focusing of ultra-short lasers in underdense plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 756-759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

De Oliveira, P.

A. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, T. Ceccotti, P. De Oliveira, P. Martin, and P. Monot, "Laser wakefield acceleration of self-injected electrons in a plasma of suitable density profile," in LASERLAB-Europe User Meeting (CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, UK 2005).

Divall, E. J.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dulieu, A.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Louis-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, "Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953-2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esarey, E.

C. G. R. Geddes, C. Toth, J. V. Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, "High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding," Nature 431, 538-541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. P. Leemans, P. Volfbeyn, K. Z. Guo, S. Chattopadhyay, C. B. Schroeder, B. A. Shadwick, P. B. Lee, J. S. Wurtele, and E. Esarey, "Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered particle injection," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1615-1623 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Faure, J.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, "A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams," Nature 431, 541-544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faure, V. Malka, J. Marquès, P.-G. David, F. Amiranoff, K. T. Phuoc, and A. Rousse, "Effects of pulse duration on self-focusing of ultra-short lasers in underdense plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 756-759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Foster, P. S.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fritzler, S.

D. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Tomassini, M. Borghesi, V. Malka, S. Fritzler, M. Pittman, and K. Taphouc, "Production of ultra-collimated bunches of multi-MeV electrons by 35-fs laser pulses propagating in exploding-foil plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 3655-3658 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fujioka, S.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujita, H.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaillard, R.

M. Borghesi, A. J. MacKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter Vehn, "Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879-882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Galimberti, M.

A. Giulietti, P. Tomassini, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, and L. Labate, "Prepulse effect on intense femtosecond laser pulse propagation in gas," Phys. Plasmas 13, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Tomassini, M. Borghesi, V. Malka, S. Fritzler, M. Pittman, and K. Taphouc, "Production of ultra-collimated bunches of multi-MeV electrons by 35-fs laser pulses propagating in exploding-foil plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 3655-3658 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Tomassini, A. Giuletti, L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, M. Borghesi, and O. Willi, "Analyzing laser plasma interferograms with a continuous wavelet transform ridge extraction technique: the method," Appl. Opt. 40, 6561-6568 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, T. Ceccotti, P. De Oliveira, P. Martin, and P. Monot, "Laser wakefield acceleration of self-injected electrons in a plasma of suitable density profile," in LASERLAB-Europe User Meeting (CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, UK 2005).

M. Galimberti, Influenza del Tempo di Transito in Interferometria ai Femtosecondi 2: Calcolo della Visibilità delle Frange. Internal Report 1/102005 (IPCF-CNR, 2005), http://ilil.ipcf.cnr.it.

L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, P. Martin, T. Ceccotti, P. D. Oliveira, and P. Monot, "Measurement of ultrafast ionisation from intense laser interactions with gas-jets," in Superstrong Fields in Plasmas: Third International Conference on Superstrong Fields in Plasmas, AIP Conf. Proc. 827, 3-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gallacher, J. G.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geddes, C. G. R.

C. G. R. Geddes, C. Toth, J. V. Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, "High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding," Nature 431, 538-541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibbon, P.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Louis-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, "Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953-2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giuletti, A.

Giulietti, A.

A. Giulietti, P. Tomassini, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, and L. Labate, "Prepulse effect on intense femtosecond laser pulse propagation in gas," Phys. Plasmas 13, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Tomassini, M. Borghesi, V. Malka, S. Fritzler, M. Pittman, and K. Taphouc, "Production of ultra-collimated bunches of multi-MeV electrons by 35-fs laser pulses propagating in exploding-foil plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 3655-3658 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Tomassini and A. Giulietti, "A generalization of Abel inversion to non-axisymmetric density distribution," Opt. Commun. 199, 143-148 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Borghesi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, A. Macchi, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies: progress in time-resolved density mapping," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6769-6773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, T. Afshar-Rad, V. Biancalana, P. Chessa, C. Danson, E. Schifano, S. M. Viana, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies," Phys. Rev. E 49, 5628-5643 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, T. Ceccotti, P. De Oliveira, P. Martin, and P. Monot, "Laser wakefield acceleration of self-injected electrons in a plasma of suitable density profile," in LASERLAB-Europe User Meeting (CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, UK 2005).

L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, P. Martin, T. Ceccotti, P. D. Oliveira, and P. Monot, "Measurement of ultrafast ionisation from intense laser interactions with gas-jets," in Superstrong Fields in Plasmas: Third International Conference on Superstrong Fields in Plasmas, AIP Conf. Proc. 827, 3-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Giulietti, D.

A. Giulietti, P. Tomassini, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, and L. Labate, "Prepulse effect on intense femtosecond laser pulse propagation in gas," Phys. Plasmas 13, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Tomassini, M. Borghesi, V. Malka, S. Fritzler, M. Pittman, and K. Taphouc, "Production of ultra-collimated bunches of multi-MeV electrons by 35-fs laser pulses propagating in exploding-foil plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 3655-3658 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Tomassini, A. Giuletti, L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, M. Borghesi, and O. Willi, "Analyzing laser plasma interferograms with a continuous wavelet transform ridge extraction technique: the method," Appl. Opt. 40, 6561-6568 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Borghesi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, A. Macchi, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies: progress in time-resolved density mapping," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6769-6773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, T. Afshar-Rad, V. Biancalana, P. Chessa, C. Danson, E. Schifano, S. M. Viana, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies," Phys. Rev. E 49, 5628-5643 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, T. Ceccotti, P. De Oliveira, P. Martin, and P. Monot, "Laser wakefield acceleration of self-injected electrons in a plasma of suitable density profile," in LASERLAB-Europe User Meeting (CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, UK 2005).

L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, P. Martin, T. Ceccotti, P. D. Oliveira, and P. Monot, "Measurement of ultrafast ionisation from intense laser interactions with gas-jets," in Superstrong Fields in Plasmas: Third International Conference on Superstrong Fields in Plasmas, AIP Conf. Proc. 827, 3-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gizzi, L. A.

A. Giulietti, P. Tomassini, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, and L. Labate, "Prepulse effect on intense femtosecond laser pulse propagation in gas," Phys. Plasmas 13, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Tomassini, M. Borghesi, V. Malka, S. Fritzler, M. Pittman, and K. Taphouc, "Production of ultra-collimated bunches of multi-MeV electrons by 35-fs laser pulses propagating in exploding-foil plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 3655-3658 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Tomassini, A. Giuletti, L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, M. Borghesi, and O. Willi, "Analyzing laser plasma interferograms with a continuous wavelet transform ridge extraction technique: the method," Appl. Opt. 40, 6561-6568 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Borghesi, A. J. MacKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter Vehn, "Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879-882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Borghesi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, A. Macchi, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies: progress in time-resolved density mapping," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6769-6773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, T. Afshar-Rad, V. Biancalana, P. Chessa, C. Danson, E. Schifano, S. M. Viana, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies," Phys. Rev. E 49, 5628-5643 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, T. Ceccotti, P. De Oliveira, P. Martin, and P. Monot, "Laser wakefield acceleration of self-injected electrons in a plasma of suitable density profile," in LASERLAB-Europe User Meeting (CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, UK 2005).

L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, P. Martin, T. Ceccotti, P. D. Oliveira, and P. Monot, "Measurement of ultrafast ionisation from intense laser interactions with gas-jets," in Superstrong Fields in Plasmas: Third International Conference on Superstrong Fields in Plasmas, AIP Conf. Proc. 827, 3-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Glinec, Y.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, "A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams," Nature 431, 541-544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glinsky, M. E.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, "Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626-1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gordienko, S.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, "A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams," Nature 431, 541-544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, K. Z.

W. P. Leemans, P. Volfbeyn, K. Z. Guo, S. Chattopadhyay, C. B. Schroeder, B. A. Shadwick, P. B. Lee, J. S. Wurtele, and E. Esarey, "Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered particle injection," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1615-1623 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Habara, H.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, T.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hammer, J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, "Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626-1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, C. J.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ina, H.

Ivanov, M. Y.

G. L. Yudin and M. Y. Ivanov, "Nonadiabatic tunnel ionization: looking inside a laser cycle," Phys. Rev. A 64, 013409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Izawa, Y.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jakober, F.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Louis-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, "Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953-2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaroszynski, D. A.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jitsuno, T.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kiselev, S.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, "A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams," Nature 431, 541-544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitagawa, Y.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kodama, R.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Köster, P.

A. Giulietti, P. Tomassini, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, and L. Labate, "Prepulse effect on intense femtosecond laser pulse propagation in gas," Phys. Plasmas 13, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, P. Martin, T. Ceccotti, P. D. Oliveira, and P. Monot, "Measurement of ultrafast ionisation from intense laser interactions with gas-jets," in Superstrong Fields in Plasmas: Third International Conference on Superstrong Fields in Plasmas, AIP Conf. Proc. 827, 3-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, T. Ceccotti, P. De Oliveira, P. Martin, and P. Monot, "Laser wakefield acceleration of self-injected electrons in a plasma of suitable density profile," in LASERLAB-Europe User Meeting (CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, UK 2005).

Kruer, W. L.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, "Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626-1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Krushelnick, K.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krushelnick, K. M.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Labate, L.

A. Giulietti, P. Tomassini, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, and L. Labate, "Prepulse effect on intense femtosecond laser pulse propagation in gas," Phys. Plasmas 13, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, P. Martin, T. Ceccotti, P. D. Oliveira, and P. Monot, "Measurement of ultrafast ionisation from intense laser interactions with gas-jets," in Superstrong Fields in Plasmas: Third International Conference on Superstrong Fields in Plasmas, AIP Conf. Proc. 827, 3-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, T. Ceccotti, P. De Oliveira, P. Martin, and P. Monot, "Laser wakefield acceleration of self-injected electrons in a plasma of suitable density profile," in LASERLAB-Europe User Meeting (CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, UK 2005).

Lancaster, K. L.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langley, A. J.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, P. B.

W. P. Leemans, P. Volfbeyn, K. Z. Guo, S. Chattopadhyay, C. B. Schroeder, B. A. Shadwick, P. B. Lee, J. S. Wurtele, and E. Esarey, "Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered particle injection," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1615-1623 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Leemans, W. P.

C. G. R. Geddes, C. Toth, J. V. Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, "High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding," Nature 431, 538-541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. P. Leemans, P. Volfbeyn, K. Z. Guo, S. Chattopadhyay, C. B. Schroeder, B. A. Shadwick, P. B. Lee, J. S. Wurtele, and E. Esarey, "Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered particle injection," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1615-1623 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lefebvre, E.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, "A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams," Nature 431, 541-544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Louis-Jacquet, M.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Louis-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, "Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953-2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macchi, A.

M. Borghesi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, A. Macchi, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies: progress in time-resolved density mapping," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6769-6773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

MacKinnon, A. J.

M. Borghesi, A. J. MacKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter Vehn, "Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879-882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mainfray, G.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Louis-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, "Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953-2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malka, G.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Louis-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, "Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953-2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malka, V.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, "A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams," Nature 431, 541-544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faure, V. Malka, J. Marquès, P.-G. David, F. Amiranoff, K. T. Phuoc, and A. Rousse, "Effects of pulse duration on self-focusing of ultra-short lasers in underdense plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 756-759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Tomassini, M. Borghesi, V. Malka, S. Fritzler, M. Pittman, and K. Taphouc, "Production of ultra-collimated bunches of multi-MeV electrons by 35-fs laser pulses propagating in exploding-foil plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 3655-3658 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mangles, S. P. D.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marquès, J.

J. Faure, V. Malka, J. Marquès, P.-G. David, F. Amiranoff, K. T. Phuoc, and A. Rousse, "Effects of pulse duration on self-focusing of ultra-short lasers in underdense plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 756-759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martin, P.

A. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, T. Ceccotti, P. De Oliveira, P. Martin, and P. Monot, "Laser wakefield acceleration of self-injected electrons in a plasma of suitable density profile," in LASERLAB-Europe User Meeting (CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, UK 2005).

L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, P. Martin, T. Ceccotti, P. D. Oliveira, and P. Monot, "Measurement of ultrafast ionisation from intense laser interactions with gas-jets," in Superstrong Fields in Plasmas: Third International Conference on Superstrong Fields in Plasmas, AIP Conf. Proc. 827, 3-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mason, R. J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, "Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626-1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, C.

M. Borghesi, A. J. MacKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter Vehn, "Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879-882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meyer-ter Vehn, J.

M. Borghesi, A. J. MacKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter Vehn, "Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879-882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Milchberg, H. M.

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, "Time-evolution and guiding regimes of the laser-produced plasma waveguide," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2192-2197 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mima, K.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miquel, J. L.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Louis-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, "Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953-2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monot, P.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Louis-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, "Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953-2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, P. Martin, T. Ceccotti, P. D. Oliveira, and P. Monot, "Measurement of ultrafast ionisation from intense laser interactions with gas-jets," in Superstrong Fields in Plasmas: Third International Conference on Superstrong Fields in Plasmas, AIP Conf. Proc. 827, 3-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, T. Ceccotti, P. De Oliveira, P. Martin, and P. Monot, "Laser wakefield acceleration of self-injected electrons in a plasma of suitable density profile," in LASERLAB-Europe User Meeting (CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, UK 2005).

Mori, W. B.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murphy, C. D.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagai, K.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Najmudin, Z.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakai, M.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nieter, C.

C. G. R. Geddes, C. Toth, J. V. Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, "High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding," Nature 431, 538-541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishimura, H.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norimatsu, T.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norreys, P. A.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oliveira, P. D.

L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, P. Martin, T. Ceccotti, P. D. Oliveira, and P. Monot, "Measurement of ultrafast ionisation from intense laser interactions with gas-jets," in Superstrong Fields in Plasmas: Third International Conference on Superstrong Fields in Plasmas, AIP Conf. Proc. 827, 3-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, "Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626-1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phuoc, K. T.

J. Faure, V. Malka, J. Marquès, P.-G. David, F. Amiranoff, K. T. Phuoc, and A. Rousse, "Effects of pulse duration on self-focusing of ultra-short lasers in underdense plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 756-759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, M.

D. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Tomassini, M. Borghesi, V. Malka, S. Fritzler, M. Pittman, and K. Taphouc, "Production of ultra-collimated bunches of multi-MeV electrons by 35-fs laser pulses propagating in exploding-foil plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 3655-3658 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Popovics, C.

R. Benattar, C. Popovics, and R. Sigel, "Polarized light interferometer for laser fusion studies," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50, 1583-1586 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pukhov, A.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, "A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams," Nature 431, 541-544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Borghesi, A. J. MacKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter Vehn, "Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879-882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rousse, A.

J. Faure, V. Malka, J. Marquès, P.-G. David, F. Amiranoff, K. T. Phuoc, and A. Rousse, "Effects of pulse duration on self-focusing of ultra-short lasers in underdense plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 756-759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rousseau, J.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, "A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams," Nature 431, 541-544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakabe, S.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schifano, E.

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, T. Afshar-Rad, V. Biancalana, P. Chessa, C. Danson, E. Schifano, S. M. Viana, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies," Phys. Rev. E 49, 5628-5643 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, C. B.

C. G. R. Geddes, C. Toth, J. V. Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, "High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding," Nature 431, 538-541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. P. Leemans, P. Volfbeyn, K. Z. Guo, S. Chattopadhyay, C. B. Schroeder, B. A. Shadwick, P. B. Lee, J. S. Wurtele, and E. Esarey, "Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered particle injection," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1615-1623 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shadwick, B. A.

W. P. Leemans, P. Volfbeyn, K. Z. Guo, S. Chattopadhyay, C. B. Schroeder, B. A. Shadwick, P. B. Lee, J. S. Wurtele, and E. Esarey, "Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered particle injection," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1615-1623 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shigemori, K.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shiraga, H.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sigel, R.

R. Benattar, C. Popovics, and R. Sigel, "Polarized light interferometer for laser fusion studies," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50, 1583-1586 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tabak, M.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, "Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626-1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, S. K. M.

Tanaka, K. A.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taphouc, K.

D. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Tomassini, M. Borghesi, V. Malka, S. Fritzler, M. Pittman, and K. Taphouc, "Production of ultra-collimated bunches of multi-MeV electrons by 35-fs laser pulses propagating in exploding-foil plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 3655-3658 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, A. G. R.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tilborg, J. V.

C. G. R. Geddes, C. Toth, J. V. Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, "High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding," Nature 431, 538-541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomassini, P.

A. Giulietti, P. Tomassini, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, and L. Labate, "Prepulse effect on intense femtosecond laser pulse propagation in gas," Phys. Plasmas 13, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Tomassini, M. Borghesi, V. Malka, S. Fritzler, M. Pittman, and K. Taphouc, "Production of ultra-collimated bunches of multi-MeV electrons by 35-fs laser pulses propagating in exploding-foil plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 3655-3658 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Tomassini and A. Giulietti, "A generalization of Abel inversion to non-axisymmetric density distribution," Opt. Commun. 199, 143-148 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Tomassini, A. Giuletti, L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, M. Borghesi, and O. Willi, "Analyzing laser plasma interferograms with a continuous wavelet transform ridge extraction technique: the method," Appl. Opt. 40, 6561-6568 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, T. Ceccotti, P. De Oliveira, P. Martin, and P. Monot, "Laser wakefield acceleration of self-injected electrons in a plasma of suitable density profile," in LASERLAB-Europe User Meeting (CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, UK 2005).

L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, P. Martin, T. Ceccotti, P. D. Oliveira, and P. Monot, "Measurement of ultrafast ionisation from intense laser interactions with gas-jets," in Superstrong Fields in Plasmas: Third International Conference on Superstrong Fields in Plasmas, AIP Conf. Proc. 827, 3-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Toth, C.

C. G. R. Geddes, C. Toth, J. V. Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, "High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding," Nature 431, 538-541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toyama, Y.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsung, F. S.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Viana, S. M.

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, T. Afshar-Rad, V. Biancalana, P. Chessa, C. Danson, E. Schifano, S. M. Viana, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies," Phys. Rev. E 49, 5628-5643 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Viskup, R.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volfbeyn, P.

W. P. Leemans, P. Volfbeyn, K. Z. Guo, S. Chattopadhyay, C. B. Schroeder, B. A. Shadwick, P. B. Lee, J. S. Wurtele, and E. Esarey, "Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered particle injection," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1615-1623 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Walton, B. R.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilks, S. C.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, "Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626-1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Willi, O.

P. Tomassini, A. Giuletti, L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, M. Borghesi, and O. Willi, "Analyzing laser plasma interferograms with a continuous wavelet transform ridge extraction technique: the method," Appl. Opt. 40, 6561-6568 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Borghesi, A. J. MacKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter Vehn, "Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879-882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Borghesi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, A. Macchi, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies: progress in time-resolved density mapping," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6769-6773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, T. Afshar-Rad, V. Biancalana, P. Chessa, C. Danson, E. Schifano, S. M. Viana, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies," Phys. Rev. E 49, 5628-5643 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Woodworth, J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, "Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626-1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wurtele, J. S.

W. P. Leemans, P. Volfbeyn, K. Z. Guo, S. Chattopadhyay, C. B. Schroeder, B. A. Shadwick, P. B. Lee, J. S. Wurtele, and E. Esarey, "Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered particle injection," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1615-1623 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, T.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Youssef, A.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yudin, G. L.

G. L. Yudin and M. Y. Ivanov, "Nonadiabatic tunnel ionization: looking inside a laser cycle," Phys. Rev. A 64, 013409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zepf, M.

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nature (4)

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions," Nature 431, 535-538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. R. Geddes, C. Toth, J. V. Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, "High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding," Nature 431, 538-541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, "A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams," Nature 431, 541-544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kodama, H. Shiraga, K. Shigemori, Y. Toyama, S. Fujioka, H. Azechi, H. Fujita, H. Habara, T. Hall, Y. Izawa, T. Jitsuno, Y. Kitagawa, K. M. Krushelnick, K. L. Lancaster, K. Mima, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, P. A. Norreys, S. Sakabe, K. A. Tanaka, A. Youssef, M. Zepf, and T. Yamanaka, "Nuclear fusion: fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition," Nature 418, 933-934 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Tomassini and A. Giulietti, "A generalization of Abel inversion to non-axisymmetric density distribution," Opt. Commun. 199, 143-148 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Plasmas (6)

J. Faure, V. Malka, J. Marquès, P.-G. David, F. Amiranoff, K. T. Phuoc, and A. Rousse, "Effects of pulse duration on self-focusing of ultra-short lasers in underdense plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 756-759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Giulietti, P. Tomassini, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, and L. Labate, "Prepulse effect on intense femtosecond laser pulse propagation in gas," Phys. Plasmas 13, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Tomassini, M. Borghesi, V. Malka, S. Fritzler, M. Pittman, and K. Taphouc, "Production of ultra-collimated bunches of multi-MeV electrons by 35-fs laser pulses propagating in exploding-foil plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 9, 3655-3658 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, "Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626-1634 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Leemans, P. Volfbeyn, K. Z. Guo, S. Chattopadhyay, C. B. Schroeder, B. A. Shadwick, P. B. Lee, J. S. Wurtele, and E. Esarey, "Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered particle injection," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1615-1623 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, "Time-evolution and guiding regimes of the laser-produced plasma waveguide," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2192-2197 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. L. Yudin and M. Y. Ivanov, "Nonadiabatic tunnel ionization: looking inside a laser cycle," Phys. Rev. A 64, 013409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, T. Afshar-Rad, V. Biancalana, P. Chessa, C. Danson, E. Schifano, S. M. Viana, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies," Phys. Rev. E 49, 5628-5643 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Borghesi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, A. Macchi, and O. Willi, "Characterization of laser plasmas for interaction studies: progress in time-resolved density mapping," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6769-6773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Louis-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, "Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953-2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Borghesi, A. J. MacKinnon, L. Barringer, R. Gaillard, L. A. Gizzi, C. Meyer, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, and J. Meyer-ter Vehn, "Relativistic channeling of a picosecond laser pulse in a near-critical preformed plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 879-882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. Benattar, C. Popovics, and R. Sigel, "Polarized light interferometer for laser fusion studies," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50, 1583-1586 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

A. Giulietti, M. Galimberti, D. Giulietti, L. A. Gizzi, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, T. Ceccotti, P. De Oliveira, P. Martin, and P. Monot, "Laser wakefield acceleration of self-injected electrons in a plasma of suitable density profile," in LASERLAB-Europe User Meeting (CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, UK 2005).

L. A. Gizzi, M. Galimberti, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, P. Köster, L. Labate, P. Tomassini, P. Martin, T. Ceccotti, P. D. Oliveira, and P. Monot, "Measurement of ultrafast ionisation from intense laser interactions with gas-jets," in Superstrong Fields in Plasmas: Third International Conference on Superstrong Fields in Plasmas, AIP Conf. Proc. 827, 3-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Galimberti, Influenza del Tempo di Transito in Interferometria ai Femtosecondi 2: Calcolo della Visibilità delle Frange. Internal Report 1/102005 (IPCF-CNR, 2005), http://ilil.ipcf.cnr.it.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of the virtual experiment at three different times t.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Virtual interferogram of a dielectric cylinder moving with a speed c in the direction of z. The probe pulse is squarelike with a duration of T = 91 fs .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Line out of the visibility of the fringes along the z direction at different extensions of the edge Δ c T . In this case c T X ( y ) = 0.25 and 2 π δ n 0 X ( y ) λ p = 20 .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Line out of the variation of the refractive index along the axis of the cylinder simulated (solid curve) and reconstructed from the interferogram using the Abel inversion (circles) and deconvolution algorithm (triangles).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Second virtual interferogram used to test the algorithm. The probe pulse is squarelike with a duration of T = 91 fs .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Line outs of the variation of the refractive index simulated (solid curves) and reconstructed from the virtual interferogram using the simple Abel inversion (circles) and our deconvolution algorithm (triangles) at two radial positions: (a) along the cone axis; (b) at 27 μ m from the axis.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Line out of the visibility of the fringes along the z direction from the virtual interferogram (crosses) and relative fit with the model (curve).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Definition of the Regions of the Virtual Interferogram for a Probe Pulse with a Finite Pulse Duration

Tables Icon

Table 2 Value of Edge Extension Δ in the Two Series of Tests

Equations (19)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

δ n ( x , y , z , t ) = { δ n 0 , x 2 + y 2 < R 2 and z c t < 0 0 , elsewhere .
Φ ( y , z , T ) = 2 π λ p δ n ( x , y , z , T + x c ) d x = 2 π δ n 0 λ p { 2 X ( y ) , z c T X ( y ) and y < R X ( y ) z + c T , z c T < X ( y ) and y < R , 0 , z c T X ( y ) or y R
I ( y , z , T ) = I 0 { 1 + ν 0 cos [ Φ ( y , z , t ) + 2 π β λ p z ] } ,
S ( y , z , T ) = I p ( τ ) { 1 + ν 0 cos [ Φ ( y , z , T + τ ) + 2 π β λ p z ] } d τ .
ν = ν 0 λ p π δ n 0 c T sin ( π δ n 0 c T λ p ) ,
δ n ( x , y , z , t ) = δ n 0 { f ( z c t x X ( y ) ) , if x < X ( y ) 0 , elsewhere ) ,
f ( κ ) = 1 2 δ { 2 δ , if 2 κ δ δ 2 κ , if δ 2 κ δ 0 , if 2 κ δ , ,
δ n ( x , y , z , t ) = δ n 0 ( y , z c t , t ) Γ ( x , y , z , t ) ,
Φ ( y , z , t ) = 2 π λ p δ n 0 ( y , z x + c t , t + x c ) Γ ( x , y , z , t + x c ) d x .
Φ ( y , z , t ) 2 π λ p X ( y , z ) X ( y , z ) δ n 0 ( y , z x + c t , T ) Γ ( x , y , z , T ) d x ,
Φ ( j , k ) = 2 π h λ p i = i 0 ( j ) i 0 ( j ) δ n 0 ( j , k i ) ,
δ n 0 [ j , k i 0 ( j ) ] = λ p 2 π h Φ ( j , k ) i = i 0 ( j ) i 0 ( j ) 1 δ n 0 ( j , k i ) .
δ n ̃ 0 ( y , z + c T , T ) λ p 2 π Φ ( y , z , T ) X ( z ) X ( z ) Γ ( x , y , z ) d x .
Γ ( x , y , z , t ) = { 2 η , x 2 + y 2 < R 1 ( z ) 2 η , R 1 ( z ) 2 x 2 + y 2 < R 2 ( z ) 2 0 , elsewhere ,
δ n 0 ( y , z , t ) = { 1 , z < 0 0 , elsewhere ,
Γ ( x , y , z , t ) = { η , x 2 + y 2 < R ( z ) 2 0 , elsewhere ,
Δ = 8.7 μ m , η = 1.03 × 10 2 ,
X = 60.4 μ m , T = 93.1 fs ,
Γ ( x , y , z , t ) = η { 1 , x 2 + y 2 < R ( z ) δ R 2 0 , x 2 + y 2 > R ( z ) + δ R 2 2 R ( z ) + δ R 2 x 2 + y 2 2 δ R , elsewhere ,

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