A simple strategy for accurately recovering discontinuous functions from their Fourier series coefficients is presented. The aim of the proposed approach, named spectrum splitting (SS), is to remove the Gibbs phenomenon by making use of signal-filtering-based concepts and some properties of the Fourier series. While the technique can be used in a vast range of situations, it is particularly suitable for being incorporated into fast-Fourier-transform-based electromagnetic mode solvers (FFT-MSs), which are known to suffer from very poor convergence rates when applied to situations where the field distributions are highly discontinuous (e.g., silicon-on-insulator photonic wires). The resultant method, SS-FFT-MS, is exhaustively tested under the assumption of a simplified one-dimensional model, clearly showing a dramatic improvement of the convergence rates with respect to the original FFT-based methods.
© 2007 Optical Society of America
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